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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence: recordings of speeches and extracts from works. This file primarily consists of business correspondence relating to the rights in speeches recorded privately by WSC in 1949, which were acquired by Decca in 1964. Much of WSC's correspondence is handled by his Private Secretary, Anthony Montague Browne. , 27 Sep 1946 - 24 Apr 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/445A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: O C Preuss (His Master's Voice Gramophone Company) (20), Emery Reves, Anthony Moir [lawyer acting for WSC] (30), J D Bicknell (His Master's Voice Gramophone Company, later Electrical and Musical Industries Ltd) (15), Denis Kelly, Arthur Luce Klein (Spoken Arts Inc), Hugh Greene [Director-General, BBC], George Marek (Vice-President and General Manager, Radio Corporation of America) (2), Leonard Lyons (New York Post), Kenneth Glancy (Vice-President, Columbia Records),...
Dates: 27 Sep 1946 - 24 Apr 1965
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Press cuttings etc., 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/355
Scope and Contents Press cuttings from British and American newspapers, with reports of statements, speeches and letters by individuals including: Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood], Home Secretary, on the need for ARP training; Sir Thomas Inskip [later 1st Lord Caldecote], Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, on aircraft production, particularly by "shadow" car factories; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on progress in rearmament and a call for national unity, including a transcript of his...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Q - Roo., 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/196
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Quickswood [earlier Lord Hugh Cecil] on subjects including WSC's career, chances of war with the Soviet Union, and WSC's speeches (6); Admiral Arthur Radford; Prince Rainier of Monaco (2); Raja Sir Maharaj Singh; Habib Rahimtoola, Governor of Sind, Pakistan; J Arthur Rank, Chairman, Rank Organisation Limited, on a film about Douglas Bader; Helen Reid [Chairman], New York Herald Tribune, on the Herald Tribune Forum; 1st Lord Reith, former Chairman, Imperial...
Dates: 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Proposed broadcasts abroad following BBC ban., 22 Apr 1932 - 04 Jul 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/590
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ira Morrison, Chairman of the International Radio Forum (enclosing information about the purpose of the forum) on arrangements for WSC to speak (2); [Benjamin] Cardozo on a broadcast by WSC; Esmond Rothermere [later 2nd Lord Rothermere] on the BBC's refusal to allow WSC to speak (3); Charles Hunter suggesting venues from which WSC could speak.Also includes: copies of letters from WSC to the individuals mentioned above and a note from Violet Pearman [Secretary to WSC]...
Dates: 22 Apr 1932 - 04 Jul 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) entitled "Housing", for the housing amendment in the debate on the address, on failed Government election pledges on housing, the contrast with the post-First World War housing programme, rent increases, the results for the building trade of limiting the housing target, the possibility of increasing the target, including increasing the production of building materials, the harm done by the overuse of economic...
Dates: 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/49A-C
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's broadcast (4 October, London) entitled "King George VI Memorial Fund Appeal", on the national memorial for the King, his interest in children's welfare, funding a statue of the King and a foundation for the care of children and the elderly. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8409 - 10.Speech notes, typescript and transcripts for WSC's speech (11 October, Conservative Annual Conference, the Spa, Scarborough [Yorkshire]) entitled "The First Year" on subjects including:...
Dates: 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/185A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 July) on the central direction of the war including: setbacks in Egypt and Cyrenaica [Libya] including the fall of Tobruk to forces under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and WSC's confidence in General Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief Middle East]; press coverage of the war and the freedom of war correspondents; his meeting with President Roosevelt and the strength of the alliance with the United States; ship-building and the production and deployment of...
Dates: 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/201A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (28 September) on the war situation including: successes in France, the liberation of Paris, and landings in the South of France; fighting in Italy; a tribute to the achievements of the British and United States armies; casualty figures; the campaign in Burma and progress against Japan; the use of DDT; setbacks in China; the modernisation of the British fleet; the position of Eastern European countries; and the presidential elections in the United States. Also...
Dates: 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/32A-C
Scope and Contents Press Association transcript and press cutting from the Sevenoaks News reporting WSC's election address (11 February, Sevenoaks [Kent] Constitutional Club) on the Labour threat to the economy and the Empire. Also includes transcript of comments by Ness Edwards [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Labour and National Service] on WSC's responsibility for sending in troops during the miners' strike at [Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales, 1910]. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 7935 -...
Dates: 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/196A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcript of WSC's speech (6 September, University of Harvard, United States) on receiving an honorary degree and on Anglo-American unity including the success of joint operations and also on his interest in Basic English which he shares with President Roosevelt, including the phrase "The empires of the future are the empires of the mind". Also includes correspondence from C K Ogden on Basic English (2); Isaiah Berlin (2); Alan Hodge; Raymond Swing; Averell Harriman;...
Dates: 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/73
Scope and Contents Print of WSC's speech (25 April, Royal Naval Division War Memorial unveiling ceremony, Admiralty Building, London). Also includes a note from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Freyberg. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3554 - 3556.Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 May, Primrose League Demonstration, Albert Hall, London) on the founding of the League, conditions now facing Conservatives, the Budget and foreign policy. Also includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister], regretting his...
Dates: 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 20 Jan 1931 - 27 Jun 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/95
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's statement (20 January, Press Association, London), entitled "The Indian Conference" on the difference between public opinion and the Round Table Conference on India, and concessions to India. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4945 - 4946.Speech notes by WSC (27 June, Chancellor's Address, Degree Conferment Ceremony, Bristol University), entitled "War Debts" on the moratorium proclaimed by the United States on war debts, and the harmful effects of reparations. Written on...
Dates: 20 Jan 1931 - 27 Jun 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 16 Mar 1931 - 22 Apr 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/96
Scope and Contents Typescript and print for WSC's speech (16 March, Select Committee on Procedure on Public Business) on Parliament as a focus and expression of national opinion, and its need for greater flexibility to free itself from routine business.Speech notes for WSC's speech (26 March, Constitutional Club, London), entitled "The March of Events" on the Labour Government's Indian policy, the cotton trade and Britain's duty to govern India. Source material includes press cuttings on the Indian boycott of...
Dates: 16 Mar 1931 - 22 Apr 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/5A-B
Scope and Contents Newscutting reporting WSC's speech (3 May, Dorchester Hotel, London) at the Jubilee dinner celebrating 50 years of the Daily Mail, and reporting speeches delivered by 2nd Lord Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth] Chairman of the Daily Mail, 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken], 1st Lord Tedder and G Ward Price.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (7 May) on receiving the freedom of Westminster entitled "The British Commonwealth" including: his standing for election in Westminster...
Dates: 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39C/539-574
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) subjects including: the importance of keeping up relations with the United States, and the reluctance of the Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to do so, particularly over Korea; the advantage of maintaining a fortified line in Korea; the need to censor the despatches of the United Nations war correspondents from Korea; appeasing from strength, not weakness; the lack of consultation with Britain by the United States over its atomic weapons; the...
Dates: 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [Jan 1932]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/397A/38-39
Scope and Contents

Letter from Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated] to Senator William Borah, regretting the newspaper coverage of his attempt to arrange for Borah and WSC to debate the question of recognition of the Soviet Union. [Copy].

Dates: [Jan 1932]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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