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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 300 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Acquired Papers. Letters and telegrams from various correspondents to Lady Randolph Churchill concerning WSC's capture and escape from the Boers. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 1899

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/69
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1899
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Acquired Papers: Letters and telegrams from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 1915 - 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/120
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1915 - 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described. Several items relate to WSC's time in Bangalore, India as a subaltern in the 4th Hussars., 1896

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/22
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1896
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill and also John S Churchill and Reginald Barnes. The file contains letters written by WSC about his time in Bangalore with the 4th Hussars; his posting to the Malakand Field Force with Sir Bindon Blood and about his first literary endeavours ("Savrola", "The Scaffolding of Rhetoric" and "The Story of the Malakand Field Force"). The file also contains two letters from Sir Bindon Blood. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 04 Oct 1896 - 31 Dec 1897

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/23
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 04 Oct 1896 - 31 Dec 1897
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. Several letters relate to the publication of WSC's first book "The Story of the Malakand Field Force" and the file also contains newspaper cuttings of reviews of the work. The file also contains material relating to the Tirah Expeditionary force and the majority of items date between January and April 1898. All letters are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., Jan 1898 - Jan 1899

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/24
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: Jan 1898 - Jan 1899
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/280
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of various articles by WSC for the Sunday Chronicle: "With The Grenadiers" on WSC's time on the Western Front with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, meetings with [1st Lord Ypres, earlier] Sir John French and conditions in the trenches; an article about George Bernard Shaw in which WSC describes his relationship with Shaw and Shaw's career; "A Man's Hobbies" on WSC's pastimes including painting and "Men Who Change Their Minds" on politicians who alter their...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/338
Scope and Contents Proofs and cutting of various articles and short pieces by WSC: an introduction to a biography of 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] by 2nd Lord Birkenhead [earlier Frederick Smith]; "Great fighters in lost causes" on the careers of various historical figures; "Shakespeare's plays as short stories: Julius Caesar"; "Life - the greatest secret of all and how to tackle all its trials and problems"; "England. My England" in which WSC dwells on his pride in his country; "If I lived my life...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence concerning "My Early Life"., Oct 1946 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/35
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Viola [Violet] Lady Apsley [earlier Violet Bathurst] on quoting WSC on fox-hunting (2); representatives of Odhams Press Limited including [William] Surrey Dane [Vice-Chairman and Managerial Consultant] (15); representatives of the BBC (17); Allen Lane of Penguin Books offering to publish the book; Sir George Bull; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); B W Cummins, honorary editor of the Swimming Times, on quoting WSC on swimming (5). Also...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Forewords by WSC., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/304
Scope and Contents

Introductions by WSC to: a book about the Mahdi (in which he recalls his experiences in the Sudan and at the Battle of Omdurman); "India Insistent" by Sir Harcourt Butler (in which he discusses events in India) and a book about the work of chartered surveyors.

Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Material used in WSC's book "My Early Life"., 1899 - [1929]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/284
Scope and Contents

Includes notes about the Boer War, the treatment of rebels in South Africa and sport at Harrow school. Also includes transcripts of letters to WSC from [3rd Lord] Salisbury, [Evelyn, 1st Lord] Cromer criticising WSC's writing, Albert Edward [Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII] on WSC's letters to the Daily Telegraph concerning battles on the North West Frontier in India and a letter from "De Profundis" [?to the Harrovian] concerning conditions at Harrow school.

Dates: 1899 - [1929]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Nov 1942 - Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Henry Morton on WSC's escape from the Boers; Antony Brett-James; Winifred Bull on her WSC quotation calendars (4); Randolph Churchill on Collier's magazine taking colour pictures of WSC; Sir Charles Petrie (2); John Lockhart; Allen Lane of Penguin Books (2); representatives of H A and W L Pitkin Limited (11) on subjects including reproducing a 1941 letter from King George VI to WSC and various of their publications; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; Sir Norman...
Dates: Nov 1942 - Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/647
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Life Story", an introduction to WSC's autobiography, his childhood, education, entry into the Army and early career in India; "I Charge with the Lancers" on his experiences trying to go to the Sudan, Lord Kitchener's opposition, meeting [Robert, 3rd] Lord Salisbury, and taking part in the "last great charge of British cavalry"; "When I was a Prisoner of War", an brief account of the origins of the Boer War, WSC's experiences in action on...
Dates: Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/703
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Are there men on the moon?" on the necessary conditions for life to develop outside the Earth; "The Ides of March", William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" rewritten as a short story; "India - as I knew it" on WSC's memories of his time in India as an officer in the 4th Hussars; "I prayed" on WSC's experiences on the run from captivity by the Boers; "What do you know about yourself?" on the digestive system, the liver, the nervous system and the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 17 May 1942 - 14 Jun 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/705
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The best-mannered man I ever met" on WSC's memories of Arthur Balfour; "Joseph Chamberlain, the Political Piebald" on the career and WSC's memories of Chamberlain; "Writing a book" on WSC's memories of "The story of the Malakand Field Force", "The River War", and meeting the journalist G W Steevens; "A colonel of the old school" on the career and WSC's memories of Colonel John Brabazon; "Curzon - magnificent failure" on the career of George...
Dates: 17 May 1942 - 14 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/696
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The truth about the Dardanelles [Turkey]", WSC's account of the strategic thinking behind the campaign, and the support it received from the War Council and leading naval figures; "The peril of half-measures and compromise in war" on Lord Fisher's doubts and Lord Kitchener's role in the campaign; "17 sea mines which played a part in history" on the naval bombardment of the Dardanelles' forts, Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden going sick, and...
Dates: 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/697
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My adventures with the guerrilla fighters" on WSC's experiences during the rebellion against the Spanish in Cuba; "First things I remember" on his earliest memories of Ireland, Elizabeth Everest, his mother [Lady Randolph Churchill], Ventnor [Isle of Wight], [William] Gladstone's election victory in 1880, and his schooling at Brighton [Sussex]; "The man who gave me my first cabinet post" on WSC's memories of Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "Thoughts and Adventures."., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/319
Scope and Contents Proofs and offprints of WSC's articles which were collectively published as "Thoughts and Adventures" including: "Winston Churchill described the Battle of Sidney Street" on his actions as Home Secretary; "In the air" on WSC's personal experiences of flying and his encouragement of the development of military aviation while First Lord of the Admiralty; "My own spy story" on espionage during World War I and WSC's experiences on the Western Front; "Plugstreet" on his posting to Ploegsteert...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.