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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 185 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1953 - Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/64A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston [United States] including President Henry Laughlin and Austin Olney (13) on subjects including a request to publish WSC's speech on hearing of his Nobel Prize award; representatives of Time-Life International including Daniel Longwell [former editor of Life Magazine] (10); representatives of the New York Times [United States] including Assistant Managing Editor Theodore Bernstein (8); Ernest Passant [Director of...
Dates: Oct 1953 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants (mainly volumes 5 and 6) and publishers and printers on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), A-F., Sep 1946 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/24A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (8); William Deakin (21) including (1) recommending Keith Feiling for work on "A History of the English speaking peoples"; Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary of the Cabinet from 1947] (9); Robert Marshall [Private Secretary to Norman Brook]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (4); representatives of Cassell and Company particularly directors Desmond Flower and Sir Newman Flower, and [Chief editor] Arthur Hayward (66);...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Marlborough: His Life and Times": correspondence., 16 Dec 1929 - 31 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/595
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Representatives of George G Harrap and Company (41) including Charles Wood on proof-reading matters for volume 4 of "Marlborough" (35), and George Harrap and Walter Harrap; "Waldyram" [12th Lord Waldegrave] on papers possibly relevant to WSC's research; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh on illustrations and proof-reading for the book (9); "Rock" [5th Lord Cholmondeley, earlier Lord Rocksavage] on an illustration for the book and his exercise programme for CSC; Keith Feiling (2)...
Dates: 16 Dec 1929 - 31 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Nov 1942 - Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Henry Morton on WSC's escape from the Boers; Antony Brett-James; Winifred Bull on her WSC quotation calendars (4); Randolph Churchill on Collier's magazine taking colour pictures of WSC; Sir Charles Petrie (2); John Lockhart; Allen Lane of Penguin Books (2); representatives of H A and W L Pitkin Limited (11) on subjects including reproducing a 1941 letter from King George VI to WSC and various of their publications; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; Sir Norman...
Dates: Nov 1942 - Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration., 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Gordon Wilson and Paul Beards (Private Secretaries, War Office) on South African war graves; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (6); R A Butler [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Harold Macmillan [later Lord Stockton, Minister of Housing and Local Government]; Duncan Sandys [Minister of Supply] (2); Christopher Soames [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister]; John Colville [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on subjects...
Dates: 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: Knight of the Garter: Congratulations., 24 Apr 1953 - 21 May 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents congratulating WSC on becoming a Knight of the Garter include: 4th Lord Abergavenny [earlier Guy Larnach-Nevill]; 12th Lord Airlie [earlier Lord Ogilvy], and Bridget, Lady Airlie; "Jimmy" [17th Duke of Alba]; 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg]; 1st Lord Waverley [earlier Sir John Anderson]; Lavinia, Lady Annaly; Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; Nancy, Lady Astor; Clement Attlee and Violet Attlee; 1st Lord Baillieu; Princess Marthe Bibesco; Margaret, Lady...
Dates: 24 Apr 1953 - 21 May 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc: Preparations for death and state funeral., Jan 1958 - Nov 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/137
Scope and Contents Correspondents on various aspects of the organisation of WSC's funeral and burial (code named "Operation Hope Not") include: David Stephens, Secretary of Appointments to Prime Minister (11); John Walker, Lancaster Herald, on invitations and arrangements at St Paul's Cathedral (23); Mary Soames [earlier Mary Churchill]; H Woods, vicar of Bladon [Oxfordshire] on WSC's burial; Sir Norman Brook, Secretary to the Cabinet; and Sir Anthony Wagner, Garter Principal King of Arms.Also includes notes...
Dates: Jan 1958 - Nov 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc: Preparations for death and state funeral., Jan 1962 - Dec 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/138
Scope and Contents Correspondents on various aspects of the organisation of WSC's funeral and burial (code named "Operation Hope Not") include: Dugald Malcolm, Her Majesty's Vice Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps (2); John Walker, Lancaster Herald, on the guest list (17); Rodney Dennys (10); Kenneth Macintosh, Secretary to the Lord Great Chamberlain, on arrangements for the lying in state at Westminster Hall (3); Burke Trend, Secretary to the Cabinet; Kenneth Jamieson; Major Sir Ian Jardine; [17th Lord] Sinclair...
