Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Literary: "Short Biographies": proofs 1., [Dec] 1929 - 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/590
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on Europe without trade barriers and the benefits of solidarity; "The Abuse of the Dole" on the political importance of unemployment figures and the abuse of the unemployment insurance system; "The American Mind and Ours" on the importance of business in the United States at the expense of politics, and on the difference between American and British attitudes; "Ramsay Macdonald" as Prime Minister and on his alliance with...
Dates: [Dec] 1929 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Short Biographies": proofs 2., 1930 - 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/591
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: an untitled article on the bad effects of independence for the Philippines; "Edward VIII" on Hector Bolitho's book on Edward, [Edward, Duke of Windsor, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales and Edward VIII]; "The Abuse of the Dole" on the political importance of the unemployment figures and the abuse of the unemployment insurance system; "The United States of Europe" on a Europe without trade barriers and the benefits of solidarity; "Unlucky Alfonso" on...
Dates: 1930 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C., Dec 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (8); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary [to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland] (2); Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (2); Sir Arthur Young, Scottish Unionist Whip (2); 11th Lord Scarbrough [earlier Sir Lawrence Lumley]; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin], Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party, on...
Dates: Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/38A-C
Scope and Contents Danish proofs for WSC's speeches (9 - 11 October, Copenhagen [Denmark]). Also includes letter from Paul Monrad, publisher of the speeches in Denmark.Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 October, Copenhagen University) entitled "Honorary Degree Conferment" (of WSC's honorary doctorate of philosophy) on Britain's debt to the ancient Danes, WSC's own perseverance after the academic failures of his youth, the privilege of university education, the balance between sciences and arts, the advantages...
Dates: 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/49A-C
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's broadcast (4 October, London) entitled "King George VI Memorial Fund Appeal", on the national memorial for the King, his interest in children's welfare, funding a statue of the King and a foundation for the care of children and the elderly. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8409 - 10.Speech notes, typescript and transcripts for WSC's speech (11 October, Conservative Annual Conference, the Spa, Scarborough [Yorkshire]) entitled "The First Year" on subjects including:...
Dates: 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 February), for the debate on the address on the programme of Government legislation, the Trade Unions Bill, the situation in China and Britain's attitude to the Soviet Union. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4140 - 4148.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (11 April), on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund,...
Dates: 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/76
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (2 July), entitled "Emergency Power", on the coal dispute, the 8 Hours Bill, wages, the Labour Party's vote of censure against the Government, the miners' refusal to come to terms, and the results of the strike. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4014 - 4024.Speech notes for WSC's statement (15 July), entitled "Finance Bill (Betting Duty)", on the expected revenue from the tax, and different rates for racecourses and betting offices. Published:...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material, print and press cutting., 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/75A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 April) on the choice between an indefinite coal subsidy or a General Strike, and maintaining essential services in a strike. Source material includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister] on [Ramsay MacDonald, Leader of the Labour Party]'s attitude to the subsidy, a copy of a letter from Walter Citrine, Secretary, Trades Union Congress General Council, on the distribution of essential foodstuffs, and a press cutting reporting a statement by Arthur...
Dates: 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and Hansard., 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/93A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (26 January), entitled "India - 'A Frightful Prospect'" on poor recent handling of Indian affairs, Indian hopes for Dominion status and a Federal Government, parallels with South Africa and Ireland and the effects of losing India. Also includes an extract from Hansard reporting the debate. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4947 - 4956.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 January), entitled "'Cut Its Dirty Throat' - Trade Disputes and...
Dates: 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/32A-C
Scope and Contents Press Association transcript and press cutting from the Sevenoaks News reporting WSC's election address (11 February, Sevenoaks [Kent] Constitutional Club) on the Labour threat to the economy and the Empire. Also includes transcript of comments by Ness Edwards [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Labour and National Service] on WSC's responsibility for sending in troops during the miners' strike at [Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales, 1910]. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 7935 -...
Dates: 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/43A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election campaign (30 September - 10 October) on subjects including the grim economic outlook, regaining Britain's prestige abroad, the advantages of not winning the last election and improving the National Health Service. Source material includes: notes by 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] on the National Health Service, national unity and peace through strength, the tone of WSC's election broadcast, rearmament, Labour attempts to take credit for...
Dates: 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (15 October, Huddersfield Town Hall [Yorkshire]) on subjects including: the decision by the Colne Valley [Yorkshire] Conservatives to support a Liberal candidate to stop Labour from winning the seat; the duty of all Conservatives and Liberals to combine against Labour; a tribute to Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet Lady Bonham- Carter, later Violet, Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Liberal candidate for Colne Valley;...
Dates: 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and press cuttings., 27 Nov 1926 - 06 May 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/80
Scope and Contents Print of the speeches (3 January, Wolfe Society Bicentenary Dinner, Savoy Hotel, London), including a speech by WSC, entitled "Canada" on changes in the constitution of the Empire and Canada's part in the Empire. Also includes speeches by Edward, Prince of Wales [later Edward VIII, then Edward, Duke of Windsor], Sir Charles Warde, President of the society, Peter Larkin, High Commissioner for Canada, 7th Lord Stanhope, Vice-President of the society, and a telegram from MacKenzie King, Prime...
Dates: 27 Nov 1926 - 06 May 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/73
Scope and Contents Print of WSC's speech (25 April, Royal Naval Division War Memorial unveiling ceremony, Admiralty Building, London). Also includes a note from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Freyberg. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3554 - 3556.Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 May, Primrose League Demonstration, Albert Hall, London) on the founding of the League, conditions now facing Conservatives, the Budget and foreign policy. Also includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister], regretting his...
Dates: 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/78
Scope and Contents Print and partial typescript of WSC's speech (14 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet, Mansion House, London), entitled "War Debts" on the mysteries of finance, the need for a stable currency and economy, the settlement of France's debt and the whole principle of war debts, the effects of the coal dispute and Trade Union involvement in politics. Also includes a press cutting from the City Press reporting the banquet. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4038 - 4042.Typescript and speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
  • 1
  • 2