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Army

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Found in 25 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - May 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/614
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "How Wars of the Future will be Waged" on the importance of the horse in the Boer War, of machine-guns and tanks in World War I, the need for foresight and initiative amongst generals, and the importance of air power in a future conflict; "Future Safeguards of National Defence" on the importance of the Navy to national defence, the German submarine campaign in World War I, the threat of air attacks on ships...
Dates: Apr 1938 - May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Jun 1916

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/39
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers by various individuals on various subjects including: WSC on the war situation including the Dardanelles; Walter Runciman [President of the Board of Trade] on food supplies to Germany and the effects on diminished exports; the effects of an air raid on London; national registration and military service; the supply of information to neutral countries; negotiations with the French; Sir William Max-Muller on the economic situation of Germany and Austria-Hungary; literary...
Dates: Jun 1916
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on demobilisation and the reorganisation of the Air Ministry., 01 Feb 1919 - 28 Feb 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: King Manuel II on the "future of Portugal"; General Sir William Robertson [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief the Forces in Great Britain] (3); 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies] on appointing neither Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard or General Sir John Cowans as Governor of Nigeria (2); Andrew Bonar Law [Lord Privy Seal] passing on a copy of a letter from Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Lawson on a decline in his pay and position; Philip Kerr [later...
Dates: 01 Feb 1919 - 28 Feb 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign., 01 Apr 1919 - 30 Apr 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Ian Hamilton refuting press allegations; Walter Roch on the Dardanelles [Turkey] Inquiry; Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (2); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on matters discussed at the Paris [France] Peace Conference (7); 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies]; Colonel James Blair [Chief, British Military Mission in Siberia]; 1st Lord Haldane...
Dates: 01 Apr 1919 - 30 Apr 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign., 01 Aug 1919 - 31 Aug 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); General Sir William Robertson [Commander-in-Chief, British Army on the Rhine] on his baronetcy; Lord French [earlier Sir John French, later 1st Lord Ypres, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland] on his account of the events of 1914; Major-General John Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone, Under-Secretary of State for Air] on air force matters and Sir Frederick Banbury's role in the O'Sullivan enquiry (3); Jack Scott...
Dates: 01 Aug 1919 - 31 Aug 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Apr 1919 - 28 Jun 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/16A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (some annotated in reply) from WSC to various individuals including: Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Director of Military Intelligence [Major-General William Thwaites]; Deputy Director of Military Operations and Military Intelligence [Colonel George Cockerill]; Master-General of the Ordnance [Lieutenant-General Sir William Furse]; Quartermaster-General [Lieutenant-General Travers Clarke]; Secretary [War Office, Sir...
Dates: 01 Apr 1919 - 28 Jun 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/37
Scope and Contents Papers by various individuals on various subjects including: Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Imperial War Cabinet, on the extension of the British line in France; [Lieutenant-General George Bridges] British military representative in the United States, on the transportation of American troops; Sir William Weir, Secretary of State for Air, on the policy of the Air Ministry and the long-range bombing of Germany; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on the...
Dates: 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Jan 1946 - Sep 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/29A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Mummery, Assistant Secretary, Woodford Conservative Association (5); [Arthur] Drew, Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; [Percy] Cohen of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; constituent D M Reddiex (4); Lena Prescott of the Ministry of Health (6); J H Hughes of the Air Ministry (4); Mary Tyrwhitt, Director, Auxiliary Territorial Service; constituents W T Towler (4) and F C Turner (4); Stanley Reed, Secretary of the Wanstead Flats...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Feb 1948 - Oct 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/45
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: J T Williams, Private Secretary, War Damage Commission (5); Frederick Mummery, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (14); [Arthur] Drew, Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War (3); [James] Chuter-Ede [Home Secretary] on an incident involving the Holborn [London] Conservative Association (2); [Robert] McAlpine [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; [Christopher] Fogarty [Assistant Principal] HM Treasury (2);...
Dates: Feb 1948 - Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Air Defence: Deputations to the Prime Minister., 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/270
