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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Mar 1935 - Nov 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/519
Scope and Contents Proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "To-day's Great Problems at Home and Abroad" on the threat of war; "The Grave Weakness of Britain's Defences" on the need to build up the Forces; "The Miracle of Our Balanced Budgets" on changes to the economy since 1929, and the contradictions between economic problems and a balanced budget; "Is Parliament Merely a Talking Shop?" on government by debate and the influence of Socialist and Irish members of Parliament; "What is the...
Dates: Mar 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 28 May 1937 - 07 Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/586
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Lord Fisher and his Biographer" on Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon's appointment to and removal from the Dover Patrol (1915-1917) and Bacon's biography of 1st Lord Fisher, and also on Fisher's part as 1st Sea Lord and during the Dardanelles Campaign; "Charles Stewart Parnell" on Parnell, Home Rule for Ireland and Kitty O'Shea; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "Roosevelt From Afar" on Franklin Roosevelt's economic and labour reforms.

Dates: 28 May 1937 - 07 Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: papers, correspondence and notes., 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/3
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet] (6); 7th Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] on the need for special constables in Northern Ireland; 1st Lord Curzon of Kedleston [Foreign Secretary] on Egypt; Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the Council] on reacting to Bolshevik attacks against Poland by stopping the visas of Russian Trade Unionists; "F E", (the Lord Chancellor) [1st Lord Birkenhead, earlier F E Smith] urging WSC not to resign over the...
Dates: 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence, L-M., May 1929 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/575A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Oliver Locker Lampson on subjects including an invitation to give a lecture (2); Sir John Lavery on the Artists' General Benevolent Institution; Nathan Laski requesting an invitation with the Home Secretary; Shane Leslie on WSC's "Marlborough: His life and times" and on family news (3); Commander Augustus Agar on a possible lecture by WSC; Leonie Leslie [earlier Leonie Jerome]; Frederick Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on subjects including the Conservative Party,...
Dates: May 1929 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/74
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (17 February), entitled "The Road Fund" on Parliament putting restrictions on raising money, and the constitutional procedure of the Budget. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3828 - 3833.Typescript of WSC's statement [February] on the Civil Service sports grant.Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 March), entitled "Military Civil Servants (Pensions)", on pension rights for ex-servicemen. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3857 - 3863.Speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1908 - Dec 1908

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/31
Scope and Contents Typescript of speech by WSC (23 January 1908, Birmingham Town Hall) entitled "Social Policy" on free trade and social policy. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 883 - 8.Typescript of speech by WSC (2 April 1908, Sun Hall, Liverpool) entitled "Tariff Reform and Unemployment" on taxation and unemployment. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 921 - 9.Manuscript and typescript notes for Election addresses by WSC in Manchester, including (14 April, Grand Theatre, Manchester) on subjects including...
Dates: Jan 1908 - Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/43A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election campaign (30 September - 10 October) on subjects including the grim economic outlook, regaining Britain's prestige abroad, the advantages of not winning the last election and improving the National Health Service. Source material includes: notes by 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] on the National Health Service, national unity and peace through strength, the tone of WSC's election broadcast, rearmament, Labour attempts to take credit for...
Dates: 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/59A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (18 November, Monkhams Ward Dinner and Dance, Woodford [Essex]) on the increased Conservative majority, Conservative support for a varied, tolerant society, the current political situation, including the last Budget, the rejection of nationalization by the electorate, and Labour's lack of other policies. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8662 - 3.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 November, Harrow [Middlesex]) on receiving the...
Dates: 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/21A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 October, Annual Conservative Party Conference, Llandudno, Wales) entitled "Perils abroad and at home" on subjects including: the recovery of the Conservative Party since 1945; the part played by Wales in British affairs; relations with the Soviet Union and the likelihood of a third world war; the degeneration of the United Nations; the importance of nuclear weapons belonging to the United States in countering the threat posed by the Soviet Union; the...
Dates: 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open

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