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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 49 Collections and/or Records:

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  • 2
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-L., Sep 1946 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (6); William Deakin (5); Prime Minister Clement Attlee on House of Commons' questions on German invasion plans in 1940; Eva, Lady Keyes, on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium (2); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] on WSC's talks with Marshal Stalin in 1942; Alfred Bossom; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet until 1946] (4); Sir Philip Morris [later 1st Lord Morris of Kenwood]; Sir George Bull; Ronald Fraser,...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), M-Z., Jan 1942 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/23A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Ian Fraser, Chairman of St Dunstan's; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; Sir Thomas Moore (2); Lord Mountbatten of Burma (3) including (2) on Canada and the Dieppe raid [France]; 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; Cecil Aspinall-Oglander on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3); William Deakin (2); Admiral William Leahy, Chief of Staff [to...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), Pr-Z., Jul 1947 - Jul 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin]; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on General Prioux's objections to his treatment in the memoirs; Sir Alexander Walker; Sir William Robieson, [editor] of the Glasgow Herald [Scotland]; Sir George Rendel [British Ambassador to Belgium] on Belgian troops in the Abyssinian [later Ethiopia] campaign (1941); Denis Richards; Eleanor Roosevelt on WSC publishing President Roosevelt's "Ship of State" letter; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry...
Dates: Jul 1947 - Jul 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 2., Jul 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/612
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Acute Indigestion: Germany's Absorption of Austria", reporting on the situation in annexed Austria for Jews, Catholics, monarchists, Austrian Nazis, and workers; "Thoughts on the Royal Visit" to Paris, France, by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth [earlier the Duchess of York, later Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother], praising the visit for strengthening the ties...
Dates: Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: lists of recordings by WSC and cuttings from "Into Battle" and "The Unrelenting Struggle"., [1941] - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/3
Scope and Contents Includes lists of recordings from the above books, "The Gathering Storm" [volume 1 of "The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"; pages cut from: "Into Battle" featuring WSC's speeches (13 May, 28 May, 4 June, 18 June, and 20 August 1940) on becoming Prime Minister, the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France], and the role of the RAF in the Battle of Britain; and "The Unrelenting Struggle" featuring WSC's joint messages with President...
Dates: [1941] - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/614
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "How Wars of the Future will be Waged" on the importance of the horse in the Boer War, of machine-guns and tanks in World War I, the need for foresight and initiative amongst generals, and the importance of air power in a future conflict; "Future Safeguards of National Defence" on the importance of the Navy to national defence, the German submarine campaign in World War I, the threat of air attacks on ships...
Dates: Apr 1938 - May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 2., May 1939 - Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/643
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs, and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Our Rule Britannia Office of State" on the history and structure of the Admiralty, his experience of it during World War I, the replacement of coal-driven ships with oil-powered, the Admiralty yacht, the Enchantress, and praise for the Navy; "The Cinderella of Our Fighting Services" on the War Office, his experiences over demobilisation and mutinies at the end of World War I, and conscription; "Will There...
Dates: May 1939 - Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 3 ("The World Crisis" series)., 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/676
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "My Fight for Sea Power" on the strengthening of the Royal Navy in the years immediately preceding the First World War, the development of the 15 inch gun, and working with Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord; "Into the Jaws of Death" on British submarine action in the Dardanelles [Turkey]; "Invasion" on the [first] Battle of the Marne [France]; "Battle of the Tanks" on the development of the tank, and its use at Paschendaele [Belgium]...
Dates: 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/695
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Sport, the stimulant" on the effect of modern inventions on the average person, watching, playing, and making money from sport, pigeon racing, angling, motor transport, hiking, cycling, theatre, cinema, radio, reading, and moral considerations; "Why the navy runs on oil" on the advantages of oil over coal as a fuel for ships, its adoption by the Royal Navy during WSC's first term as First Lord of the Admiralty, and the Anglo-Persian oil...
Dates: 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Appendices: Copy and provisional proofs., 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/112
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 1 including: Appendix A "A Conversation with Count [Dino] Grandi" [Italian Ambassador to Britain]; Appendix B "A Note on the Fleet Air Arm"; Appendix D "My Statement on the Occasion of the Deputation of Conservative Members of Both Houses to the Prime Minister, July 28 1936"; Appendix F "Tables of Naval Strength, September 3 1939"; Appendix G "Minute of September 12 1939, Plan 'Catherine'"; Appendix H "New Construction and...
Dates: 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various material., 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/143A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War", from individuals including: General Alphonse Georges on the French Air Force, 1930 - 1940; Alan Gomme-Duncan [earlier Alan Duncan]; Michael Joy, Foreign Office; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on records of Soviet support for the Allies in 1938; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine] on meetings with WSC concerning Soviet support in 1938; 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Appendices., Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/179A-I
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 2 including: Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May - December 1940"; Appendix B "Loss by Enemy Action of British, Allied and Neutral Merchant Tonnage"; Appendix D "Correspondence Relating to Dakar [Senegal] between Mr Churchill and Mr [Robert] Menzies" [Prime Minister of Australia]; Appendix E "List of Operational Code Names"; Appendix F "List of Abbreviations". The proofs are annotated with suggested amendments and...
Dates: Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": "Behind the Fronts" (discarded chapter)., 03 Mar 1948 - 17 Mar 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/178
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of an unpublished chapter entitled "Behind the Fronts. December 1940", annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, and 1st Lord Ismay. Includes typescript and galley proofs from Chapter 28 "Lend-Lease", Appendix A "Prime Minister's Personal Minutes and Telegrams. May - December 1940", Appendix D "Correspondence Relating to Dakar [Senegal] Between Mr Churchill and Mr Menzies" [Robert Menzies,...
Dates: 03 Mar 1948 - 17 Mar 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": 'Superseded' proofs., 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/186
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter-Attack. 1940"; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 27 [Benito] "Mussolini Attacks Greece"; Chapter 28 "Lend-Lease"; Chapter 30 "Ocean Peril" (provisionally...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various comments., 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/197A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 2 from individuals including: Daniel Longwell [Editor of Life Magazine]; Professor Albert Goodwin [former Staff Officer, Air Ministry War Room, and member of Historical Branch, Air Ministry] on the Blitz, and WSC's chapters on the Blitz and Battle of Britain (includes comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall); George [Gordon] Allen on Operation "Sea Lion" [codename for planned German invasion of Britain], with...
Dates: 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 93, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act ('sanitised' photocopy available). Review date 1 January 2021.
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