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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: articles, Evening Standard., Mar 1936 - Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/543
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Britain, Germany and Locarno" and "Stop it Now!" on the need for the League of Nations to act on German troops entering the Rhineland [Germany]; "Where Do We Stand?" on the results of Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] and the British policy on it; "How Germany is Arming" on German military expenditure; "Our Navy Must Be Stronger"; "Organise Our Supplies" on efficient munitions production; "How to Stop War" on the need for a grand...
Dates: Mar 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 3., 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/571
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Friendship with Germany" on his own and Britain's attitude to Germany; "A Forward Step" on the improved outlook for peace in the Mediterranean, Yugoslavia and Spain, and the disappearance of [Italian] pirate submarines from the Mediterranean; "War is not Imminent" on the need to avoid unnecessary alarmism, the situation in the Far East depending upon the actions of the United States, the tension between Italy and France...
Dates: 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - Mar 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/645
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Anglo-German Naval Agreement", criticising the 1935 Agreement, the attitude of the Admiralty at that time, German superiority in submarines, and the effect of the Agreement on air parity; "Counting the Cost of Italy's Policies Abroad" on the Anglo-Italian Agreement of 1938, Italian intervention in Spain, and possible Italian conflict with France; "Light and Shade in Europe since Herr...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Mar 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 2., Apr 1939 - Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/646
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Would Peace or War Better Serve Mussolini's Interests?" on Italy's violation of the Anglo-Italian Agreement particularly over the invasion of Albania, Italy's potential weakness in a Mediterranean war and WSC's hopes of the Italian people's reluctance to become involved in such a war; "President Roosevelt and Franco's choice" on Roosevelt's stance towards Europe and arguing for Spanish...
Dates: Apr 1939 - Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 3., Oct 1938 - Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/613
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France, Britain, and the Future Fate of Europe" on the need for unity between Britain and France, and apportioning blame for the situation in Czechoslovakia; "Palestine at the Cross-roads" on Jewish and Arab conflict, arguing against partition, and advocating the restoration of order; "All is Not Lost in China" on the state of the Sino-Japanese War, future prospects,...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Evening Standard articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/610
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the Standard (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Britain Rearms" on British naval, army and air strength; "What Japan Thinks of Us" on the Japanese racial attitude to the British and Americans, Japan's naval strength and US policy concerning the Sino-Japanese War; "The League [of Nations] is not Dead Yet" on the power of the dictatorships in Europe, a defence of the League, and asserting the need for Britain and France to show...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 30 Jan 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/119
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The Follies of the Victors, 1919 - 1929"; Chapter 2 "Peace at its Zenith, 1922 - 1931"; Chapter 3 "Lurking Dangers"; Chapter 4 "Adolf Hitler"; Chapter 5 "The Locust Years, 1931 - 1935"; Chapter 6 "The Darkening Scene, 1934"; Chapter 7 "Air Parity Lost, 1934 - 1935"; Chapter 8 "Challenge and Response, 1935"; Chapter 9 "Problems of Air and Sea, 1935 - 1939"; Chapter 10 "Sanctions Against Italy, 1935"; Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The...
Dates: 30 Jan 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause [Spain, 1936-1937]": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/86
Scope and Contents Includes typescript, manuscript, and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: [William] Deakin [literary assistant], WSC, "K H" [secretary Kathleen Hill], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], "H R P" [Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall], [secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt], and Isaiah Berlin.Also includes: proofs of WSC's speeches at the Albert Hall [London] (3 December 1936) and to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Commons (30 March...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 11 - 21: 'Returned empties'., 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/114A-K
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause - Spain 1936 - 1937); Chapter 13 "Germany Armed, 1936 - 1938"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office and His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich" [Germany]; Chapter 18 "Munich Winter"; Chapter 19 "Prague, Albania and the Polish Guarantee"; Chapter 20 "The Soviet...
Dates: 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Spain., 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/314
Scope and Contents Correspondents on the Spanish Civil War include: the Marques del Moral [representative of the Nationalists] on the illegality of the Spanish Government; Pablo, Marques de Merry del Val [former Spanish Ambassador to Britain] on subjects including the Communist dictatorship in the Government, WSC's article ["Spain's Road to Peace"], Communist propaganda, and the mercy shown by General Franco to his opponents (4); Robert Graves on WSC's misinformation about Communist influence and interference...
Dates: 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 57-58, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S27 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.