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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 138 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/300
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings of various articles: "Run down by a motor" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "The dole" on unemployment and Labour Party policy; "Nothing but humbug" on political affairs and the likelihood of a General Election; "India insistent" a review of a book by Sir Harcourt Butler on British policy and problems in India; "The two issues now before the nation" on the position of the British empire, fiscal policy and a meeting between Ramsay MacDonald and David...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Hearst Newspapers., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/303
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on: the United States of Europe (including European affairs, trade, the Treaty of Versailles [France] and the positions of the United States and Canada); British industry; the Austro-German customs union; the fall of King Alfonso XIII and the monarchy in Spain; the League of Nations; "America Beware!" on economic affairs in the United States; the economic collapse of Europe; the likelihood of war in Europe and the forthcoming General...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/301
Scope and Contents Includes research notes, proofs and cuttings relating to various articles: notes by Professor F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] predicting scientific and technical advances over the following 50 years; "Humours of electioneering" on WSC's experience of local elections and the suffragettes; an article on King Alfonso XIII of Spain (including newspaper cuttings on the King's death); an article about Lord Balfour (including an obituary of Balfour); "Cartoons and Cartoonists" on WSC's...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Mar 1935 - Nov 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/519
Scope and Contents Proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "To-day's Great Problems at Home and Abroad" on the threat of war; "The Grave Weakness of Britain's Defences" on the need to build up the Forces; "The Miracle of Our Balanced Budgets" on changes to the economy since 1929, and the contradictions between economic problems and a balanced budget; "Is Parliament Merely a Talking Shop?" on government by debate and the influence of Socialist and Irish members of Parliament; "What is the...
Dates: Mar 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence concerning articles by WSC in the Daily Mail., 14 Apr 1929 - 02 Jun 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/229
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: [1st] Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (4) suggesting that WSC should write for the Daily Mail on issues connected with the General Election and Douglas Crawford of the Daily Mail.Also includes material on the influence of the press over elections.

Dates: 14 Apr 1929 - 02 Jun 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence concerning "My Early Life"., Oct 1946 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/35
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Viola [Violet] Lady Apsley [earlier Violet Bathurst] on quoting WSC on fox-hunting (2); representatives of Odhams Press Limited including [William] Surrey Dane [Vice-Chairman and Managerial Consultant] (15); representatives of the BBC (17); Allen Lane of Penguin Books offering to publish the book; Sir George Bull; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); B W Cummins, honorary editor of the Swimming Times, on quoting WSC on swimming (5). Also...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: galley proofs for "Victory" containing 61 of WSC's war and general election speeches dating from January to August 1945., 1945 - [1946]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/69
Scope and Contents

WSC's notes and source material for many of these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/167-70 and CHAR 9/205-9.

Dates: 1945 - [1946]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/648
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "First Political Triumph, A Ban by the Duchess, Trouble with My Party Chiefs, Free Trade War Starts" on his return from the Boer War, victory at Oldham [Lancashire] in the 1900 General Election, obtaining his father's papers for the biography of Lord Randolph Churchill, and the opening of the Free Trade versus Protection debate; "I Was Warned that I Should be Called a Turncoat" on his dispute with Joseph Chamberlain and the Conservative Party,...
Dates: Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/697
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My adventures with the guerrilla fighters" on WSC's experiences during the rebellion against the Spanish in Cuba; "First things I remember" on his earliest memories of Ireland, Elizabeth Everest, his mother [Lady Randolph Churchill], Ventnor [Isle of Wight], [William] Gladstone's election victory in 1880, and his schooling at Brighton [Sussex]; "The man who gave me my first cabinet post" on WSC's memories of Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 10 "Sanctions against Italy [1935]": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/84
Scope and Contents Includes typescript, manuscript, and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: [William] Deakin [literary assistant], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], WSC, [secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt], "Van" [1st Lord Vansittart], and "O S" [Sir Orme Sargent, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs].Also includes: typescript and galley proofs ("superseded proofs") of contemporary letters from WSC, Lord Cranborne [earlier Robert Gascoyne Cecil,...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War: Volume 6 "Triumph and Tragedy" Book 2 "The Iron Curtain", Chapter 35 "The End of the Coalition"., Dec 1950 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/375
Scope and Contents

Typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 35 "The End of the Coalition" (formerly titled "The General Election") annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various people including WSC, Denis Kelly, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall and Charles Wood .Also includes typescript copy of Clement Attlee's letter to WSC, 21 May 1945, rejecting the continuation of the Coalition until after the defeat of Japan.

