Skip to main content

Army

 Organization

Found in 121 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-M., Mar 1950 - Nov 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/115A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (8); Roy Harrod (3); Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (5); [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the supply of aircraft and equipment to Egypt; Sir George Harvie Watt and his wife Bettie; James Henderson-Stewart; Michael Higgs on his daughter; Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Spain; "Bill",...
Dates: Mar 1950 - Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 334-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a living individual until 1 January 2027.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence - correspondence with Prime Minister Clement Attlee., Mar 1946 - Aug 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/29A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] on Czechoslovak railways; Francis Graham-Harrison, Laurence Pumphrey (2), and Paul Osmond, Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister; Laurence Helsby [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Antony Head (2); 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann]; Clement Davies [Leader of the Liberal Party]. Also includes notes...
Dates: Mar 1946 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence: miscellaneous correspondence and papers., Feb 1947 - Sep 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/36
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough], Minister of Defence [until February 1950] (3); George Ward; Antony Head (3); Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air]; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (2); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon]; David Hunt [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee] (2); Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Soviet forces in Europe and Soviet affairs (7); James Thomas [later 1st Lord...
Dates: Feb 1947 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/57
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 March) on army estimates, demobilisation, the formation of a regular army, British forces in Russia and the enforcing of peace terms on Germany. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2674 - 2692.Speech notes for WSC's statement (29 May) on using the army for strike-breaking and sending volunteer forces to Russia. Source material includes a note on the current situation of Admiral Alexander Kolchak [leader of anti-Bolshevik forces], and extracts from a...
Dates: 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/107A-B
Scope and Contents Source material includes a government memorandum for the Disarmament Conference [Geneva, Switzerland].Brief notes for WSC's speech (7 February) against disarmament and on Britain's defence needs, which includes the phrase "We are vulnerable as we have never been before". Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5321-6.Notes for WSC's speech (6 March) on the army estimates and India. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5329-35.Notes for WSC's speech (8...
Dates: 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/119A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speeches (28 and 29 July, Secret Defence Deputation to the Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin]) on the relative strengths of the British and German air forces, the war making capacity of British and German industry, British air training facilities, and German power to bomb British cities.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on supporting the League of Nations, collective security, and policy towards Germany and Italy. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5800-4.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/54
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (20 March) entitled "Report of the Dardanelles Commission" pointing out the report's inaccuracies and defending his own actions as First Lord of the Admiralty. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2524 - 2539.Speech notes by WSC on the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service, and the need to develop their role against zeppelins at home and at sea, and against submarines.Speech notes by WSC [? April] on the Corn Production Bill.Speech notes and typescript of a statement...
Dates: 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 14 May 1915

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/118
Scope and Contents

Minute by WSC stating that the Dardanelles operations could easily develop into a great siege and calling for the following measures: the provision of siege artillery and well-equipped semi-permanent landing stages; protection against submarines; the fitting of the bombarding fleet with mine protection; the provision of seventy aircraft. Printed copy.

Dates: 14 May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Mar 1933

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/192/85-88
Scope and Contents Letter from [a senior army officer] (New Delhi, [India]) to [? Brigadier-General Sir James Edmonds] on: the isolated position of the Viceroy under the proposals in the White Paper on India; the severe strains on the finances of the central Indian government which will lead to an extremely dangerous reduction in the size of the army; the Prime Minister's proposals for the reduction of Britain's air strength and the danger of Russia establishing air bases in Afghanistan; the attitude of the...
Dates: 18 Mar 1933
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Unknown

(Untitled), 05 Jan 1915

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/97/10-12
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of a letter from WSC to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith] agreeing with Colonel [Maurice] Hankey's comments on "special mechanical devices for taking trenches"; describing the impact of trench warfare on military theory and weapons; urging the deployment of steam tractors equipped with armoured shelters, trials of "shields on wheels", systematic use of artificial smoke, and stressing the importance of swift development and production of new weapons. Unsigned annotated with...
Dates: 05 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 29 Jun 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/232/33
Scope and Contents

Cabinet memorandum by Chancellor of the Exchequer [Sir John Anderson, later 1st Lord Waverley] on man-power in the second half of 1945, including as an appendix a memorandum by the Minister of Labour and National Service [R A Butler].

Dates: 29 Jun 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Feb 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/232/58-70
Scope and Contents

Minute from "P J G" [Sir James Grigg], Secretary of State for War, (War Office) to WSC setting out his proposals for reducing personnel in the Middle East, commenting on internal security considerations, administrative implications, implications special to the RAF, and financial considerations. [initialled; flagged "E"].

Dates: 20 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [20] [Feb] [1945]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/232/71-75
Scope and Contents

Appendix "A" [to a minute from Sir James Grigg, Secretary of State for War, to WSC, CHAR 20/232/58-70] giving details of proposed reductions in manpower in the Middle East. [flagged "B"].

Dates: [20] [Feb] [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/232/83-84
Scope and Contents Minute from WSC to Chancellor of the Exchequer [Sir John Anderson, later 1st Lord Waverley], Minister of Labour [Ernest Bevin], Minister of Production [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos], Secretary of State for War [Sir James Grigg], and General [Sir Hastings] Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] for the Chiefs of Staff Committee, asking the Secretary of State for War to put forward proposals to reduce manpower in the Middle East, setting out the existing position, and...
Dates: 19 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Filtered By

  • Subject: Armed forces X

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 120
Collection 1
 
Subject
Air warfare 119
Second World War (1939-1945) 46
Military equipment 40
Germany 38
Foreign policy 25
∨ more
Transport 24
France 23
United States (nation) 23
Asia-Pacific War, 1941-1945 20
Civil defence 20
Colonialism 18
Economic policy 18
Communism 17
Economic conditions 17
Food 17
Speeches 17
State security 17
Intelligence 16
India (nation) 15
Soviet Union 15
Western Europe 15
Russia (nation) 14
Italy (nation) 13
Literature 9
Planning 9
Postwar reconstruction 9
United Kingdom (nation) 9
War devastated countries 9
Chemical/biological warfare 8
East West relations 8
Egypt 8
International tensions 8
Maritime transport 8
North Africa (general region) 8
Political patronage 8
Civil aviation 7
Ireland (nation) 7
Trade unions 7
First World War (1914-1918) 6
Labour relations 6
Agriculture 5
International cooperation 5
London 5
Nuclear warfare 5
Science 5
Taxation 5
Battle of Britain (1940) 4
Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945) 4
Dardanelles campaign (1915-1916) 4
Public health 4
Railway transport 4
Broadcasting 3
Electoral systems 3
Police 3
Strikes 3
Unemployment 3
Western Front (1914-1918) 3
Coal mining 2
Elections 2
Press 2
Roads 2
South Africa (nation) 2
Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) 2
Wales 2
Women 2
Abdication of Edward VIII 1
Australia 1
Awards 1
Boer War (1899-1902) 1
Canada (nation) 1
Cinema 1
Colonial countries 1
Constitutional history 1
Constitutional law 1
Defence 1
Diplomacy 1
Education 1
Fascism 1
Government policy 1
India 1
Industrial development 1
Industrial policy 1
International relations 1
Journalism 1
Leisure time activities 1
Military operations 1
Monarchy 1
New Zealand (nation) 1
Operation Overlord (1944) 1
Politics 1
Scotland 1
War crimes 1
+ ∧ less