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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: articles: News of the World 4., Oct 1937 - Nov 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/567
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "The General Strike" on the railway strikes of 1911 and 1919, and the General Strike of 1926; "The Crisis of 1931" on the economic crisis of summer 1931 and the fall of Ramsay Macdonald's Labour Government; "Vision of the Future Through Eyes of Science" on the history and future of human progress; "Life in a World Controlled by the Scientists" on the future possibilities and risks of science.Also includes: annotated proofs...
Dates: Oct 1937 - Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Business Correspondence concerning "The World Crisis" and its sequel "The Aftermath" [published as Volume 4]., 25 Sep 1923 - 15 Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/207
Scope and Contents

Correspondence with representatives of Curtis Brown Limited concerning: negotiations with Charles Scribner on the publication of an American edition; negotiations with Thornton Butterworth Limited; world-wide serialisation of the books; contracts; financial agreements on advances and commission to be paid to WSC; and sales figures for "The Aftermath".Includes material on the disruption caused by the General Strike.

Dates: 25 Sep 1923 - 15 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 1., Jul 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/620
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Japan Guesses Wrong" on Japanese battleship building, the British and American response, making comparisons with naval strategy during World War I; "Dictators on Dynamite" (British title "Dictators at the Cross-roads") on the rise of Hitler and Benito Mussolini and the contemporary situation in Germany and Italy; "England Learns About Labor" (British title "The Problem of the Labour Unions") on union radicalism, supporting the recognition of...
Dates: Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence., 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/604
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Representatives of Collier's including the Editor, William Chenery (16); representatives of Curtis Brown Limited, New York [United States] Office (28) on subjects including WSC's US taxes and the scope for syndicating his articles in the US, and the London Office on publication rights for WSC's US articles in the United Kingdom (2); Brendan Bracken suggesting subjects for US articles; Adam Marshall Diston and Richard Clarke on preparing articles for WSC; Admiral Sir...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance., 01 Oct 1938 - 06 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/603A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Rennie Smith (2); David Garland; Nathan Laski; Arthur Bateman; Hervey de Montmorency; Gerald Sington; Ellison Hawks; Henry Ferns.Subjects covered by the file include: the fate of Czechoslovakia; Adolf Hitler and Germany; criticism of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and his government; WSC's House of Commons speech of 5 October.Also includes: various cuttings; protest letter from the Arts Peace Campaign with typed signatures of individuals including Mark Gertler and...
Dates: 01 Oct 1938 - 06 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/444
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harold Laski on the importance of WSC's leadership, particularly in the United States; [Caroline] Lejeune [Mrs E Roffe Thompson, Film Critic to the Observer] recommending films to WSC; [Richard] Eric Long on his support for WSC (3); Jean [Ivan] Maisky [Soviet Union Ambassador to the United Kingdom] sending WSC a copy of [Ilya] Ehrenburg's "Fall of Paris"; Paul Maze sending 2 paintings and hoping to see WSC (3); Barbara McCorquodale (Barbara Cartland) sending WSC her...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C., Dec 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (8); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary [to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland] (2); Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (2); Sir Arthur Young, Scottish Unionist Whip (2); 11th Lord Scarbrough [earlier Sir Lawrence Lumley]; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin], Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party, on...
Dates: Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T - Z., 15 Jan 1951 - 12 Feb 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/131
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Geoffrey Drewe [Assistant to Honorary Treasurers, Conservative and Unionist Party] on WSC's expenses; Kenneth Thompson; John Hare, Vice-Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office, on subjects including the local election at High Wycombe [Buckinghamshire] (2); Sir Edward Bridges, [Permanent Secretary], Treasury, on WSC's salary and Prime Minister's pension (2); Sir Edward Beddington-Behrens [Vice-Chairman, European Movement] on WSC's speech at a European...
Dates: 15 Jan 1951 - 12 Feb 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - P., 08 Jan 1951 - 15 May 1962

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/195A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Enoch Powell; Christopher Soames; Diana, Lady Norwich [earlier Lady Diana Cooper] on the death of [1st Lord Norwich, earlier Duff Cooper] (2); 2nd Lord Norwich [earlier John Julius Cooper]; "Fudd" [1st Lord Norwich] (2); Bryce Nairn, British Consul-General, Lourenco-Marques, Portuguese East Africa [later Mozambique]; 13th Lord Napier and Ettrick; 6th Lord Nelson [earlier Lord Trafalgar]; Oscar Nemon on his bust of WSC (8); Sir Alan Lascelles [Private Secretary to...
Dates: 08 Jan 1951 - 15 May 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches:., 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/19
Scope and Contents Cutting from Liverpool Daily Post and Mercury, report of speech by WSC to Liverpool Chamber of Commerce, at the Adelphi Hotel, Liverpool, 5 May, on the Government's Colonial policy, railway and river development, the cotton trade and the needs of Lancashire. Published Complete Speeches I, pp.618-624, under the title, "The Development of the Crown Colonies".Printed pamphlet, speech by WSC "Liberalism and Socialism", St Andrew's Hall, Glasgow. Published Complete Speeches I, pp.671-677...
Dates: 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/38A-C
Scope and Contents Danish proofs for WSC's speeches (9 - 11 October, Copenhagen [Denmark]). Also includes letter from Paul Monrad, publisher of the speeches in Denmark.Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 October, Copenhagen University) entitled "Honorary Degree Conferment" (of WSC's honorary doctorate of philosophy) on Britain's debt to the ancient Danes, WSC's own perseverance after the academic failures of his youth, the privilege of university education, the balance between sciences and arts, the advantages...
Dates: 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/49A-C
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's broadcast (4 October, London) entitled "King George VI Memorial Fund Appeal", on the national memorial for the King, his interest in children's welfare, funding a statue of the King and a foundation for the care of children and the elderly. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8409 - 10.Speech notes, typescript and transcripts for WSC's speech (11 October, Conservative Annual Conference, the Spa, Scarborough [Yorkshire]) entitled "The First Year" on subjects including:...
Dates: 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 February), for the debate on the address on the programme of Government legislation, the Trade Unions Bill, the situation in China and Britain's attitude to the Soviet Union. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4140 - 4148.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (11 April), on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund,...
Dates: 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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