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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 8, "The First British Empire" [eventually included in volume 3, "The Age of Revolution"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/432A-C
Scope and Contents Includes manuscript and typed drafts and galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, or penultimate revise, "duplicate", or final proof) for: chapters entitled "The (American) War of Independence", "The United States", "The Monopoly of the Whigs", "The Austrian Succession and the Forty-Five", "Colonial America" or "The American Colonies", "The First World War", "The Royal Revenge and the Conflict of the Peoples" or "The Quarrel with America", "The House of Hanover", "(Sir)...
Dates: 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/294
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord Robert Cecil] on signatories to [?] a declaration by the union; Marie Belloc Lowndes [Marie Lowndes] on the effect of the press campaign by William Randolph Hearst on behalf of the Duke of Windsor [earlier King Edward VIII and Edward, Prince of Wales] and Wallis, Duchess of Windsor [earlier Wallis Simpson] during the Abdication Crisis; Yvonne de Rothschild, asking WSC to support an appeal for...
Dates: 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G. [please note that almost all material dates from 1941]., Jan 1941 - Jan 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/418
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch on Randolph Churchill; Sybil, Lady Eden, on obtaining WSC's autograph (2); [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] sending an item from Sir [Ronald] Campbell [British Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington, United States] to amuse WSC; Daisy Fellowes [earlier Daisy, Princesse de Broglie] on lunch invitations (3); [2nd] Lord Fisher of Kilverstone sending asparagus; Alastair Forbes on WSC signing his copy of "Into Battle"; David...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Jan 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov [1941] - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/466
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Percy Harris on WSC's safe return from abroad; Cardinal [Arthur] Hinsley [Archbishop of Westminster], Leslie Hore-Belisha, Sir Miles Lampson [later 1st Lord Killearn, British Ambassador to Egypt], and Maharaja Maharao of Kutch on WSC's health; Major-General [Sir] Percy Hobart on his recent honour [knighthood]; Sir Ian Hamilton (3) on subjects including a memoir of his wife, forwarding best wishes, and a cow called "Winnie"; Walter Harrap, [Chairman] of George G...
Dates: Nov [1941] - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/447
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mavis Tate and Sir Reginald Wingate supporting WSC's leadership; Cecil Thomas, editor of the Daily Mirror, on his brother, [Sir] Shenton Thomas [Governor of Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States] and Singapore; "Bendor", [2nd] Duke of Westminster, (4) on subjects including the landings in North West Africa, meeting WSC, and reminisces; Sir Courtauld Thomson on gifts of a desk once owned by Lord Beaconsfield and a Russian gold medal and on...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sa - Sk., 06 Apr 1946 - 26 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/155
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: F Heiser, Principal, St Aidan's College, Birkenhead [Liverpool]; Sir Edward Bridges [Permanent Secretary, Treasury] on WSC's salary; Frank Salisbury on his portrait of WSC; CSC; "Bobbety" [5th Lord Salisbury, earlier Lord Cranborne] on subjects including the death of his father (5); Sir Andrew Salter, asking for WSC's opinion on his book ["Personality in Politics"] and on the death of former United States Ambassador to Britain, John Winant (3); 1st Lord Samuel,...
Dates: 06 Apr 1946 - 26 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/102
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (30 April, Royal Academy Banquet, Burlington House, London), entitled "Political Painters" on artistic parallels with the politics of the Prime Minister [Ramsay MacDonald], the Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin], the Secretary of State for the Dominions [J H Thomas] and WSC himself. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5153 - 5154.Typescript for WSC's broadcast to the United States (8 May, London), entitled "International Monetary Policy" on worldwide...
Dates: 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 15 Aug 1945 - 13 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/3A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (6 December, House of Commons) on the vote of censure about party politics and criticism of the Labour government's policy on reconstruction after the war and issues including: demobilisation and employment; housing; economic issues; foreign policy; and the regulation of industry by the Board of Trade. Source material includes: letter from Sir Ian Fraser on preference for employing ex-servicemen; a copy of a statement by Harry Truman, President...
Dates: 15 Aug 1945 - 13 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open