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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: notes and cuttings for Sunday Dispatch articles., 1934 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/673
Scope and Contents Includes lists of articles by WSC for possible publication in the Sunday Dispatch and cuttings from earlier articles by WSC: "Premiers on the Sick List", dismissing the strains of being Prime Minister; "What's Wrong With Parliament" on the need for parliamentary reform; "I Always Took Chances" on his childhood rashness; "Open Letter to a Communist" on his disapproval of dictatorship in the Soviet Union and Germany; "The Blackcoat Tragedy" on the decline of the middle classes; "India and the...
Dates: 1934 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., [1929] - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/235
Scope and Contents

Proofs of Chapter 4 entitled "Russia Forlorn" on the Russian revolution and the rise of Bolshevism. Corrected by WSC.

Dates: [1929] - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various material., 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/143A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War", from individuals including: General Alphonse Georges on the French Air Force, 1930 - 1940; Alan Gomme-Duncan [earlier Alan Duncan]; Michael Joy, Foreign Office; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on records of Soviet support for the Allies in 1938; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine] on meetings with WSC concerning Soviet support in 1938; 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence., 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/223
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colonel Minnegerode of the New York Times about the serialisation of Volume 4 of "The World Crisis", "The Aftermath"; Sir James Henderson-Stewart; Lucy Wise on the visit of Sir Frederic Wise to Germany to report on the country's financial position to the Peace Conference; Professor Leslie Hearnshaw; Henry Forster (3); [Major] Desmond Morton; [Brigadier General James] Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] (6); Commander Taprell Dorling (4); Peter...
Dates: 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath" [Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]., 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/217
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence with: Owen O Malley, WSC's researcher (3); Desmond Morton (1); Alexander Watt of A P Watt and Sons (5); Nevile Bland (1); [Brigadier General] James Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] 2); Sir Warren Fisher (1); James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on approving the contents of "The Aftermath"; "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later Lord Thurso] criticising WSC's representation of the Bolsheviks as "utterly inhuman, the...
Dates: 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/222
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on subjects including the blockade and starvation of Germany after the armistice (4); David Lloyd George on his role in negotiations in Ireland, and on policy regarding Greece and [Eleutherios] Venizelos, Turkey and Russia [the Soviet Union]; Lord Cecil of Chelwood; Lionel Curtis; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence]; Hubert Carr-Gomm; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: WSC's articles for the Daily Mail., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/339
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC: "Gordon: a Christian hero's sacrifice" on the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum [Sudan] in defiance of government orders; "Ireland" on the electoral success of [Eamon] De Valera and Anglo-Irish relations; an article on the Soviet Union including comments on communism, food shortages and embargoes imposed by the British government; a review of J L Garvin's biography of Joseph Chamberlain; "August 4, 1914: a nation transformed" on the effect of...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - N., 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/163A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon [President, Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society] on animal rescue; Roy Harrod on "The Gathering Storm" [Volume 1, "The Second World War"], his own political position and his biography of 1st Lord Keynes [earlier John Maynard Keynes] (3); Sir James Hawley on revoking WSC's deed of covenant in favour of his late wife (2); Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans]; Agatha, Lady Hindlip; Violet Hoare on her son's death in Malaya...
Dates: 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.