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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 39 Collections and/or Records:

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  • 2
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-L., Sep 1946 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (6); William Deakin (5); Prime Minister Clement Attlee on House of Commons' questions on German invasion plans in 1940; Eva, Lady Keyes, on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium (2); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] on WSC's talks with Marshal Stalin in 1942; Alfred Bossom; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet until 1946] (4); Sir Philip Morris [later 1st Lord Morris of Kenwood]; Sir George Bull; Ronald Fraser,...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - Jun 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/611
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France's New Government" on the frequent changes in government, praise for the new Prime Minister, Edouard Daladier, and asserting the importance of France for European security; "Britain's Deficiencies in Aircraft Manufacture" on purchasing aircraft from the United States and building factories in Canada (with cuttings of an article by John Moore-Brabazon [later 1st...
Dates: Apr 1938 - Jun 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 11 - 21: 'Returned empties'., 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/114A-K
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause - Spain 1936 - 1937); Chapter 13 "Germany Armed, 1936 - 1938"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office and His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich" [Germany]; Chapter 18 "Munich Winter"; Chapter 19 "Prague, Albania and the Polish Guarantee"; Chapter 20 "The Soviet...
Dates: 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/140A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence concerning research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War" by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including: German air strength; Soviet aid to Germany, 1920 - 1932; the British military mission to Moscow [Soviet Union], 1939; air defence; the French Air Force; the Graf Spee; the defences of Scapa Flow [Orkney, Scotland]; French rearmament 1930 - 1939; the British Expeditionary Force; Finland; the rearmament survey of...
Dates: 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various material., 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/143A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War", from individuals including: General Alphonse Georges on the French Air Force, 1930 - 1940; Alan Gomme-Duncan [earlier Alan Duncan]; Michael Joy, Foreign Office; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on records of Soviet support for the Allies in 1938; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine] on meetings with WSC concerning Soviet support in 1938; 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Appendices., Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/179A-I
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 2 including: Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May - December 1940"; Appendix B "Loss by Enemy Action of British, Allied and Neutral Merchant Tonnage"; Appendix D "Correspondence Relating to Dakar [Senegal] between Mr Churchill and Mr [Robert] Menzies" [Prime Minister of Australia]; Appendix E "List of Operational Code Names"; Appendix F "List of Abbreviations". The proofs are annotated with suggested amendments and...
Dates: Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 25 Feb 1948 - 25 Aug 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/188A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz" (provisionally entitled "The Blitz Continues"); Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 25 Feb 1948 - 25 Aug 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2: Proofs for CSC., 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/190A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26 "Relations with Vichy [France] and Spain"...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Comments by Sir Norman Brook., 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/193
Scope and Contents Includes notes by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on Volume 2, on subjects including: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Chapter 16 "The...
Dates: 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", various material., Jul 1939 - Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/248
Scope and Contents Includes source material for Volume 3 of "The Second World War" including: correspondence from [George] Gordon Allen, William Deakin, Ian Montgomery [Private Secretary to Secretary of the Treasury], Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Alfred Bavin of the Cabinet Office, and "Pug" [1st Lord Ismay]; notes and transcripts of telegrams on the occupation of France, Operation "Menace" [the code name for the Anglo Free French mission to Dakar, Senegal] and the passage of French cruisers through...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/299
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Shane Leslie; Sir Hubert Young [Governor and Commander- in-Chief of Northern Rhodesia, later Zambia]; General Sir Ian Hamilton on claims by Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith [earlier Margot Asquith] on the resignation of 1st Lord Haldane [as Lord Chancellor, 1915] (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard on meeting the German Official Air Mission; Bernard Freyberg; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on the Privy Councillorships of F E Smith [1st Lord...
Dates: 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 93, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act ('sanitised' photocopy available). Review date 1 January 2021.
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his speeches and leadership., Sep [1939] - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/395
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Lord] Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, Foreign Secretary] (3) including (1) on the War Cabinet and (1) on Neville Chamberlain's health; Nina, [Duchess of] Hamilton [and Brandon] giving advice on speeches; [2nd Lord] Hamilton of Dalzell on defending Brittany, France; Captain [Cecil] Harcourt on his receiving an honour; [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions] on Sir Edward Harding's collection of autographed...
Dates: Sep [1939] - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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