Dates: Jan 1962 - Dec 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Financial: Lloyds Bank, First National Bank of New York [United States]., Aug 1951 - Jun 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/14A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence from: representatives of Lloyds Bank, Cox's and King's Branch, London, including Geoffrey Mason, on managing WSC's accounts (188); Richard Griffiths [Assistant Secretary, Treasury]; representatives of Fladgate and Company, including Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (9); Sverker Astrom [Counsellor at Swedish Embassy, London] on WSC's Nobel prize money; representatives of the First National Bank (4). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Jo...
Dates: Aug 1951 - Jun 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - D., 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/76A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (17); Peter Hudson, Private Secretary to the Minister of Transport (5); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman [Assistant Principal], Treasury; Stuart Mallinson; Gordon Wilson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; Arthur Hockaday, Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty; Stuart Gilbert, Private Secretary to the Minister of...
Dates: 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 199 - 203 and 269 - 273, closed for 75 years until 2029, and folios 79 - 83, closed for 100 years until 2054, on grounds of data protection due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on potentially living individuals.
 File

Public and political: Chancellorship of Bristol University., 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/168
Scope and Contents

Correspondence relating to WSC's installation as Chancellor.

Dates: 1929
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Series

Public and Political: General, 1945 - 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2
Scope and Contents The files assigned to this series fall naturally into sub-series or groups, most of which derive from an original classification, as follows:.Political.P(rivate) and P(ersonal).Visits.Patronage.Gifts.Greetings.Various.Even where there are original series the lines of distinction between them, as between this class and others, could not be made rigid and there are consequently doubtful cases and inconsistencies.POLITICAL The Political series (CHUR 2/1-139 and CHUR 2/506-517) consists of...
Dates: 1945 - 1965
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Public and Political: General: congratulations on WSC's appointment as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports., Sep 1941 - Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/430
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Charles] Tonks, Vicar of Walmer [Kent]; Marie, Lady Willingdon [earlier Marie Freeman-Thomas] also on Walmer Castle and her husband [1st Lord Willingdon], WSC's predecessor as Lord Warden; Jack, [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt]; [5th] Lord Harris [of Seringapatam and Mysore, and of Belmont, Kent]; [Pieter] Gerbrandy, [Prime Minister] of the Netherlands; General [Georges] Catroux [Commander-in-Chief Free French in Levant]; "Birdie", [1st] Lord Birdwood, also on Lord...
Dates: Sep 1941 - Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Coronation Committee., 1911 - Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/596
Scope and Contents Correspondents concerning the Privy Council Coronation Committee and arrangements for the coronations of [King Edward VIII, earlier Edward Prince of Wales and later Duke of Windsor (whose coronation did not take place) and King George VI] include: Eric Leadbitter, Senior Clerk of the Privy Council Office (2); Maurice Hankey [Cabinet Secretary]; Osmund Cleverly, Private Secretary to Prime Minister, appointing WSC as a member of the Privy Council Coronation Committee (2); Charles te Water,...
Dates: 1911 - Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/358A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Pears, President of the Society of Marine Artists (2); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on allegations of Nationalist atrocities in Spain; Group-Captain Lachlan Maclean (2); "Reggie" [Reginald Fellowes] (3); [James] Vincent Sheean; [Lionel] Archer Cust, Secretary, Royal Empire Society; 9th Lord de la Warr [President, Board of Education, earlier Lord Buckhurst]; Sir Horace Rumbold [former British Ambassador to Germany] on the Government's policy towards Hitler;...
Dates: 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence: Equine Defence League - Exmouth., Jun 1955 - Nov 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/554
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence from various organisations and individuals informing WSC of tributes paid to him or requesting his support for various projects. Correspondents include: Alfred Brisco, Secretary of the National Equine and Smaller Animals Defence League (3); Colonel Sir John Ruggles-Brise and Sir Stuart Mallinson (11) on WSC's support for the foundation of the University of Essex; Nicholas Fenn [Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary], Thomas Bridges [Private Secretary to...
