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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)



  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 11 Collections and/or Records:


Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": correspondence., 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/548
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Madeleine Clemenceau Jacquemaire on WSC's account of her father Georges Clemenceau; Adam Marshall Diston on research on Neville Chamberlain and 1st Lord Curzon (4); "Eddie" [Sir Edward Marsh] (3); "Ettie" [Ethel, Lady Desborough] (2); Clifford Norton [Foreign Office] advising on the toning down of the chapter on Hitler for fear of offending Germany; 1st Lord Wigram [Keeper of the King's Archives] on T E Lawrence's refusal of the C B; 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord...
Dates: 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open

Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series)., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/651
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "War - from inside the Admiralty" on experiencing naval action at the Admiralty during World War I, and a detailed description of the battle of the Dogger Bank; "U-boats - How the Navy Beat Them" on the morality of submarine warfare, the development of the Q-boat, the U-boat campaign against supply from the United States, and its consequence, the entry of the US into the war; "War on the Western Front" on casualties among the French, Germans and...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/668
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Other Man Who Thought He Had Us Beaten" on the character of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the peace before World War I, WSC's presence at military manoeuvres in Germany in 1906, Wilhelm's mistakes, and his years of exile following the war; "Another Blow We Thought We Would Never Survive" on WSC's memories of Lord Kitchener during World War I, the fall of Namur [Belgium], the failure of the Dardanelles [Turkey] expedition, and Kitchener's death; "The...
Dates: 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/669
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My American Notebook" on WSC's travels in California [United States], Redwood trees, visiting San Francisco [United States] and the Lick Observatory; "Where the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward VIII] Will Govern", a brief history of the Bahamas, including pirates and wreckers, the American Civil War, the effect of Prohibition, and commenting on the residents and WSC's memories of the islands; "The American Problem" on United States prosperity,...
Dates: 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open

Speeches, 1953-04 - 1955-11

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SPRS 7/20
Scope and Contents

Manuscript and typescript speech notes on subjects including: Roger Bannister; the success of the Institute of Directors; ELS’s own writing work; the mistake of being bound too closely to France; has France a future?; Winston Churchill, including a review of the final volume of his war memoirs; a review of Major-General Gerald Verney’s history of the Seventh Armoured Division, the 'Desert Rats'; Marshal Philippe Petain and the 1917 mutinies in the French army.

Dates: 1953-04 - 1955-11
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.