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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

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  • 2
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 2, "The Making of the Nation" [eventually included in volume 1, "The Birth of Britain"]: various pre-war proofs [with a few later notes]., [1938] - Oct 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/403A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typed and manuscript drafts and galley proofs (marked first revise and printer's copy) for chapters entitled "The Normans" or "The Norman Invasion", "The Rise and Fall of Norman Feudalism" or "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and the Medieval Church", "Coeur de Lion" or "Richard I", "Magna Carta", "The Plantagenets", "King John", "Law: Edward I", "Bannockburn and the Second Edward", "The Long Bow", "King Henry II", and "The Mother of Parliaments".With suggested...
Dates: [1938] - Oct 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 2, "The Making of the Nation" [of volume 1, "The Birth of Britain"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/420A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties], "P A's", or first, second or third revise) and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism" or "Growth amid Turmoil", "Coeur de Lion", "The English Common Law", "Magna Carta", "The Mother of Parliaments", "King Edward I", "Bannockburn (and the Second Edward)", "The Long Bow", "The Social Catastrophe" or "The Black Death",...
Dates: 1954 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation" and included in volume 2 "The New World"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/424A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties], "P A's", or first, second, fourth, fifth, or sixth revise) and typed drafts for: chapters entitled "The Dictatorship of Henry VII" or "Despotism by Consent", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "Dissolution" or "The End of the Monasteries", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs" or "The Protestant Struggle", "Good Queen Bess", "The Invincible Armada", "The New World", "Gloriana", "The Round World",...
Dates: 1954 - 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation" and included in volume 2, "The New World"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/405
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and typed and manuscript drafts (marked printer's copy, first revise and second revise) for: chapters entitled "The Age of Expansion", "The Dictatorship of Henry VII" or "The Tudor Dictatorship", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "King Henry VIII", "Dissolution", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs", "The Catholic Counterblast" or "Bloody Mary", "Elizabeth", "The (Invincible) Armada", and "Edward VI"; and provisional chapter lists.With...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": correspondence., 09 Sep 1940 - 16 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/681
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: a representative of Cassell and Company on a payment for the book; Brendan Bracken (4); Walter Harrap, [Director of] George G Harrap and Company, on WSC paying a disputed printer's bill (4); Sir Gerald Campbell, [Director-General of British Information Services, New York, United States] on publishing the book in the United States; Robert Wilberforce, [Director British Information Services, New York] on points likely to be criticised historically by Catholic...
Dates: 09 Sep 1940 - 16 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": miscellaneous notes, correspondence on the content and production of the book, and other material., 1938 - 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/443A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents [mainly literary assistants and advisers] include: Denis Kelly (3); Brigadier-General [Sir James] Edmonds, of the Military Branch of the Historical Section, on the American Civil War; Alan Bullock on Henry III and Edward I (2); [George] Young on Augustus and Trajan, and the Magna Carta; Alan Hodge on an article on George III and checking books 8 and 9 (3); Robert Wilberforce on likely US Catholic reaction to the book; Sir Alan Lascelles [Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth...
Dates: 1938 - 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 1 [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain"]: main pre-war revise [with a few later notes]., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/416A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (marked printer's copy and second revise) for: the prologue; book 1, "The Origin of the English Speaking Peoples" [eventually entitled "The Island Race"] featuring chapters entitled "Britannia", "Subjugation", "The Roman Province", "The Lost Island", "England", "The Vikings", and "The Saxon Dust"; book 2, "The Making of the Nation" featuring chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and the...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 1 [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain"]: "New Discovery": spare proofs., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/417A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked second revise) for: the prologue; book 1, "The Origin of the English Speaking Peoples" [eventually entitled "The Island Race"] featuring chapters entitled "Britannia", "Subjugation", "The Roman Province", "The Lost Island", "England", "The Vikings", "Alfred the Great" and "The Saxon Dust"; book 2, "The Making of the Nation" featuring chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 1 [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain"]: superseded version (pre-war proofs)., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/413A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (marked first proofs and printer's copy) for: introductions to the books; a note on spelling; chapters or sections entitled "Britannia", "The Lost Island", "England", "The Normans", "The Battle of Stamford Bridge", "The Battle of Hastings", "The Plantagenets", "Richard I", "Edward II", "Edward III", "The Government of the Lancastrians", "Joan of Arc", "Causes and Events of the Peasants' Revolt of 1381", "Wyclif", "King Henry IV", "Henry V", "Henry VI", "Edward IV",...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 "1485-1688, The Tudors and the Stuarts" [eventually entitled "The New World"]: superseded version (pre-war proofs) [with later notes and amendments]., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/414A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (marked first revise of 1 May 1954) for: a chapter list; chapters or sections entitled "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law Under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great Rebellion", "Cromwell and the Protectorate", "Monarchy Restored, 1660-1685", "The American Colonies under the Stuarts,...