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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 73 Collections and/or Records:

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Acquired Papers: Letters and telegrams from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 1915 - 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/120
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1915 - 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Articles, 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SPRS 7/19
Scope and Contents

Typescript and manuscript texts and drafts on subjects including: the mutinies of French soldiers in 1917; the career of Sir Winston Churchill; relations between Britain and France over Syria and Lebanon during the war; the Arab world today; Major-General Sir John Davidson’s book on 1st Lord Haig, "Haig Master of the Field"; the danger of politicians being over-swayed by public opinion.

Dates: 1953
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Cabinet papers on naval policy and naval statistics, 1917-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/MCKN 7/1
Scope and Contents

Includes: memorandum by Winston Churchill on naval war policy, particularly the ineffectiveness of the distant blockade and the Navy's defensive approach, while submarines were attacking commercial shipping, and the advantages of inshore offensives from an overseas base close to Germany, such as the Frisian Islands, Borkum or Sylt; comparative tables for the Anglo-American and German fleets, supplied by Churchill.

Dates: 1917-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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"From the Dardanelles", 1915-02-20 - 1915-12-13

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 7/11/2
Scope and Contents Written from Paris, M.M. Paquebot, H.M.S. Dartmouth, H.M.S. Hussar, H.M.S. Euryalus, Moudros on Lemnos and H.M.S. Europa. Subjects include work done to make Lemnos a naval and military base, Wemyss' work at the Court Room on Lemnos, the small loss of life in British naval ships, the censorship of letters, the retirement of Sir Winston Churchill and Sir John Fisher, Wemyss' views of Australian, American and French troops, his hopes that the Bosphorus and Dardanelles will be...
Dates: 1915-02-20 - 1915-12-13
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Letters to Lady Wester Wemyss, 1920 - 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 7/12
Scope and Contents Written from Hotel Vouillemont and the Travellers' Club in Paris, 94 Piccadilly, the Naval & Military Club, the Royal Automobile Club, 59 Pont Street and the Beefsteak Club in London, Wemyss Castle in Fife, Wrotham Park in Hertfordshire, H.M. Dockyard in Portsmouth, Hopetoun House near Edinburgh and Innischonain in Argyll. Subjects include the attitude of Germany to the Peace, Home Rule in Ireland, the attempt to get to the bottom of the fraudulent pamphlet 'The Jewish Peril',...
Dates: 1920 - 1923
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Literary., Mar 1927 - Nov 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/215
Scope and Contents Offprint of WSC's article in the Pall Mall Magazine entitled "The Bulldog and the Tiger: a day with [Georges] Clemenceau amid the bursting shrapnel of the French battlefields" on WSC's visit to the Western Front with [2nd] Duke of Westminster which includes WSC's opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson.Corrected proofs for WSC's article entitled "H G Wells and the British Empire" in which WSC criticises Wells' opinions and discusses world trade and the...
Dates: Mar 1927 - Nov 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/280
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of various articles by WSC for the Sunday Chronicle: "With The Grenadiers" on WSC's time on the Western Front with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, meetings with [1st Lord Ypres, earlier] Sir John French and conditions in the trenches; an article about George Bernard Shaw in which WSC describes his relationship with Shaw and Shaw's career; "A Man's Hobbies" on WSC's pastimes including painting and "Men Who Change Their Minds" on politicians who alter their...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/281
Scope and Contents Proofs, newspaper cuttings and research notes for various articles by WSC for the Daily Telegraph: "Fleets of Britain and America" on the naval building programmes of Great Britain and the United States; "Mr Churchill on the abuse of the dole" on WSC's opinions of the dole, the live register of unemployment and national insurance; a series of articles on "The Crucial Crises of the [First World] War" on the Battle of the Marne [France], Admiral [John] De Robeck and the minefields at the...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/283
Scope and Contents

Proofs and offprints of articles by WSC about World War I for Collier's Magazine and the Daily Telegraph including: "Panic in the East" on attacks on Germany by Russian forces; "[Field Marshal von] Ludendorff at Tannenberg" on the Battle of Tannenberg [Stebark, Poland]; "The man who saved Paris [France]" about General [Joseph] Gallieni; "The mystery of the Marne" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The mission of Colonel Hentsch" and "Ludendorff's last card".

Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles 2., Feb 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/499
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "The Last Night of the Old World" on the beginning of the First World War; "The Dominance of Nationalism" on the power of nationalism; "Cavalcade 1909-1934" on changes since 1909; "Broadcasting as an Influence in Politics" on the use of radio in elections; an obituary for Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough; the foreword to the reprint of John Paget's "Examen"; the foreword to Paul Maze's "A Frenchman in Khaki".Also includes:...
Dates: Feb 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Feb 1934 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/500
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Clive of India" on the achievements of Robert Clive; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "The Greatest Half-Hour in our History" on the Magna Carta; "This Year's Royal Academy is Exhilarating" on the 1934 exhibition; "Great Deeds that gave us the Empire" celebrating Empire Day; "How I would procure peace" on the futility of the current foreign policy and need to rearm; "August 4, 1914" on the beginning of the First World War...
Dates: Feb 1934 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles, News of the World 1., Jan 1936 - Feb 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/541
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Great Men of Our Time": "Kitchener" on 1st Lord Kitchener of Khartoum [Sudan]; "Admiral Fisher" on 1st Lord Fisher; "King George V"; "Sir John French" on 1st Lord Ypres; "Douglas Haig" on 1st Lord Haig; "Asquith" on 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith [earlier Herbert Asquith].Also includes: "Truth about the Bacon Letters", a cutting of an article by Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon in answer to WSC's article on Fisher.

Dates: Jan 1936 - Feb 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Corrections to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., 14 Feb 1927 - 01 Nov 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/212
Scope and Contents Correspondence with representatives of several organisations about corrections to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis" including: Thornton Butterworth Limited about the inclusion of erratum slips about casualty statistics; [Basil] Liddell Hart; [Brigadier General] James Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] (4); John Balderston of the New York World about the number of American divisions on the Western Front; [Alfred] Gordon Robbins of the Times; [1st Lord] Beatty [Admiral of...
Dates: 14 Feb 1927 - 01 Nov 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence., 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/210
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Albert, Bishop of Liverpool; H G Wells praising "The World Crisis" and WSC as a historian (2); [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston]; [Charles, 9th] Duke of Marlborough about WSC's plans to write about John, 1st Duke of Marlborough; [1st Lord] Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet]; Ernle Chatfield [3rd Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy] about the weaponry of Battle Cruisers as demonstrated in action at Heligoland, Dogger Bank and Jutland; [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor...
Dates: 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence concerning corrections to and research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., Nov 1926 - Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/204
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet] (2); Kenneth Dewar [of the Naval Staff Intelligence Division](2); J L Garvin (2); Bernard Baruch on subjects including WSC's treatment of President [Woodrow] Wilson, the supply of munitions from the United States and the work of the Allied Purchasing Commission; Sir Herbert Creedy [Under Secretary of State for War]; Reginald Hume [Acting Military Attache to the British Embassy in Berlin, Germany] on numbers of casualties (6);...
Dates: Nov 1926 - Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence concerning "The Eastern Front", Volume 5 of "The World Crisis"., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/270
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: [Brigadier General James] Edmonds (7); WSC's researcher Charles Hordern (8) and Sir George Franckenstein.Includes copies of letters from WSC to the individuals mentioned above and to Thornton Butterworth Limited and the Times about the possible serialisation of the book. Also includes chapter outlines and an article by Field Marshal von Ludendorff criticising WSC's account of the Battle of Tannenberg [Stebark, Poland].

Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence concerning "The Eastern Front", Volume 5 of "The World Crisis"., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/287
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Hordern, WSC's researcher, on various subjects including the correction of proofs (23); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (2) on various subjects including a request that his name should not appear in connection with the book; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence] (4) on suggested corrections to proofs; Butler and Tanner Limited on the preparation of proofs of the...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Literary: "Great Contemporaries": copy., 04 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/578
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs, copy and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "The Truth About Douglas Haig"; on 1st Lord Haig; "Mr Lloyd George" on David Lloyd George; "Boris Savinkov" on his part in the Russian army on the Eastern Front, and fighting against the Bolsheviks; "Lord Ypres" on Sir John French; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "Trotsky" on Leon Trotsky; "Hindenburg" on Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg; "The Tragic Story of Parnell" on Charles Parnell; "Lawrence of Arabia" on T E...
Dates: 04 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "Great Contemporaries": correspondence., 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/548
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Madeleine Clemenceau Jacquemaire on WSC's account of her father Georges Clemenceau; Adam Marshall Diston on research on Neville Chamberlain and 1st Lord Curzon (4); "Eddie" [Sir Edward Marsh] (3); "Ettie" [Ethel, Lady Desborough] (2); Clifford Norton [Foreign Office] advising on the toning down of the chapter on Hitler for fear of offending Germany; 1st Lord Wigram [Keeper of the King's Archives] on T E Lawrence's refusal of the C B; 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord...
Dates: 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 22 Jun 1937 - 17 Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/580
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Joseph Chamberlain"; "Sir John French" on 1st Lord Ypres, as Commander in Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France 1914-1915; "John Morley" on Lord Morley of Blackburn.

Dates: 22 Jun 1937 - 17 Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 19 May 1937 - 02 Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/581
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Hindenburg" on Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg's role in the First World War; "Boris Savinkov" on his role in the Russian army on the Eastern Front, and fighting against the Bolsheviks; "Marshal Foch" on Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch on the Western Front; "Herbert Henry Asquith" on 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith.

Dates: 19 May 1937 - 02 Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.