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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 78 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Acquired Papers. Letters and telegrams from various correspondents to Lady Randolph Churchill concerning WSC's capture and escape from the Boers. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 1899

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/69
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1899
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Literary: Articles., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/338
Scope and Contents Proofs and cutting of various articles and short pieces by WSC: an introduction to a biography of 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] by 2nd Lord Birkenhead [earlier Frederick Smith]; "Great fighters in lost causes" on the careers of various historical figures; "Shakespeare's plays as short stories: Julius Caesar"; "Life - the greatest secret of all and how to tackle all its trials and problems"; "England. My England" in which WSC dwells on his pride in his country; "If I lived my life...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence concerning "My Early Life"., Oct 1946 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/35
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Viola [Violet] Lady Apsley [earlier Violet Bathurst] on quoting WSC on fox-hunting (2); representatives of Odhams Press Limited including [William] Surrey Dane [Vice-Chairman and Managerial Consultant] (15); representatives of the BBC (17); Allen Lane of Penguin Books offering to publish the book; Sir George Bull; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); B W Cummins, honorary editor of the Swimming Times, on quoting WSC on swimming (5). Also...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Material used in WSC's book "My Early Life"., 1899 - [1929]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/284
Scope and Contents

Includes notes about the Boer War, the treatment of rebels in South Africa and sport at Harrow school. Also includes transcripts of letters to WSC from [3rd Lord] Salisbury, [Evelyn, 1st Lord] Cromer criticising WSC's writing, Albert Edward [Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII] on WSC's letters to the Daily Telegraph concerning battles on the North West Frontier in India and a letter from "De Profundis" [?to the Harrovian] concerning conditions at Harrow school.

Dates: 1899 - [1929]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Nov 1942 - Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Henry Morton on WSC's escape from the Boers; Antony Brett-James; Winifred Bull on her WSC quotation calendars (4); Randolph Churchill on Collier's magazine taking colour pictures of WSC; Sir Charles Petrie (2); John Lockhart; Allen Lane of Penguin Books (2); representatives of H A and W L Pitkin Limited (11) on subjects including reproducing a 1941 letter from King George VI to WSC and various of their publications; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; Sir Norman...
Dates: Nov 1942 - Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/647
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Life Story", an introduction to WSC's autobiography, his childhood, education, entry into the Army and early career in India; "I Charge with the Lancers" on his experiences trying to go to the Sudan, Lord Kitchener's opposition, meeting [Robert, 3rd] Lord Salisbury, and taking part in the "last great charge of British cavalry"; "When I was a Prisoner of War", an brief account of the origins of the Boer War, WSC's experiences in action on...
Dates: Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/703
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Are there men on the moon?" on the necessary conditions for life to develop outside the Earth; "The Ides of March", William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" rewritten as a short story; "India - as I knew it" on WSC's memories of his time in India as an officer in the 4th Hussars; "I prayed" on WSC's experiences on the run from captivity by the Boers; "What do you know about yourself?" on the digestive system, the liver, the nervous system and the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Tit-Bits articles by WSC., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/654
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Tit-bits for: "I Was a Prisoner of War" (2 parts) on WSC's capture by the Boers, his subsequent escape from a prisoner of war camp, his experiences on the run, and his luck in seeking refuge in a British home; "I am a Prisoner in a Mine" on his experiences hiding in a mine; "My Nightmare Journey" on his escape on board a goods train bound for the Portuguese frontier; "It's Splendid to be Free" on his escape into Portuguese territory, his reception at the British...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Personal: South Africa: Correspondence., 1900

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/26
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include Joseph Cheetham; Joseph Chamberlain; Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson; Captain Percy Scott; Colonel Neville Chamberlain.File also includes WSC's certificate of service with the South African Light Horse, Jan-Mar 1900, signed by Lt-Colonel Julian Byng [later Lord Byng of Vimy].

Dates: 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Sep 1948 - Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Mummery, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (9); H J Backwell, Deputy Regional Petroleum Officer, Ministry of Fuel and Power (9); [Arthur] Halls, Private Secretary [to the President of] the Board of Trade; [Christopher] Fogarty [Assistant Principal] HM Treasury; [Derek] Stephen [Assistant Principal] War Office (2); Herbert Truelove, Honorary Secretary, Chigwell [Essex] Urban District Chamber of Commerce (6); Reginald Maudling of...
Dates: Sep 1948 - Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 173-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a potentially living individual until 1 January 2024.
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, A-B. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Oct 1940 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/471A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] (2) commenting on a book on WSC from the Alliance Press and a special edition of the Cuban paper Avance; Sir John Hammerton of Amalgamated Press Limited (2) sending a book "Other things than war" and an encyclopaedia of the war; [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office sending on an Arabic translation of the Gospel of St Matthew; Brigadier-General Cecil Aspinall-Oglander sending a "Victory" potato;...
Dates: Oct 1940 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, R., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/477
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Betram Rumble, Honorary Secretary of the Air Force Benevolent Fund on obtaining WSC's signature (2). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and "E S L" [Elizabeth Layton], [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries, Edith] Watson and "J M M" [John Martin], CSC and [her secretary] "G H" [Grace Hamblin], and "C R T" [Charles Thompson, Personal Assistant to WSC].Other subjects include: various gifts and items sent or offered to...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, S., Dec 1942 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/478
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys sending on a pamphlet by [General Sir Bernard] Montgomery; Archdeacon of Quebec [Canada, Frederick] Scott sending copies of poems (2); Gladys Storey on her Bovril Fund; Lisa Sheridan, photographer, on taking photographs of WSC (5). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and "E S L" [Elizabeth Layton], [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries] Leslie Rowan, Francis [Brown], [Edith] Watson, and "J H P" [John...
Dates: Dec 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/479A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office (2) and [Philip] Mitchell, Managing Director, Royal Mail House, (3) on gifts to WSC of an atlas of Poland and a statuette from the Ukrainian Democratic Colony of Sao Paolo [Brazil]; [6th] Lord Clarendon [earlier Lord Hyde], Chairman Revenue Committee, Toc H (2) requesting WSC's patronage for an event and inviting him to a luncheon; Reverend [James] Tomlin on publishing an anecdote about WSC at school; [John] Perowne of the Foreign...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Greetings: Birthday greetings, 1899 - 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/491A-F
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning birthday greetings and good wishes following his fall) include: Joyce Hall; Winston Guest; Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand; John Peck; John Wilson [later 2nd Lord Moran]; Sir Albert Richardson, former President of the Royal Academy; Herbert Haseltine; Henry Laughlin; Maria Callas; Esmond [2nd Lord] Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth]; [Sir Alfred] Chester Beatty; Averell Harriman; Sir Hugh Tudor; Elizabeth Gilliatt; Sir [Edward] Spears; [1st Lord]...
Dates: 1899 - 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/417
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt] on rationing on the Riviera, France; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] (2); [Arnold] Heeney, Clerk of the Privy Council, Canada, on the Privy Council oath; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] and "B B" [Brendan Bracken, Prime Minister's Parliamentary Private Secretary] on the death of Ronald Cartland; Freda, Marquesa de Casa Maury [earlier Freda Dudley Ward], on a "health-giving lamp" and the Feathers Club (2); Robert...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Jul 1900

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/32/6
Scope and Contents

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Standerton [South Africa]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that despite skirmishes with the Boers and the Free Staters the regiment is "very bored and tired", reports that Olive Guthrie saw some fighting at Blomfontein, and comments on WSC's escape.

Dates: 02 Jul 1900
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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