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 [eventually entitled "The New World"]: main pre-war revise., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/422A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked printer's copy) for: chapter lists; book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation"] featuring chapters entitled "The Dictatorship of Henry VII", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "Dissolution", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs", "The Catholic Counterblast", "Good Queen Bess", and "The Invincible Armada"; book 5, "Liberty and Sovereignty" [eventually entitled "The Civil War"] featuring...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 [eventually entitled "The New World"]: "New Discovery": spare proofs., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/423A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked "revised") for: chapter lists; book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation"] featuring chapters entitled "The Dictatorship of Henry VII", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "Dissolution", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs", "Good Queen Bess", and "The Invincible Armada"; book 5, "Liberty and Sovereignty" [eventually entitled "The Civil War"] featuring chapters entitled "The United Crowns",...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1-4, "From Earliest Years to 1485", "1485-1688, The Tudors and Stuarts", "Confronting the French, 1689-1815", and "The Nineteenth Century" [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies"]: superseded version (pre-war and post-war proofs)., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/415A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties] or debris; some marked first revise of 1 May 1954 or printer's copy) for: chapters or sections entitled "Church and State, 1066-1215, and the Quarrel with Beckett", "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples", A-C., Feb 1940 - Aug 1962

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/26
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (9); [George] Gordon Allen on Trafalgar; 1st Lord Bracken; Alan Hodge (4); Sir Samuel Chapman sending a speech; Asa Briggs; Alan Bullock; Alfred Burne; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on WSC autographing a copy for the Brazilian translator; representatives of Cassell and Company including directors Desmond Flower and Sir Newman Flower (53); Denis Brogan (3); Vivian Galbraith, [Director] of the Institute of...
Dates: Feb 1940 - Aug 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples", D-K., Jan 1946 - May 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/27A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (9); 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph (2); William Deakin (6); Edward Dodd of Dodd, Mead and Company, publishers (23); Denis Kelly [literary assistant] (18); Alan Hodge (77); Sir Newman Flower, director of Cassell and Company; Eliahu Elath [Israeli Ambassador to the United Kingdom] on the Hebrew edition; Henry Laughlin, President of Houghton Mifflin Company...
Dates: Jan 1946 - May 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., May 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/689
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Liberty for: "U-Boat Menace" on the war on the Western Front during World War I, the Dardanelles [Turkey] campaign, the German U-boat campaign, and the role of the Royal Navy in defeating it; "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Our Friendship with America" on misunderstandings with the United States, a history of Anglo-American conflicts,...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Prime Minister: copies of WSC's correspondence., 14 Oct 1954 - 07 Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/6A-C
Scope and Contents Carbons of letters from WSC to a variety of prominent individuals including Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Cabinet Ministers, Members of Parliament, Lords, foreign Heads of State, foreign ambassadors, British High Commissioners, Conservative parliamentary candidates, and others.Includes correspondence with Lady Violet Bonham Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Sir Ian Jacob [Director General of the BBC], 2nd Lord Camrose [earlier...
Dates: 14 Oct 1954 - 07 Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - D., 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/76A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (17); Peter Hudson, Private Secretary to the Minister of Transport (5); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman [Assistant Principal], Treasury; Stuart Mallinson; Gordon Wilson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; Arthur Hockaday, Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty; Stuart Gilbert, Private Secretary to the Minister of...
Dates: 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 199 - 203 and 269 - 273, closed for 75 years until 2029, and folios 79 - 83, closed for 100 years until 2054, on grounds of data protection due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on potentially living individuals.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/299
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Shane Leslie; Sir Hubert Young [Governor and Commander- in-Chief of Northern Rhodesia, later Zambia]; General Sir Ian Hamilton on claims by Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith [earlier Margot Asquith] on the resignation of 1st Lord Haldane [as Lord Chancellor, 1915] (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard on meeting the German Official Air Mission; Bernard Freyberg; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on the Privy Councillorships of F E Smith [1st Lord...
Dates: 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace Union., 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/343A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence on the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace, mainly between WSC and A H Richards [Secretary of the Focus] on subjects including: the visit of [? Ivan Subasic], Ban of Croatia [Yugoslavia]; the pacifism movement among the churches; meetings of the Focus, where WSC gave speeches, including mass meetings at Manchester (9 May), Bristol [16 May], Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May], Birmingham (2 June) and Chingford [Essex, 11 December]; a joint campaign with the League of Nations...
Dates: 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Gifts I-L., 1954 - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/436
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning gifts to WSC) include: [1st Lord] Ismay; Brian Goddard, Secretary of the Winston Churchill 80th birthday presentation fund; and Eric Kennington.Also includes copies of correspondence from WSC to the individuals mentioned above; newspaper cuttings (including an article about WSC and Dwight Eisenhower); photographs; pamphlets about the Catholic religion; paintings and sketches; portraits of WSC; a copy letter from Rudyard Kipling; and notes and copies of...
Dates: 1954 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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