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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 30 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons., 30 Jul 1901

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/3
Scope and Contents

Manuscript notes and drafts for WSC's speech on the Agricultural Rates Act. [Unpublished].

Dates: 30 Jul 1901
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 17 Jan 1953 - 25 Mar 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/50A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 January, Kingston, Jamaica) on his presentation with the key to the city, the island's recovery from a hurricane and the re-forming of the West India Regiment.Speech notes for WSC's speech (30 January, Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster Abbey [London]) entitled "Westminster Abbey Appeal" on the abbey's role as a focus for Britain's faith and history, its part in the beginnings of Government and the work needed to preserve it. Published: Complete...
Dates: 17 Jan 1953 - 25 Mar 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/52A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copy of Hansard for WSC's speech (3 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the forthcoming royal tour of the Commonwealth and Empire; the timing of the next General Election and the general length of Parliaments; constructive and non-partisan politics; housing policy, including new building and repair of existing property; reducing restrictions and controls on agriculture, increasing food production and retaining food subsidies;...
Dates: 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war.Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/180A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 September) on the war situation including: the threat posed by Hitler, WSC's intention not to publish shipping losses to U-Boats, food and rations, the strength of the United States and the Soviet Union, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, the army and Bomber Command, and events and operations in Persia. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis] Minister of Food, Frank Wood, and Major-General Bernard Paget,...
Dates: 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/54
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (20 March) entitled "Report of the Dardanelles Commission" pointing out the report's inaccuracies and defending his own actions as First Lord of the Admiralty. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2524 - 2539.Speech notes by WSC on the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service, and the need to develop their role against zeppelins at home and at sea, and against submarines.Speech notes by WSC [? April] on the Corn Production Bill.Speech notes and typescript of a statement...
Dates: 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (15 October, Huddersfield Town Hall [Yorkshire]) on subjects including: the decision by the Colne Valley [Yorkshire] Conservatives to support a Liberal candidate to stop Labour from winning the seat; the duty of all Conservatives and Liberals to combine against Labour; a tribute to Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet Lady Bonham- Carter, later Violet, Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Liberal candidate for Colne Valley;...
Dates: 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/207A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 March, Conservative Party Conference) including: the absence of party politics during the war; thanks for support of government policy in Greece; the likelihood of a general election; post-war reconstruction including rebuilding, agriculture and education; and the importance of continuing the war against Japan. Includes the phrase "When I became Prime Minister I promised nothing but blood, toil, tears and sweat". Also includes correspondence from: Basil...
Dates: 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/64
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 February, English-Speaking Union dinner, Hyde Park Hotel, London), entitled "Imperial Family Council" on the English speaking peoples, the unity of the Empire, and understanding with the United States. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3063 - 3066.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, reply to Moslem delegation, Government House, Jerusalem [Palestine]), entitled "Justice for Arab and Jew" on Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the...
Dates: 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, press cuttings and source material., 23 Jun 1928 - 28 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/86
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 June, Conservative Meeting, Hale Park, Widnes, Lancashire), entitled "Six Different Oppositions", on the Government's record, the state of industry, rating reform, Liberal and Labour splits, petrol tax and the development of coal. Also includes a press cutting from the Liverpool Post and Mercury, reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4445 - 4447.Press cutting from the Yorkshire Herald reporting WSC's speech (26 June, Central Council,...
Dates: 23 Jun 1928 - 28 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/78
Scope and Contents Print and partial typescript of WSC's speech (14 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet, Mansion House, London), entitled "War Debts" on the mysteries of finance, the need for a stable currency and economy, the settlement of France's debt and the whole principle of war debts, the effects of the coal dispute and Trade Union involvement in politics. Also includes a press cutting from the City Press reporting the banquet. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4038 - 4042.Typescript and speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/91A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 February, 1900 Club) on the failure of the Labour Government, a 3 party General Election, the Labour and Liberal alliance, Conservative proposals for protective food taxation and agriculture.Typescript for WSC's speech (26 March, Harlow, Essex), entitled "The Economic Situation" on Conservative proposals for protective food taxation, the Labour and Liberal alliance, the next Labour Budget and agricultural policy. Also includes a note (1934) from Violet...
Dates: 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Jun 1948 - 28 Jun 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/19A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 June, Albert Hall, London) to the Young Conservatives entitled "A New Parliament" on subjects including: the expansion in the Young Conservatives' movement; the need to expose the excessive state control of the Labour government; communism; criticism of the Labour government's lack of encouragement for individuals and of Labour government policy on issues including nationalisation, the abolition of capital punishment, and economic policy; the role of the...
Dates: 12 Jun 1948 - 28 Jun 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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