Dates: Dec 1950 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Thoughts and Adventures."., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/319
Scope and Contents Proofs and offprints of WSC's articles which were collectively published as "Thoughts and Adventures" including: "Winston Churchill described the Battle of Sidney Street" on his actions as Home Secretary; "In the air" on WSC's personal experiences of flying and his encouragement of the development of military aviation while First Lord of the Admiralty; "My own spy story" on espionage during World War I and WSC's experiences on the Western Front; "Plugstreet" on his posting to Ploegsteert...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration., 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Gordon Wilson and Paul Beards (Private Secretaries, War Office) on South African war graves; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (6); R A Butler [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Harold Macmillan [later Lord Stockton, Minister of Housing and Local Government]; Duncan Sandys [Minister of Supply] (2); Christopher Soames [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister]; John Colville [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on subjects...
Dates: 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence., 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Mule" [Sarah Oliver, earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, then Sarah, Lady Audley] on subjects including her visit to Canada and her wedding to Antony Beauchamp (16); "Alex", 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis [Governor-General of Canada]; Bernard Baruch; CSC on subjects including WSC's leadership of the Conservative Party, Chartwell [Kent] and Sarah (12); Antony Beauchamp; Hugh [? Frewen]; Oswald Frewen (2); Amy Guest (4); Raymond Guest; Sir Shane Leslie (3);...
Dates: 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence A - J., 29 Nov 1949 - 23 May 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); "Mule" [Sarah Beauchamp, earlier Sarah Churchill, then Sarah Oliver, later Sarah, Lady Audley] (15); Antony Beauchamp on subjects including hopes for WSC's re-election (4); CSC on subjects including Chartwell [Kent], and avoiding offence to Queen Juliana [? of the Netherlands] (52); "Bendor" [2nd Duke of Westminster]; Diana Sandys [earlier Diana Churchill, later Diana Bailey]; Mary Soames [earlier Mary...
Dates: 29 Nov 1949 - 23 May 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence, George Spencer-Churchill - F., 11 Jun 1950 - 01 Jun 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/51
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Spencer-Churchill; John G Churchill (6); CSC (2); Peregrine Churchill; Randolph Churchill, on subjects including his election campaign at Devonport [Plymouth, Devon] and his relations with WSC (24); June Churchill (2); Arabella Churchill (2); Pamela Churchill [later Pamela Harriman] (3);Winston Churchill (9); 9th Lord de la Warr [earlier Lord Buckhurst], Postmaster General; Vivienne Entwistle, on taking photographs of WSC (9); Hugh Frewen (5); Oswald Frewen, on...
Dates: 11 Jun 1950 - 01 Jun 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence R-T., Jan 1935 - Dec 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ralph Gould on WSC becoming President of Epping and District Branch of the Scientific Poultry Breeders' Association Ltd. (4); Sir James Hawkey, Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association (3); Ellen Stutely [a local party worker] (7).Other subjects include: European rearmament; Indian affairs; permission to fish at Chartwell; a pension query from a constituent; local transport issues; Abyssinia [Ethiopia]; WSC's perceived lack of support for the National...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: E Crosfield Pearson on canvassing support for WSC (6); E Pappadimitrou on Japan (2); William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Association on demonstrations by suffragettes, including Annie Kenney and [Christabel] Pankhurst, against Sir Edward Grey (4).Other subjects include: Free Trade; preparations for the General Election and predictions about Liberal successes; WSC's support for local associations, clubs and events; and discussion of issues connected with...
Dates: 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., Jan 1906 - Dec 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Federation (18) on subjects including arrangements for the election (2); E Crosfield Pearson (4); Lord Loreburn [earlier Sir Robert Reid]; 2nd Duke of Westminster; Fred Brierley on the issues of importance to the Manchester electorate including socialism, Chinese labour in South Africa, education, Free Trade and Ireland (2); James Southern (6); William Westbrook on WSC's recommendations for local magistrates; Sir...
Dates: Jan 1906 - Dec 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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