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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and Hansard., 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/93A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (26 January), entitled "India - 'A Frightful Prospect'" on poor recent handling of Indian affairs, Indian hopes for Dominion status and a Federal Government, parallels with South Africa and Ireland and the effects of losing India. Also includes an extract from Hansard reporting the debate. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4947 - 4956.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 January), entitled "'Cut Its Dirty Throat' - Trade Disputes and...
Dates: 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (15 October, Huddersfield Town Hall [Yorkshire]) on subjects including: the decision by the Colne Valley [Yorkshire] Conservatives to support a Liberal candidate to stop Labour from winning the seat; the duty of all Conservatives and Liberals to combine against Labour; a tribute to Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet Lady Bonham- Carter, later Violet, Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Liberal candidate for Colne Valley;...
Dates: 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/97
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC (5 June, Select Committee on Procedure on Public Business) on forming a non-political Economic Sub-Parliament.Speech notes and typescript (10 June, Folkestone, Kent), entitled "India (Government Policy) on the Gateshead by-election [County Durham], the Labour Government's record, the need for Conservatives to have a separate policy on India, British interests in India and the Cawnpore Riots. Source material includes a press cutting from the Times on the Round Table...
Dates: 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/102
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (30 April, Royal Academy Banquet, Burlington House, London), entitled "Political Painters" on artistic parallels with the politics of the Prime Minister [Ramsay MacDonald], the Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin], the Secretary of State for the Dominions [J H Thomas] and WSC himself. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5153 - 5154.Typescript for WSC's broadcast to the United States (8 May, London), entitled "International Monetary Policy" on worldwide...
Dates: 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/91A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 February, 1900 Club) on the failure of the Labour Government, a 3 party General Election, the Labour and Liberal alliance, Conservative proposals for protective food taxation and agriculture.Typescript for WSC's speech (26 March, Harlow, Essex), entitled "The Economic Situation" on Conservative proposals for protective food taxation, the Labour and Liberal alliance, the next Labour Budget and agricultural policy. Also includes a note (1934) from Violet...
Dates: 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/11A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (10 February 1947, House of Commons) on the coal crisis including: criticism of the policies of Emanuel Shinwell, Minister of Fuel and Power; the need to plan for winter and the inefficiencies of cutting the coal supply. Source material includes: notes from "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; notes on the increased numbers of civil servants; press cuttings on subjects including the challenge by Gwilym Lloyd George [later...
Dates: 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 28 Feb 1933 - 03 Jul 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/105
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 May, Free Trade Hall, Manchester, Lancashire and India Trade Preservation Society Demonstration) on his opposition to the National Government's policy on Indian constitutional reform (the White Paper) and its effect on trade with Lancashire. Source material includes a cutting from the Daily Dispatch on the Lancashire cotton trade, Japan, and the Indian market. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5270-1.Very brief notes for WSC's speech (?15 May, Putney, London,...
Dates: 28 Feb 1933 - 03 Jul 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Jan 1935 - 22 Feb 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/114
Scope and Contents Draft press statement by WSC (2 January) responding to a broadcast by Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood, Secretary of State for India] on Indian constitutional reform.Notes for WSC's speech (?25 January, Bristol, India Defence League meeting) on the government of India debate and Randolph Churchill's campaign at Liverpool [Wavertree by-election]. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5465-6.Notes for WSC's speech (30 January, BBC broadcast) entitled "India: the Betrayal", arguing...
Dates: 02 Jan 1935 - 22 Feb 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open