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Clement Attlee [Leader of the Opposition] refusing to join the deputations to the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin; Osmund Cleverly [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Henry Pownall [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence; Hastings Ismay [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence] (2).Also includes: extracts from the transcript of the first deputation, including [?] WSC on the Government's failure to expand the air industry and the RAF...
Dates: 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence., 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/371A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on defence issues include: Sir Thomas Inskip [Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, later 1st Lord Caldecote]; Harry Sellar, Private Secretary to Inskip (2); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War, on subjects including the arming of the Guards Battalions; Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary of State for Air, on showing WSC [air construction graphs]; 1st Lord Swinton [former Secretary of State for Air, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Philip Lloyd-Greame] on the formation...
Dates: 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened as a 'sanitised' photocopy, original closed on advice of Cabinet Office).
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Defence - correspondence with Prime Minister Clement Attlee., Mar 1946 - Aug 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/29A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] on Czechoslovak railways; Francis Graham-Harrison, Laurence Pumphrey (2), and Paul Osmond, Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister; Laurence Helsby [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Antony Head (2); 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann]; Clement Davies [Leader of the Liberal Party]. Also includes notes...
Dates: Mar 1946 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/61/29-151
Scope and Contents Memoranda by 3rd Lord Tollemache, on subjects including: the defence of the Empire, on modernising the Imperial Defence Cabinet, the Ministry of Production and the Imperial General Staff; modern war on land, including the army, transport and supply; the Home Guard; the RAF; fuel supply co-ordination; improving the railways; army training; with covering letter from Tollemache to WSC including notes on supplying fighter aircraft to the Middle East and Far East and strategic islands in the...
Dates: 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Mar 1941 - 31 Mar 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/3
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, March 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet], Sir Horace Wilson [Permanent Secretary of HM Treasury and official Head of HM Civil Service], and Sir Alexander Cadogan...
Dates: 01 Mar 1941 - 31 Mar 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Sep 1941 - 30 Sep 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/9
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, September 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information and in one case later manuscript annotations by WSC) to: Desmond Morton and 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; senior civil servants including Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] and Sir...
Dates: 01 Sep 1941 - 30 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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(Untitled), 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/2
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, February 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; Vice Chief of Imperial General Staff [?General Sir Robert Haining];...
Dates: 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Oct 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54B/150-163
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt] President of the United States, detailing secret military plans, reorganisation of command, and projected course of the war: Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to attack Cyrenaica [Libya], then advance on Tripoli; invasion of Norway has been planned as a cover; reports of German preparation for invasion of Britain over North Sea; seeks introduction of American troops to Northern Ireland; command. structure between the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 31 Oct 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54B/182-186
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] with major points of joint strategy: expansion of shipping convoys against U-boat attack; increase of food imports in 1943; more American troops to Britain; increasing bombing, night bombing and using aircraft against U-boats.

Dates: 31 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 10 Sep 1941 - 26 Sep 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/258C/303-318
Scope and Contents Series of minutes from [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] to WSC on: 1. an improvement in the maximum bomb load; 2. mustard gas bombs; 3. decisions to be taken about munitions and aircraft production, army size, supplying the Soviet Union, and possible theatres of operation, with WSC's reply (13 September); 4. attaching a draft to the First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander, later 1st Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] and Secretary of State for...
Dates: 10 Sep 1941 - 26 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"War Cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: Weekly Resume (no.56) of the naval, military and air situation from 12 noon September to 12 noon September 26th, 1940", 27 Sep 1940

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/6/86-99
Scope and Contents Summary of events including: attempted landing at Dakar by General [Charles] de Gaulle; U boat activity in the North Atlantic and shipping losses; operations by German raiders; information about the disposition of German and Italian troops; events in Greece, Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia], Bulgaria, the Mediterranean and the Middle East; air attacks on Germany (including Berlin) and on invasion ports in France and...
Dates: 27 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open

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