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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 32 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Diary, 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/10
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships within the Foreign Office, in particular with Anthony Eden; Cadogan's insight into the Axis campaigns in the Balkans; diplomatic concerns regarding Britain's activities in North Africa and Persia; reception of intelligence in advance of Hitler’s planned attack on Russia; Cadogan's opinions and influence upon Churchill's communications with Roosevelt, the voyage to the USA aboard the H.M.S. Prince of Wales and the drafting of the Joint...
Dates: 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/11
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the Foreign Office, War Cabinet, and Special Operations Executive; Cadogan's role and interventions in ongoing strategic discussions between Churchill and Roosevelt, Eisenhower, Stalin, and De Gaulle; Cadogan's opinions on the Allied negotiations over future Soviet frontiers and the second front; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits, and the hosting of Soviet diplomats in Edinburgh and London; plans for an Allied...
Dates: 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/12
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the War Cabinet, and the Foreign Office; Cadogan's role as an intermediary between Churchill and statesmen including Anthony Eden and Charles De Gaulle; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits; Turkey's relationship with the Allied powers and strained relations with the Soviet Union, including discussions with Ismet Inönü at the Adana Conference; the increasingly hostile relations between the Soviet Union and Poland...
Dates: 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 25 Feb 1948 - 25 Aug 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/188A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz" (provisionally entitled "The Blitz Continues"); Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 25 Feb 1948 - 25 Aug 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2: Proofs for CSC., 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/190A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26 "Relations with Vichy [France] and Spain"...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Chapter 17 "The Blitz"., 08 Mar 1948 - 13 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/163
Scope and Contents

Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 17 entitled "The Blitz" (provisionally entitled "The Blitz Continues" and "'London Can Take It'"), annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], 1st Lord Ismay, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] and CSC.

Dates: 08 Mar 1948 - 13 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"., 11 Jan 1947 - 04 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/164
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 18 entitled "'London Can Take It'" (provisionally entitled "Some Personal Notes on the Blitz"), annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, Lieutenant- General Sir Henry Pownall, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], 1st Lord Ismay, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] and CSC.Also includes: galley proofs from Chapter 17 "The...
Dates: 11 Jan 1947 - 04 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Comments by Sir Norman Brook., 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/193
Scope and Contents Includes notes by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on Volume 2, on subjects including: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Chapter 16 "The...
Dates: 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various comments., 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/197A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 2 from individuals including: Daniel Longwell [Editor of Life Magazine]; Professor Albert Goodwin [former Staff Officer, Air Ministry War Room, and member of Historical Branch, Air Ministry] on the Blitz, and WSC's chapters on the Blitz and Battle of Britain (includes comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall); George [Gordon] Allen on Operation "Sea Lion" [codename for planned German invasion of Britain], with...
Dates: 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 3 "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. Hess"., 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/205A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 3 entitled "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. [Rudolf] Hess" (provisionally entitled "Blitz and Radar. 1941", "The Blitz and Radio War. 1941" and "The Air and the U-boats"), annotated with notes and comments from various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], Professor R V Jones, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Jay Gold, CSC, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the...
Dates: 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Correspondence., 03 Jan 1908 - 22 Dec 1908

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/1
Scope and Contents Correspondents comprise: David Lloyd George [Chancellor of the Exchequer] on his and WSC's opposition to the naval building programme and the determination of Reginald McKenna [First Lord of the Admiralty] to build Dreadnoughts (3); Sir George Murray [Permanent Secretary to the Treasury] on naval estimates; John Bradbury on Budget estimates and the National Debt; the Motor Union on a petition to Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] on car taxation; Lord Crewe [earlier Lord...
Dates: 03 Jan 1908 - 22 Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence., 02 Oct 1953 - 23 Dec 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/104A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence on constituency affairs by individuals including: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (20), John Harvey, Chairman [1954 - 56] (9) and Donald Forbes, Vice-Chairman, later Chairman [1956 - 61] (6), on constituency affairs including finances, meetings, office holders, Barlow-Wheeler's future employment and the 1959 General Election; F J Matthews, Chairman, Industrial Life Insurance Offices,...
Dates: 02 Oct 1953 - 23 Dec 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Election: Tours., 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/553A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Conservative candidates either requesting visits from WSC or thanking him for visits including: Major-General Robert Laycock, [3rd] Lord Long, Reginald Manningham Buller [later 1st Lord Dilhorne], [Edward] Spears (3), Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Edward Terrell, Randolph Churchill, Donald Somervell, Bernard Sunley, Alfred Denville, George Harvie Watt and Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; David [1st Lord] Margesson of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence, H-Q., Feb 1943 - Feb 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/485
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] congratulating WSC on his speech at Harvard, Cambridge [United States]; James Conant, President, (2) and Jerome Greene, Secretary to the Corporation, of Harvard University and Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] (2) on WSC receiving an honorary degree from Harvard; Victor Goodman [Chief ARP and Security Officer of the Palace of Westminster] and [Douglas] Clifton-Brown...
Dates: Feb 1943 - Feb 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-L., May 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/83A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air] on war graves (2); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Stephen Pierssene [General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office]; Major George Herbert (2); Humphry Berkeley, Conservative Political Centre; Lord Hinchingbrooke [later 10th Lord Sandwich and Victor Montagu] on estimates; Christopher Hollis and Sir James Hawkey, Chairman of...
Dates: May 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/199A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (24 May) on the foreign affairs debate entitled "The world situation" including: a meeting of the Dominion Prime Ministers; the unity of empire; discontinuation of arms to Turkey; the fall of Mussolini and the position of Italy; relations with and events in Spain, Greece, Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union and Poland. Also includes correspondence from: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (4): Count Edward Reventlow [Danish Minister at the Court of St...
Dates: 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.