Dates: Jun 1955 - Nov 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Gifts F-I., 1883 - Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/401A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning gifts to WSC) include: Maria Floris (3); Desmond Flower, Literary Director of Cassell and Company Limited; Dorothy Foot; Oswald Frewen; Louis Golding; Victor Gollancz; Colonel Maurice Grant (3); David Green (4); Amy Guest; John Gunther; 2nd Lord Haig [earlier Lord Dawick]; Hamish Hamilton, Managing Director of Hamish Hamilton Limited; Sir Roy Harrod; Herbert Haseltine (4); Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand; Lionel Horton-Smith; Henry Laughlin, Houghton...
Dates: 1883 - Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Knight of the Garter: congratulations., 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/466
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Graham, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland]; Sydney Tapper-Jones, Town Clerk of Cardiff [Wales]; [1st] Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson], Chairman of the Carlton Club; James Farley, Chairman of the Board, Coca Cola Export Corporation; Harriet Cohen; Noel Coward; [Frederick] Potter, Mayor of Deal [Kent]; Sir William Darling, Chairman of the Committee of Management of the Scottish Conservative Club; [Theodore] Feilden; Keith Feiling; "Gracie" Fields; Sir...
Dates: 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Knight of the Garter (installation): congratulations., 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/469
Scope and Contents Correspondents (congratulating WSC on his installation as a Knight of the Garter) include: Sir George Bellew, Garter Principal King of Arms; [Lord] Ivor [Guest]; Antonio Giraudier; Hadj Thami El Glaoui, Pasha of Marrakesh [Morocco]; James Greenwood; "Betty", Lady Hastings; Anne, Lady Islington; and Harold Soper (4) regarding WSC's garter plate.Also includes copies of correspondence from WSC to the individuals mentioned above; a photograph of WSC in garter robes; newspaper cuttings (including...
Dates: 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Nobel Prize: congratulations., 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/468A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents (congratulating WSC on receiving the Nobel Prize for literature) include: Winthrop Aldrich, United States Ambassador to Great Britain; Andrew Stark, Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary; Olaf Nobel; [James] Vincent Sheean; Joyce Hall; Francois Mauriac; Sir Alexander Korda; Eugene Meyer; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; King Peter II of Yugoslavia; Prince Bertil of Sweden; Louis St Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada; Konrad Adenauer [Federal Chancellor of Germany];...
Dates: 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Order of Merit: congratulations., Dec 1945 - Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/450
Scope and Contents Correspondents (congratulating WSC on receiving the Order of Merit) include: Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese; Sir David Maxwell-Fyfe [later 1st Lord Killmuir], Deputy Chief Prosecutor of Nazi war criminals; Charles Peat; General Sir Reginald Wingate; Robert Menzies; the Maharajah of Nepal; the Maharajah of Kashmir [India]; the Maharajah of Bikaner [India]; the Maharajah of Jodhpur [India]; Richard Casey, Governor of Bengal [India]; Professor Denis Brogan, Professor of Political Sciences,...
Dates: Dec 1945 - Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: League of Nations Union., 23 Jun 1938 - 06 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/345
Scope and Contents Correspondents on the League of Nations Union include: 2nd Lord Lytton, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the League of Nations Union; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil], President of the League of Nations Union, on subjects including a proposed meeting at the Albert Hall [London] (2); Robert Hunter.Other subjects include: meetings of the League of Nations Union; requests for WSC to give speeches.Also includes: print of League of Nations Union policy; copy of a...
Dates: 23 Jun 1938 - 06 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage., Jan 1944 - Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/562A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents concerning honours to be given to WSC, or tributes made to him include: [John] Nicholas Henderson, Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary (3), Pierson Dixon, Principal Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary, Guy Millard of the Foreign Office and Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary advising WSC on overseas honours; Mary Soames [earlier Mary Churchill]; Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen, British Ambassador to Brussels [Belgium]; Edgar Clements, Mayor of...
Dates: Jan 1944 - Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.