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Cambridgeshire Inclosure Commissions and Turnpike Trusts



Inclosure (or enclosure) was the process by which land that was subject to common rights was inclosed by landlords for their private use. Inclosure first began in the twelfth century and flourished after receiving statutory sanction during the thirteenth century. Between 1750 and 1800 inclosure by private act of parliament increased, and attempts were made to standardise the process by the passing of Inclosure Acts in 1801 and 1845. Claims to inclose land were presented to a commission, with inclosure awards granted to successful applicants. Turnpike Trusts were first established in 1706. They were locally-controlled bodies charged by parliament with responsibility for the upkeep of the roads. The trusts raised funds by charging road-users as they passed through their toll-gates. The trusts' responsibilities were transferred to local authorities during the nineteenth century.

Found in 1 Collection or Record:


Cambridgeshire: Inclosure and Turnpike Trust Papers

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.6011-6088
Scope and Contents

Minutes, claims, accounts and other material relating to inclosure commissions and Turnpike Trusts in Cambridgeshire.

Dates: 1797-1872
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (