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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 38 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 Series

Personal, 1945 - 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1
Scope and Contents This class of papers includes correspondence and papers relating to WSC's business, financial, and legal affairs, including permission for the exhibition and reproduction of his paintings, to the Chartwell estate, including Frenchstreet and Bardogs farms, and to his family, medical advisors, illnesses and pets.There are also sections relating to his staff, to private visits abroad and invitations received, and to his racing interests. There is, finally, a considerable number of photographs...
Dates: 1945 - 1965
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Nov 1948 - Apr 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/20
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Miles-Martin Pen Company on the pen WSC used to annotate "The Second World War" (4); Christopher Hewer on WSC's medical bill; Robert MacKenna on WSC's medication (2); Douglas Parbury on fish at Chartwell [Kent] (6); John Baber and his wife offering WSC a stay at their home in Portofino [Italy]; Herbert Gfroerer of the Soundscriber Corporation (10), James Killian, President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [United States], and George...
Dates: Nov 1948 - Apr 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Jan 1949 - Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugh Newman on butterflies at Chartwell [Kent] (4); Sir Alexander Roger (2) and Colin Coote [Managing Editor of the Daily Telegraph and the Morning Post] (6) on procuring brandy for WSC; Frederic Bates, Chairman of Cunard White Star Limited; Douglas Parbury on fish for ponds at Chartwell (8); Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (4); representatives of Anthony Juer Lighting Limited on studio lighting (4); Frank Juler on WSC's eyesight; Christopher...
Dates: Jan 1949 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Business correspondence A-D., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/15
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Lloyds Bank including Geoffrey Mason and T E R Harris (3); Rosemary McEntire of the British Embassy in Paris [France] (4) and Thomas Bromley (Foreign Office) on repairs to WSC's Breguet watch; Claus Vogel on WSC's visit to Switzerland in 1946; representatives of Cassell and Company (2), including a director, Desmond Flower, on the publication of WSC's war memoirs in the Daily Telegraph; Colonel Frank Clarke (4), HM Customs and Excise (5), and Alfred...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence A-F., Nov 1945 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (24) and J C Tweed [an Irish solicitor] (4) on subjects including WSC selling the Carnlough [Antrim, Ulster, Ireland] estate to 13th Lord Antrim [earlier Randall McDonnell]; representatives of Berry Brothers and Rudd Limited on WSC's orders for champagne and whisky (9); 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Sir Albert Edmondson]; Sir William Rootes (2) and Christopher Soames on providing cars; Ben Russell, [Director]...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Business correspondence E-Z., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Howard Thomas, Producer in Chief, Pathe Pictures Limited, on film of WSC receiving the freedom of Ayr [Scotland]; Percy Cole, Editor, Official Report of Debates, House of Commons [Hansard] on reprints of WSC's speeches (2); Eleanor Goole of St Dunstan's [Institute for the Blind] on Braille editions of WSC's books (4); representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (8); representatives of Twiss, Brownings and Hallowes Limited (8) and Sir Eric Crankshaw,...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Chartwell [Kent] correspondence., Aug 1945 - Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/32A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Lloyds Bank, including Geoffrey Mason and T E R Harris, (3); representatives of Massey-Harris Limited, including its President James Duncan, (4); Percy Cox [agent for WSC's farms] (12); Major Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (9); Robert Hudson; representatives of the Sevenoaks [Kent] and District Electricity Company Limited (4); "Top" [ 3rd Lord Selborne, earlier Lord Wolmer]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open (folios 287-8 were opened in 2022)
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Personal: Chartwell [Kent] correspondence., Apr 1953 - Nov 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/37
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the Commonwealth Relations Office, including Eric Vines and John Morrison [later 2nd Lord Dunrossil, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations], on collecting acorns from Chartwell for Melbourne [Australia] Botanic Gardens (6); Percy Cox, Manager of the Chartwell Estate (10); General Sir Ian Hamilton (2); representatives of Fladgate and Company, including Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (19); Richard Cave...
Dates: Apr 1953 - Nov 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Chartwell [Kent]: correspondence A-N., Aug 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/30
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugh Newman on butterflies (6); Percy Cox [agent for WSC's farms] (3); representatives of the Sevenoaks [Kent] and District Electricity Company Limited (8); John Wood of Wood, Willey, and Company [WSC's accountants] (4); General Sir Ian Hamilton on cattle breeding (2); representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (4); Major Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (10); representatives of the War Department Land Agent and Valuer, West Kent Area (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence., 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Mule" [Sarah Oliver, earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, then Sarah, Lady Audley] on subjects including her visit to Canada and her wedding to Antony Beauchamp (16); "Alex", 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis [Governor-General of Canada]; Bernard Baruch; CSC on subjects including WSC's leadership of the Conservative Party, Chartwell [Kent] and Sarah (12); Antony Beauchamp; Hugh [? Frewen]; Oswald Frewen (2); Amy Guest (4); Raymond Guest; Sir Shane Leslie (3);...
