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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 29 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Broadcasts, 1955-10 - 1970-02

Reference Code: GBR/0014/POLL 4/1/27
Scope and Contents Annotated transcripts of television and radio interviews and broadcasts by JEP on subjects including: immigration; defence, particularly cuts in the Middle East, British withdrawal from Singapore (in interviews with Denis Healey, Secretary of State for Defence, 1967), and retaining use of nuclear weapons; floating exchange rates; JEP's book on the relationship between the Ministry of Health and the National Health Service, A New Look at Medicine and Politics; Parliamentary privilege and...
Dates: 1955-10 - 1970-02
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Please see individual files for details.
 File

Literary: Co-operation Press Service: business correspondence., 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/638
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Co-operation including its head, Imre Revesz [later Emery Reves]; Wilbur Forrest, Assistant Editor, and Mrs Ogden Reid, the Proprietor of the New York Herald Tribune, on the importance of the American reading public getting up-to-date comment from leading European statesmen; Sir Alexander Cadogan (Foreign Office); A de Premio Real, Chief Editor of L'Ilustre Francais; Thornton Butterworth Limited; Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] on broadcasting to the...
Dates: 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Co-operation Press Service for International Understanding: business correspondence., 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/607
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marguerite Scialtiel, a French representative of Curtis Brown Limited (2); representatives of Co-operation including its head, Imre Revesz [later Emery Reves]; the London representative of le Moment, a Romanian newspaper, on WSC acknowledging its 1000th issue; copy letter from Curtis Brown, New York [United States], on distributing WSC's Daily Telegraph articles in America.Other subjects include: publication details of WSC's articles for Argentina, Australia, Canada,...
Dates: 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1938 - Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/621
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Today's Battles" (British title "War on Land" or "How the Armies will fight next time") on developments in military strategy in wars since the American Civil War, tanks, the difficulties facing an aggressor, and the importance of the infantry-man; "The Colony Racket" (British title "Great Britain and the German Colonies") on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective, comparing [Prince Otto von]...
Dates: Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence., 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/604
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Representatives of Collier's including the Editor, William Chenery (16); representatives of Curtis Brown Limited, New York [United States] Office (28) on subjects including WSC's US taxes and the scope for syndicating his articles in the US, and the London Office on publication rights for WSC's US articles in the United Kingdom (2); Brendan Bracken suggesting subjects for US articles; Adam Marshall Diston and Richard Clarke on preparing articles for WSC; Admiral Sir...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Daily Mirror articles by WSC., Jul 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/650
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Mirror, the Irish Daily Telegraph and the Belfast Telegraph for: "The Hush in Europe" or "Churchill Writes for Us Now" on Hitler's role in preventing war, rejecting the need for German "living space", and his displeasure at the failure to conclude an alliance between Britain, France and the [Soviet Union]; "Hitler Sells the Pass" deriding German reassurances about their intentions, commenting on the agreement between Germany and...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - Jun 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/611
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France's New Government" on the frequent changes in government, praise for the new Prime Minister, Edouard Daladier, and asserting the importance of France for European security; "Britain's Deficiencies in Aircraft Manufacture" on purchasing aircraft from the United States and building factories in Canada (with cuttings of an article by John Moore-Brabazon [later 1st...
Dates: Apr 1938 - Jun 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - Mar 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/645
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Anglo-German Naval Agreement", criticising the 1935 Agreement, the attitude of the Admiralty at that time, German superiority in submarines, and the effect of the Agreement on air parity; "Counting the Cost of Italy's Policies Abroad" on the Anglo-Italian Agreement of 1938, Italian intervention in Spain, and possible Italian conflict with France; "Light and Shade in Europe since Herr...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Mar 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 2., Jul 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/612
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Acute Indigestion: Germany's Absorption of Austria", reporting on the situation in annexed Austria for Jews, Catholics, monarchists, Austrian Nazis, and workers; "Thoughts on the Royal Visit" to Paris, France, by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth [earlier the Duchess of York, later Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother], praising the visit for strengthening the ties...
Dates: Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 2., Apr 1939 - Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/646
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Would Peace or War Better Serve Mussolini's Interests?" on Italy's violation of the Anglo-Italian Agreement particularly over the invasion of Albania, Italy's potential weakness in a Mediterranean war and WSC's hopes of the Italian people's reluctance to become involved in such a war; "President Roosevelt and Franco's choice" on Roosevelt's stance towards Europe and arguing for Spanish...
Dates: Apr 1939 - Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 3., Oct 1938 - Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/613
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France, Britain, and the Future Fate of Europe" on the need for unity between Britain and France, and apportioning blame for the situation in Czechoslovakia; "Palestine at the Cross-roads" on Jewish and Arab conflict, arguing against partition, and advocating the restoration of order; "All is Not Lost in China" on the state of the Sino-Japanese War, future prospects,...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Evening Standard articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/610
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the Standard (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Britain Rearms" on British naval, army and air strength; "What Japan Thinks of Us" on the Japanese racial attitude to the British and Americans, Japan's naval strength and US policy concerning the Sino-Japanese War; "The League [of Nations] is not Dead Yet" on the power of the dictatorships in Europe, a defence of the League, and asserting the need for Britain and France to show...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/253
Scope and Contents

