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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 13 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Articles., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/316
Scope and Contents Proofs and offprints of articles and short pieces by WSC including: a foreword to a book about Marthe Cnockaert-Roulers and the work of the secret service; "Prohibition"; "Britain must hear the truth" and "Tell England the truth" on the increasing military strengths of Germany and Japan, the likelihood of war in Europe and the importance of increasing the defences of the United Kingdom; an introduction to a reprinted edition of WSC's "The River War" on his experiences in the Sudan; and a...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles: Evening Standard 2., 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/570
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Defending the Empire" on the issue of Commonwealth defence, especially air and naval power; "America looks at Europe" on the good relations between the United States, Britain and France, American neutrality, Britain's war debt, and the American role in keeping gold prices stable; "The Rome-Berlin Axis" on relations between Italy and Germany, and Italy and Britain; "Vive la France!" on the fall of Leon Blum's Government...
Dates: 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 01 Jun 1941 - 06 Jul 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/693
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Battle of Jutland", giving details of the battle and [Lord] Jellicoe's role; "Why we did not hang the Kaiser" on [David] Lloyd George's desire to put Kaiser Wilhelm II on trial in the aftermath of World War I, the ultimate responsibility for acts of war, and Wilhelm's refuge in the Netherlands; "'The Moonstone' by Wilkie Collins" [rewritten as a short story] (2 parts); "June 28" on the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his...
Dates: 01 Jun 1941 - 06 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened in unsanitised form in Sep 2022, previously available as a 'sanitised' photocopy).
 File

Public and Political: General: Germany and the European Situation: Memoranda., 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/340A-B
Scope and Contents Notes and memoranda on Germany, Czechoslovakia and Europe, including: memoranda by Sir Henry Strakosch on the German economic threat to Eastern and South Eastern Europe; memorandum by [Henry] Wickham Steed on the expansion of German influence in Central and South Eastern Europe and the effects of British and French foreign policy; copy of a report by Guy, Comte de Baillet-Latour, head of the Banque Lambert, on Czechoslovakia; note of a meeting between WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C - D., 25 Dec 1946 - 22 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/168A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] introducing Archibald Cameron, Speaker of the Australian Parliament; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, owner of the Daily Telegraph] on racing, and Daily Telegraph criticism of Conservative taxation pledges (7); Tilly Losch-Carnarvon [Ottilie, Lady Carnarvon]; Admiral Robert Carney, Commander- in-Chief, Allied Forces in Southern Europe (2); Sir Robert Cary (2); Richard Casey, Australian Minister...
Dates: 25 Dec 1946 - 22 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence...
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2021.