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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 21 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 8, "The First British Empire" [eventually included in volume 3, "The Age of Revolution"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/432A-C
Scope and Contents Includes manuscript and typed drafts and galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, or penultimate revise, "duplicate", or final proof) for: chapters entitled "The (American) War of Independence", "The United States", "The Monopoly of the Whigs", "The Austrian Succession and the Forty-Five", "Colonial America" or "The American Colonies", "The First World War", "The Royal Revenge and the Conflict of the Peoples" or "The Quarrel with America", "The House of Hanover", "(Sir)...
Dates: 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles 1., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/498A-B
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "What Neville Ought to Do" on the April 1934 Budget; "Where are we heading?" on progress since 1915; "The Last Night of the Old World" on the beginning of the First World War; "Will the World swing back to Monarchies?" in support of monarchy; "Are Parliaments Obsolete?" in support of democracy and constitutional government; "My Fight for Lancashire" and "Our Last Chance" on the new Indian Parliament and the Lancashire...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Evening Standard., May 1935 - Jun 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/520
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: "The King's 25 Years" [in 7 parts]: "The Accession" on the death of Edward VII, the background of Queen Mary and the political situation in 1910; "The King Faces his First Crisis" on David Lloyd George's 1909 Budget, the Home Rule Bill and the deadlock between the Houses of Parliament; "War Clouds Gather" on the House of Commons in 1911, industrial disputes, social organization, the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia, and the Agadir...
Dates: May 1935 - Jun 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Various material., Feb 1942 - Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/298
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence on corrections to be made to Volume 4 of "The Second World War" from individuals including: Denis Kelly (5); Charles Wood; WSC on a reference to [?Reginald] Dorman Smith; Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet]; 1st Lord Ismay on the need to amend a reference to Gandhi taking glucose during his fast; the Visconde de Meirelles on the use of 'neutral' planes during the war; [George] Gordon Allen; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2);...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/294
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord Robert Cecil] on signatories to [?] a declaration by the union; Marie Belloc Lowndes [Marie Lowndes] on the effect of the press campaign by William Randolph Hearst on behalf of the Duke of Windsor [earlier King Edward VIII and Edward, Prince of Wales] and Wallis, Duchess of Windsor [earlier Wallis Simpson] during the Abdication Crisis; Yvonne de Rothschild, asking WSC to support an appeal for...
Dates: 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened in unsanitised form in Sep 2022, previously available as a 'sanitised' photocopy).
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-L., May 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/83A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air] on war graves (2); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Stephen Pierssene [General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office]; Major George Herbert (2); Humphry Berkeley, Conservative Political Centre; Lord Hinchingbrooke [later 10th Lord Sandwich and Victor Montagu] on estimates; Christopher Hollis and Sir James Hawkey, Chairman of...
Dates: May 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/156
Scope and Contents Typescript speech notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], extract from Hansard and cutting from the Times, for WSC's speech (8 Sept 1942) entitled "The War Situation" on subjects including success in Vote of Censure debate, success of Malta convoy, the Dieppe [France] Raid, the war in the Pacific, the bombing campaign againt Germany, the Battle of the Atlantic, the condition of the Eighth Army in the Western Desert, and the appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open