Notes for WSC's book "The Aftermath" on demobilisation and indemnity including: a copy letter from WSC to [David Lloyd George]; corrections to chapter 2 entitled "Demob"; a report of the Imperial War Cabinet on indemnity; a Treasury report on the cost of the war to Great Britain; notes from Sir [Maurice] Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence] on the calculation of reparations due from Germany and extracts from several speeches by David Lloyd George on indemnity.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 30 Jan 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/119
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The Follies of the Victors, 1919 - 1929"; Chapter 2 "Peace at its Zenith, 1922 - 1931"; Chapter 3 "Lurking Dangers"; Chapter 4 "Adolf Hitler"; Chapter 5 "The Locust Years, 1931 - 1935"; Chapter 6 "The Darkening Scene, 1934"; Chapter 7 "Air Parity Lost, 1934 - 1935"; Chapter 8 "Challenge and Response, 1935"; Chapter 9 "Problems of Air and Sea, 1935 - 1939"; Chapter 10 "Sanctions Against Italy, 1935"; Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The...
Dates: 30 Jan 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office: his resignation": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/88
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: WSC, [William] Deakin [literary assistant], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], and [secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt].Also includes: copies of contemporary letters from WSC for incorporation into the chapter; file notes by [secretaries] "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford] and "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow]; sections provisionally intended to feature in chapters...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich [Germany]": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/91
Scope and Contents Includes typescript, manuscript, and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: WSC, [William] Deakin [literary assistant], "E R" [Emery Reves, earlier Imre Revesz], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], [Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall], [Isaiah] Berlin, "Van" [1st Lord Vansittart], and "O S" [Sir Orme Sargent, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs].Also includes: sections provisionally intended to feature in chapters entitled...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 1 - 10: 'Returned empties'., 24 Dec 1947 - 27 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/113A-J
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The Follies of the Victors, 1919 - 1929" (provisionally entitled "Germany Disarmed"; Chapter 2 "Peace at its Zenith, 1922 - 1931" (provisionally entitled "Domestic Interlude - Mr [Stanley] Baldwin" and "Locarno: the Economic Blizzard, 1925 - 1931"); Chapter 3 "Lurking Dangers"; Chapter 4 "Adolf Hitler"; Chapter 5 "The Locust Years, 1931 - 1935"; Chapter 6 "The Darkening Scene, 1934"; Chapter 7 "Air Parity Lost, 1934 - 1935"; Chapter 8 "Challenge and...
Dates: 24 Dec 1947 - 27 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 11 - 21: 'Returned empties'., 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/114A-K
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause - Spain 1936 - 1937); Chapter 13 "Germany Armed, 1936 - 1938"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office and His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich" [Germany]; Chapter 18 "Munich Winter"; Chapter 19 "Prague, Albania and the Polish Guarantee"; Chapter 20 "The Soviet...
Dates: 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various comments., 31 Jan 1935 - 20 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/141A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on corrections to be made to Volume 1 of "The Second World War" from individuals including: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including leading German generals and German air strength (13); Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on subjects including the use of Cabinet papers (7); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (2); George [Gordon] Allen on subjects including the Irish Treaty and the Chiefs of Staff (8);...
Dates: 31 Jan 1935 - 20 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, D-G., Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (12); Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich, British Ambassador to France]; William Stewart; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) including (1) on him serving on the Council of the United Europe movement; Freda Smith [Sandys' secretary] (11); Colonel Oliver Stanley; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head] of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat [and Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on the...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-L., May 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/83A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air] on war graves (2); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Stephen Pierssene [General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office]; Major George Herbert (2); Humphry Berkeley, Conservative Political Centre; Lord Hinchingbrooke [later 10th Lord Sandwich and Victor Montagu] on estimates; Christopher Hollis and Sir James Hawkey, Chairman of...
Dates: May 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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