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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 16 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., c 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/641
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings for: an interview with WSC for the New Statesman and Nation, in which he defends western democracies against totalitarianism, discusses the possible effect of war on the democratic system and civil liberties, and his views on the inadequacies of ARP, conscription, and how to prevent war; the introduction to a catalogue of the artist Paul Maze, in which WSC recalls Maze during World War I (with a copy of a catalogue for a French exhibition...
Dates: c 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance, some offering their services., 07 Oct 1938 - 24 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/604A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harry Rayner (2) sending a poem and commenting on Japan; [Herbert] Swope; D [?J] MacDonald [a Dundee Liberal]; "R F H" [Roy Harrod] on a portrait of Neville Chamberlain in the Oxford Carlton Club; "Alec" [Alexander] Dickson on the situation in Czechoslovakia; Sir James Berry; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; Lynn Ungoed-Thomas.Subjects covered by the file include: WSC's House of Commons speech of 5 October; matters concerning national defence; the German threat...
Dates: 07 Oct 1938 - 24 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, H-Z., Aug 1948 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/27
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [William] Stephen King-Hall, Chairman, the Hansard Society for Parliamentary Government (2); (administrative) representatives of the United Europe Movement (8); Dr Robert Borel, Director-General of the International Committee for the Study of European Questions (4); Barbara Blamey (14) and Freda Smith (4) [Duncan Sandy's secretaries]; Duncan Sandys (2); Don Salvador de Madariaga on Spain; Stanislaw Mikolajczyk [former Prime Minister of Poland] on Polish reporting of...
Dates: Aug 1948 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war.Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes., 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/124
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (1 June) on the finance bill, taxation, and objecting to the method of raising the proposed National Defence Contribution. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5857-67.Notes for WSC's speech (15 July) supporting the government and objecting to the opposition motion of censure on non-intervention in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5870-4.Notes for WSC's speech (19 July) expressing his concern about the mounting of heavy howitzer cannons near Gibraltar,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/112A-B
Scope and Contents WSC's notes for the defence debate (11 March) on defence spending and German military strength.Notes for WSC's speech (19 March) on the relative strengths of the German and British air forces, questioning figures previously quoted by Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin]. Source material includes cuttings from the Daily Telegraph. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5543-51.Notes for WSC's speech (2 May) on foreign policy, the Stresa [Italy] conference, the German threat in Europe,...
Dates: 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/113
Scope and Contents Brief notes for WSC's speech (22 May) on a speech by Adolf Hitler, and comparing German and British military strength. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5610-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (31 May) entitled "Deepening and Darkening Danger" on Germany's threat and influence in Europe. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5624-7.Notes for WSC's speech (5 June) on his continued doubts about the Government of India Bill, the role of the Indian Princes and Civil Service in the scheme, and...
Dates: 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/137
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (3 June, Woodford Wells and Wanstead [Essex]) on the Thetis submarine disaster, maintaining a strong policy against Germany, and Czech gold. Also includes cutting from the Walthamstow [Essex] Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6138-9.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May, Corn Exchange, Cambridge) entitled "The new army" on the Conscription Act and uniting against the Nazi and Fascist powers both domestically and internationally. Also...
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material [dated 1939 unless otherwise indicated]., [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/136
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, House of Commons) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6128-37 [further notes in CHAR 9/135].Typed report of WSC's speech (1 February, Buckhurst Hill [Essex]) on Germany, the international situation, and civil defence. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6063-4.Typed report of WSC's speech (10 March, Chigwell [Essex])...
Dates: [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/126
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Caxton Hall [Westminster, Conservative Party meeting]), moving the motion for Neville Chamberlain's [Prime Minister] election to the Conservative Party leadership and praising his achievements as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5856-7.Notes for WSC's speech (11 June, [London] Australia Club Dinner) proposing a toast to the Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons, and commenting on naval security in the Far East and Singapore....
Dates: 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.