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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 17 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/317
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "I was conscious through it all" and "My New York [United States] misadventure" on WSC's accident in which he was hit by a motor car; "The Academy reveals Britain's brave gaiety" on the Royal Academy exhibition (including a draft of the article by Edward Marsh); "My happy days in the Bahamas "; "Words on the Irish Treaty" on the announcement by [Eamon] De Valera of the abolition of the Oath of Allegiance; "Lord Oxford [and...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: notes and cuttings for Sunday Dispatch articles., 1934 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/673
Scope and Contents Includes lists of articles by WSC for possible publication in the Sunday Dispatch and cuttings from earlier articles by WSC: "Premiers on the Sick List", dismissing the strains of being Prime Minister; "What's Wrong With Parliament" on the need for parliamentary reform; "I Always Took Chances" on his childhood rashness; "Open Letter to a Communist" on his disapproval of dictatorship in the Soviet Union and Germany; "The Blackcoat Tragedy" on the decline of the middle classes; "India and the...
Dates: 1934 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, L-M., May 1929 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/575A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Oliver Locker Lampson on subjects including an invitation to give a lecture (2); Sir John Lavery on the Artists' General Benevolent Institution; Nathan Laski requesting an invitation with the Home Secretary; Shane Leslie on WSC's "Marlborough: His life and times" and on family news (3); Commander Augustus Agar on a possible lecture by WSC; Leonie Leslie [earlier Leonie Jerome]; Frederick Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on subjects including the Conservative Party,...
Dates: May 1929 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: miscellaneous correspondence., Jan 1943 - Jan 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/461
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Charles] Wood [former literary assistant of WSC] on his employment prospects; Maharaja of Nepal [?Shamsher Jang] and [Sir] Sadiq Mohammed, Nawab of Bahawalpur [India, later Pakistan] on WSC's health; [Francis] Harrison, [Assistant Principal] India Office, on replying to the Nawab of Bahawalpur; Vincent Massey, High Commissioner for Canada [in United Kingdom], on WSC autographing photographs for him; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on a letter by him in the New York...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Jan 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov [1941] - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/466
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Percy Harris on WSC's safe return from abroad; Cardinal [Arthur] Hinsley [Archbishop of Westminster], Leslie Hore-Belisha, Sir Miles Lampson [later 1st Lord Killearn, British Ambassador to Egypt], and Maharaja Maharao of Kutch on WSC's health; Major-General [Sir] Percy Hobart on his recent honour [knighthood]; Sir Ian Hamilton (3) on subjects including a memoir of his wife, forwarding best wishes, and a cow called "Winnie"; Walter Harrap, [Chairman] of George G...
Dates: Nov [1941] - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/447
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mavis Tate and Sir Reginald Wingate supporting WSC's leadership; Cecil Thomas, editor of the Daily Mirror, on his brother, [Sir] Shenton Thomas [Governor of Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States] and Singapore; "Bendor", [2nd] Duke of Westminster, (4) on subjects including the landings in North West Africa, meeting WSC, and reminisces; Sir Courtauld Thomson on gifts of a desk once owned by Lord Beaconsfield and a Russian gold medal and on...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Mi - Mu, Mac., 21 Jan 1947 - 05 Oct 1962

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/194
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Bridget, Lady Monckton [later Bridget, Lady Ruthven of Freeland] on WSC's kindness to her husband, Sir Walter Monckton; 1st Lord Milford [earlier Sir Laurence Phillipps] on racing; Sir Walter Monckton on subjects including his health and mental health charities (4); Charles Montag; Gerald Montagu (4); Anthony Montague Browne on subjects including his work for the Foreign Office (4); Noel Montague Browne (5); 11th Duke of Devonshire [earlier Lord Hartington]; Dorothy...
Dates: 21 Jan 1947 - 05 Oct 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Dec 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/125/81-83
Scope and Contents

Letter from 2nd Lord Lytton (Governor's Camp, Bengal, [India]) to WSC commiserating with him on his illness and election defeat, congratulating him on his achievements, reporting that the break-up of the Coalition came as a surprise in India, wondering what WSC, 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] and David Lloyd George will do now, reporting that although he is enjoying his work in India he gets home-sick, and inviting WSC to visit him.

Dates: 06 Dec 1922
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [Jul] [1925]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/142/5-6
Scope and Contents Letter from Pamela, Lady Lytton (Barrackpore, [India]) to WSC approving of the appointment of Edward Wood [later Lord Irwin and Lord Halifax] as Viceroy of India but arguing that Lord Lytton deserved to be appointed and is therefore disappointed. Refers to an allegedly "unbalanced" letter written by Lytton to 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] and argues that Birkenhead was himself unbalanced for preferring to appoint Lord Peel, who lacks the necessary qualities and whose wife is...
Dates: [Jul] [1925]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.