Dates: 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence., 07 Jun 1951 - 10 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/49
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Sunny", Lord Blandford [later 11th Duke of Marlborough]; Sarah Churchill [later Sarah Crewe]; John G Churchill; CSC (7); Roger Frewen (2); Winston Guest (2); "Kitty", Lady Katherine Lambton; Mary, Duchess of Marlborough [earlier Mary, Lady Blandford] (3); Charles Rhys [later 8th Lord Dynevor]; Hope Rhys [later Hope, Lady Dynevor]; Giles Romilly; Clare Sheridan (3); [?] Patrick Mayhew, Secretary, Oxford University Conservative Association; Diana Sandys [earlier Diana...
Dates: 07 Jun 1951 - 10 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence A - Churchill, Lady C (CSC)., 26 Oct 1951 - Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/50A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] on her memoirs, "The Glitter and the Gold", including her criticism of Henry Asquith [1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Margot Asquith [Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith] (9); Cass Canfield, Chairman of Harper and Brothers, Publishers (2); Sarah Beauchamp, "Mule" [earlier Sarah Churchill, then Sarah Oliver, later Sarah, Lady Audley], on subjects including Oscar Nemon's sculpture of WSC, the death of Queen Mary...
Dates: 26 Oct 1951 - Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence A - J., 29 Nov 1949 - 23 May 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); "Mule" [Sarah Beauchamp, earlier Sarah Churchill, then Sarah Oliver, later Sarah, Lady Audley] (15); Antony Beauchamp on subjects including hopes for WSC's re-election (4); CSC on subjects including Chartwell [Kent], and avoiding offence to Queen Juliana [? of the Netherlands] (52); "Bendor" [2nd Duke of Westminster]; Diana Sandys [earlier Diana Churchill, later Diana Bailey]; Mary Soames [earlier Mary...
Dates: 29 Nov 1949 - 23 May 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence A - L., 16 Oct 1943 - 16 Sep 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/41
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Spencer-Churchill, on subjects including WSC's writing and the political situation (3); Lady Caroline Spencer-Churchill; Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill; CSC on subjects including WSC's holiday at Lake Como [Italy], his painting, Chartwell [Kent], Mary Churchill [later Mary Soames], and the Council of Foreign Ministers (18); Horatia Seymour; Mary Churchill on her posting to Britain; John S Churchill (3); Pamela Digby [earlier Pamela Churchill, later Pamela...
Dates: 16 Oct 1943 - 16 Sep 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence Churchill A - C., 04 Mar 1955 - 31 Aug 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/55
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arabella Churchill (4); CSC on subjects including WSC's work on volume 1 of ["A History of the English-Speaking Peoples"], her visit to Ceylon [later Sri Lanka], the Suez Canal [Egypt], family affairs, Chartwell [Kent], WSC's painting and the death of 1st Lord Bracken (91); Diana Sandys [earlier Diana Churchill, then Diana Bailey] (2); Mary Soames [earlier Mary Churchill] (3); Max Rosenheim [Director, Medical Unit, University College Hospital Medical School]; Sarah...
Dates: 04 Mar 1955 - 31 Aug 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: Correspondence Churchill J - S., 18 Jun 1955 - 18 Oct 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/56
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John G Churchill (7); Sarah [Crewe], earlier Sarah Churchill; Randolph Churchill on subjects including WSC's attitude to his writing (7); Sarah Beauchamp [earlier Sarah Churchill, then Sarah Oliver, later Sarah, Lady Audley] on subjects including her acting and CSC's health (11); Winston Churchill (8); Pamela, Lady Lytton [earlier Pamela Plowden] (2); Diana Sandys [earlier Diana Churchill, later Diana Bailey] on WSC meeting Duncan Sandys; Edwina Sandys [later Edwina...
Dates: 18 Jun 1955 - 18 Oct 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence, George Spencer-Churchill - F., 11 Jun 1950 - 01 Jun 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/51
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Spencer-Churchill; John G Churchill (6); CSC (2); Peregrine Churchill; Randolph Churchill, on subjects including his election campaign at Devonport [Plymouth, Devon] and his relations with WSC (24); June Churchill (2); Arabella Churchill (2); Pamela Churchill [later Pamela Harriman] (3);Winston Churchill (9); 9th Lord de la Warr [earlier Lord Buckhurst], Postmaster General; Vivienne Entwistle, on taking photographs of WSC (9); Hugh Frewen (5); Oswald Frewen, on...
Dates: 11 Jun 1950 - 01 Jun 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence M - Z., 03 Jan 1947 - 31 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/45
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sarah Oliver ("Mule") [earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, then Sarah, Lady Audley] on subjects including her career, family life and her holiday with WSC in Marrakech [Marrakesh] [Morocco] (15); CSC on subjects including a house for Randolph Churchill (6); Randolph Churchill on subjects including controversy between himself and the New Zealand unions, and the Presidential elections in the United States (17); Bella Lobban on a poodle, "Rufus" for WSC (4);...
Dates: 03 Jan 1947 - 31 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Financial: income tax and surtax correspondence., 06 Mar 1940 - 22 Oct 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/7
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's tax, financial, and investments position include: representatives of Fladgate and Company, particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor], (20); representatives of Lloyds Bank, particularly Geoffrey Mason, (29); representatives of Cassell and Company, including a Director, Desmond Flower, (2); Andrew Heiskell, [General Manager] of Life Magazine; John Wood of Wood, Willey, and Company [WSC's accountants] (50); Henry Luce [owner of Time magazine]; William Whitney, London...
Dates: 06 Mar 1940 - 22 Oct 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Financial: income tax, surtax, property, salary: statements, accounts, memoranda, and forecasts prepared by Wood, Willey and Company [WSC's accountants]., 19 Oct 1951 - 16 Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/8
Scope and Contents Includes: accounts for Chartwell Farm [Kent] (September 1951 to September 1954) and 10 Downing Street (April 1952 to April 1954); financial statements (April 1951 to February 1954); turf account (August 1949 to October 1951); forecasts of living and other expenses (June 1952 to April 1953); profit and loss account for stud and valuation of horses (September 1953 to September 1954); particulars of income for 1952-3 surtax return and 1953-4 income tax return; estimated savings in taxes by...
Dates: 19 Oct 1951 - 16 Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Visits and Invitations: Cruises in Yacht Christina., Feb 1961 - Jul 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/154
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Wyndham [later 1st Lord Egremont and 6th Lord Leconfield], Private Secretary to Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton, Prime Minister]; 1st Lord Hailes [earlier Patrick Buchan-Hepburn, Governor General and Commander in Chief of the West Indies] (3); Peggy Ashcroft requesting permission to quote from WSC's speeches; Ian Turbott, Administrator of Antigua; CSC on her health (4); Aristotle Onassis on the dates and itinerary of the cruises (2); "Nonie" [Noel...
Dates: Feb 1961 - Jul 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Visits and invitations: France: R - S., Aug 1955 - Apr 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/149
Scope and Contents Correspondents includes: the staff of Prince Ranier III inviting WSC to various social occasions; Louis Lottier, Mayor of Roquebrune; Celia Sandys; "Willie" [William] Sax regarding painting with WSC (5); Captain Arthur Soames; Mario Profeta (13) and Frederick Smith (3), chauffeurs to WSC; and Sergeant Murray.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Anthony Montague Browne [Private Secretary to WSC], Doreen Pugh [Secretary to WSC], and Gillian Maturin [Secretary to WSC]; copies...
Dates: Aug 1955 - Apr 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Gifts: Correspondence (private and personal): A-W., Sep 1954 - Dec 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/590
Scope and Contents Correspondents (on various fund-raising and commemorative projects) include: 7th Lord Anglesley [earlier George Paget]; Bernard Baruch; Brian Batsford; Michael Cary [Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet], Derek Stephen [Private Secretary to the Secretary of the Cabinet] and Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook], Secretary of the Cabinet on the presentation of official histories to WSC; "Rock", 5th Lord Cholmondeley [earlier Lord Rocksavage]; Adrian Conan Doyle on a biography of Arthur Conan...
Dates: Sep 1954 - Dec 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - O., 03 May 1946 - 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/174
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Margaret Nairn; Princess Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (earlier Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands] on gifts of books from WSC (5); Queen Juliana of the Netherlands on making WSC godfather to her daughter (7); Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (3); CSC (2); Baron Adolph Bentinck [Minister of the Netherlands in London]; Michiels van Verduynen, Netherlands Ambassador to Britain (3); 6th Lord Clarendon [earlier Lord Hyde], Lord Chamberlain, on Queen Juliana's state...
Dates: 03 May 1946 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Various: "I worked for Mr Churchill" by Elizabeth Layton, typescript., 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/498A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript proofs of a book by Elizabeth Layton [later Elizabeth Nel] published as "Mr Churchill's Secretary" sent for WSC's approval. The book covers her experiences working for WSC between 1941 and 1945 and subjects and events including: WSC's work habits and methods of writing speeches; his personal health during the war; wartime events including the blitz and VE Day; visits to Washington [United States], Quebec [Canada], Cairo [Egypt], Teheran [Iran], Moscow; 10 Downing Street,...
Dates: 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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