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Army

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Found in 121 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-M., Mar 1950 - Nov 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/115A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (8); Roy Harrod (3); Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (5); [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the supply of aircraft and equipment to Egypt; Sir George Harvie Watt and his wife Bettie; James Henderson-Stewart; Michael Higgs on his daughter; Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Spain; "Bill",...
Dates: Mar 1950 - Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 334-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a living individual until 1 January 2027.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence - correspondence with Prime Minister Clement Attlee., Mar 1946 - Aug 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/29A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] on Czechoslovak railways; Francis Graham-Harrison, Laurence Pumphrey (2), and Paul Osmond, Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister; Laurence Helsby [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Antony Head (2); 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann]; Clement Davies [Leader of the Liberal Party]. Also includes notes...
Dates: Mar 1946 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence: miscellaneous correspondence and papers., Feb 1947 - Sep 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/36
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough], Minister of Defence [until February 1950] (3); George Ward; Antony Head (3); Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air]; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (2); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon]; David Hunt [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee] (2); Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Soviet forces in Europe and Soviet affairs (7); James Thomas [later 1st Lord...
Dates: Feb 1947 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/57
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 March) on army estimates, demobilisation, the formation of a regular army, British forces in Russia and the enforcing of peace terms on Germany. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2674 - 2692.Speech notes for WSC's statement (29 May) on using the army for strike-breaking and sending volunteer forces to Russia. Source material includes a note on the current situation of Admiral Alexander Kolchak [leader of anti-Bolshevik forces], and extracts from a...
Dates: 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/107A-B
Scope and Contents Source material includes a government memorandum for the Disarmament Conference [Geneva, Switzerland].Brief notes for WSC's speech (7 February) against disarmament and on Britain's defence needs, which includes the phrase "We are vulnerable as we have never been before". Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5321-6.Notes for WSC's speech (6 March) on the army estimates and India. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5329-35.Notes for WSC's speech (8...
Dates: 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/119A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speeches (28 and 29 July, Secret Defence Deputation to the Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin]) on the relative strengths of the British and German air forces, the war making capacity of British and German industry, British air training facilities, and German power to bomb British cities.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on supporting the League of Nations, collective security, and policy towards Germany and Italy. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5800-4.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/54
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (20 March) entitled "Report of the Dardanelles Commission" pointing out the report's inaccuracies and defending his own actions as First Lord of the Admiralty. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2524 - 2539.Speech notes by WSC on the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service, and the need to develop their role against zeppelins at home and at sea, and against submarines.Speech notes by WSC [? April] on the Corn Production Bill.Speech notes and typescript of a statement...
Dates: 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR, CHUR and CHAQ
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into three sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR), with some additional material (CHAQ). Together, the three sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1, CHUR 1 and CHAQ 1/1 and 2/1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Oct 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/50-52
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] with comparisons of enemy and allied strength, agreed by Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman, anticipating large scale offensive.

Dates: 24 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Feb 1942 - 03 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/61/1-13
Scope and Contents Extract from Hansard with summary of Parliamentary questions from Major Charles Taylor and others to WSC about co-operation between the Army and RAF in the Middle East, and in their training; also includes copy of letter from Admiral Sir [William] Reginald Hall to Taylor on the control of air power in Egypt, with letters from Taylor to Brigadier George Harvie-Watt [Parliamentary Private Secretary to WSC], enclosing Hall's letter, thanking WSC for answering his questions, asking if he could...
Dates: 23 Feb 1942 - 03 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/61/29-151
Scope and Contents Memoranda by 3rd Lord Tollemache, on subjects including: the defence of the Empire, on modernising the Imperial Defence Cabinet, the Ministry of Production and the Imperial General Staff; modern war on land, including the army, transport and supply; the Home Guard; the RAF; fuel supply co-ordination; improving the railways; army training; with covering letter from Tollemache to WSC including notes on supplying fighter aircraft to the Middle East and Far East and strategic islands in the...
Dates: 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/2
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, February 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; Vice Chief of Imperial General Staff [?General Sir Robert Haining];...
Dates: 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Mar 1941 - 31 Mar 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/3
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, March 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet], Sir Horace Wilson [Permanent Secretary of HM Treasury and official Head of HM Civil Service], and Sir Alexander Cadogan...
Dates: 01 Mar 1941 - 31 Mar 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/7
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges...
Dates: 01 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Sep 1941 - 30 Sep 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/9
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, September 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information and in one case later manuscript annotations by WSC) to: Desmond Morton and 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; senior civil servants including Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] and Sir...
Dates: 01 Sep 1941 - 30 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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