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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened in unsanitised form in Sep 2022, previously available as a 'sanitised' photocopy).
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov [1941] - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/466
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Percy Harris on WSC's safe return from abroad; Cardinal [Arthur] Hinsley [Archbishop of Westminster], Leslie Hore-Belisha, Sir Miles Lampson [later 1st Lord Killearn, British Ambassador to Egypt], and Maharaja Maharao of Kutch on WSC's health; Major-General [Sir] Percy Hobart on his recent honour [knighthood]; Sir Ian Hamilton (3) on subjects including a memoir of his wife, forwarding best wishes, and a cow called "Winnie"; Walter Harrap, [Chairman] of George G...
Dates: Nov [1941] - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
 File

Speech notes., Jun 1945 - 30 Jul 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/7A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July 1946, Livingstone Hall, Westminster, London) for a confidential meeting of the Executive Committee of Conservative and Unionist Associations including: his decision not to resign as Leader of the Conservative Party; criticisms of the Labour government; the need for organised opposition; and local party organisation. Source material includes: press cuttings; papers and notes on a variety of subjects including the organisation of the Conservative party,...
Dates: Jun 1945 - 30 Jul 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/5A-B
Scope and Contents Newscutting reporting WSC's speech (3 May, Dorchester Hotel, London) at the Jubilee dinner celebrating 50 years of the Daily Mail, and reporting speeches delivered by 2nd Lord Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth] Chairman of the Daily Mail, 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken], 1st Lord Tedder and G Ward Price.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (7 May) on receiving the freedom of Westminster entitled "The British Commonwealth" including: his standing for election in Westminster...
Dates: 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/11A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (10 February 1947, House of Commons) on the coal crisis including: criticism of the policies of Emanuel Shinwell, Minister of Fuel and Power; the need to plan for winter and the inefficiencies of cutting the coal supply. Source material includes: notes from "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; notes on the increased numbers of civil servants; press cuttings on subjects including the challenge by Gwilym Lloyd George [later...
Dates: 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/13A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 June, House of Commons) on India and the transfer of power including: the need for agreement of all parties and the likelihood of unrest. Source material includes: a paper on government policy regarding Indian independence and partition. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7499-500.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 August, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire) at the West Country Conservative Rally entitled "A Doctor's Mandate" including: criticism of the...
Dates: 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open