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Army

 Organization

Found in 32 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/187A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence"); Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence");...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 201 to 220., Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/161
Scope and Contents Includes papers on various subjects by various individuals including: Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later Lord Swinton], President of the Board of Trade, on the position of the heavy steel industry; the report of a committee on the representation of the British government in the dominions including notes on the situations in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the Irish Free State; a report on affairs in the Soviet Union; the Committee of Imperial Defence...
Dates: Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration., 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Gordon Wilson and Paul Beards (Private Secretaries, War Office) on South African war graves; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (6); R A Butler [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Harold Macmillan [later Lord Stockton, Minister of Housing and Local Government]; Duncan Sandys [Minister of Supply] (2); Christopher Soames [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister]; John Colville [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on subjects...
Dates: 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 11 Dec 1926 - 30 Apr 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/41
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Jones [Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet] and Sir Frank Heath [Secretary to the Advisory Council for Scientific and Industrial Research] on French liquid fuel; Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue] (3), Cornelius Gregg [Inland Revenue] (2), and F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] (3) on income tax rates; Sir Harry Goschen (2); James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (5); Sir Horace Hamilton...
Dates: 11 Dec 1926 - 30 Apr 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 19 Jan 1927 - 30 Jun 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/45A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; Alfred Hurst; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Sir Laming Worthington-Evans [Secretary of State for War]; Sir...
Dates: 19 Jan 1927 - 30 Jun 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 03 Jul 1927 - 31 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/46A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue until 1927, then Controller of Finance and Supply Services]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin]; Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; John Gretton MP; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent...
Dates: 03 Jul 1927 - 31 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Prime Minister's Directives., 06 Mar 1941 - 12 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/9
Scope and Contents Printed directives by the Prime Minister, WSC, on subjects including: the battle of the Atlantic; food imports; army scales; the naval programme; the Mediterranean; warning Stalin against Germany (including extracts of correspondence between WSC, the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] and Sir Stafford Cripps [British Ambassador to the Soviet Union]; policy in Syria; Egypt and the Middle East; security of cabinet papers; the maintenance of forces in the Middle East; the...
Dates: 06 Mar 1941 - 12 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-M., Mar 1950 - Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/115A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (8); Roy Harrod (3); Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (5); [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the supply of aircraft and equipment to Egypt; Sir George Harvie Watt and his wife Bettie; James Henderson-Stewart; Michael Higgs on his daughter; Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Spain; "Bill",...
Dates: Mar 1950 - Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 334-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a living individual until 1 January 2027.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-Z., Dec 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/8A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir David Robertson on industrial affairs; Randolph Churchill and John Dugdale on Soviet attitudes; 1st Lord Rankeillour [earlier James Hope] and Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] on Indian affairs; Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office (4); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946] (4); James Stuart [Chief...
Dates: Dec 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence - correspondence with Prime Minister Clement Attlee., Mar 1946 - Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/29A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] on Czechoslovak railways; Francis Graham-Harrison, Laurence Pumphrey (2), and Paul Osmond, Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister; Laurence Helsby [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Antony Head (2); 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann]; Clement Davies [Leader of the Liberal Party]. Also includes notes...
Dates: Mar 1946 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Defence: miscellaneous correspondence and papers., Feb 1947 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/36
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough], Minister of Defence [until February 1950] (3); George Ward; Antony Head (3); Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley, Secretary of State for Air]; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (2); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon]; David Hunt [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee] (2); Captain Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans] on Soviet forces in Europe and Soviet affairs (7); James Thomas [later 1st Lord...
Dates: Feb 1947 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: European army: correspondence and papers., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lewis Douglas [United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom] (3); President Harry Truman; Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (3); Duncan Sandys (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; General Charles Mast [French Army]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, and Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel].Subjects include: the level of German, United States, and British...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards., 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/133
Scope and Contents Hansard report of WSC's speech (11 May 1953) on foreign affairs, including Korea, Indo-China [later Vietnam], Egypt, the French military position, the European Defence Community, relations between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey, Israel and the new Soviet government. Also includes Philip Noel-Baker's reply. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8475 - 8485.Hansard report of WSC's replies (23 March 1954) on consultation between Britain and the United States over atomic weapons.Hansard report of...
Dates: 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: strength of Russian forces in Europe: correspondence and reports., Apr 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/30
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Christiansen, [Editor] of the Daily Express; Charles de Gaulle; ?Lord Duncannon [earlier Frederick Ponsonby, later 10th Lord Bessborough, 2nd Secretary, British Embassy, Paris, France]; Sir Waldron Smithers. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Elizabeth Gilliatt, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford] and Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow].Subjects covered by the file include: information on Soviet troops in Poland, East...
Dates: Apr 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/52A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copy of Hansard for WSC's speech (3 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the forthcoming royal tour of the Commonwealth and Empire; the timing of the next General Election and the general length of Parliaments; constructive and non-partisan politics; housing policy, including new building and repair of existing property; reducing restrictions and controls on agriculture, increasing food production and retaining food subsidies;...
Dates: 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/135A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for an unused speech by WSC (prepared for 8 May) on conscription and the Military Training Bill.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May) on relations with the Soviet Union and Poland, and the effect of an agreement with the Soviet Union on relations with other European nations. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6117-23.Notes for WSC's speech (23 May) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]....
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Apr 1944 - 30 Apr 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/152/4
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, April 1944.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers, particularly Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon]; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; General Sir Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding the Eighth Army]; Director of Military Intelligence [Major-General Francis...
Dates: 01 Apr 1944 - 30 Apr 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Jul 1941 - 10 Jul 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/258C/248-250
Scope and Contents Series of minutes [from 1st Lord Cherwell, earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] to WSC on: 1. the "New Aircraft Programme" and a possible shortage in heavy bombers; 2. attaching a draft of a note to the Minister of Aircraft Production [John Moore-Brabazon, later 1st Lord Brabazon of Tara] on the lack of increase in aircraft output; 3. the size of the Army, referring to "W.P. (G) (41) 63"; 4. giving the Russians specifications for the sticky bomb; 5. increased imports...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 10 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Sep 1941 - 26 Sep 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/258C/303-318
Scope and Contents Series of minutes from [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] to WSC on: 1. an improvement in the maximum bomb load; 2. mustard gas bombs; 3. decisions to be taken about munitions and aircraft production, army size, supplying the Soviet Union, and possible theatres of operation, with WSC's reply (13 September); 4. attaching a draft to the First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander, later 1st Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] and Secretary of State for...
Dates: 10 Sep 1941 - 26 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/20/43-57
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to President [Franklin Roosevelt] outlining various plans and proposals concerning: attacking the German and Italian armies in Libya; French North Africa; Norway; British contributions to the Soviet war effort; defending Great Britain from a possible German invasion; placing United States forces in Northern Ireland [Ulster]; the command structure in the Middle East and the roles of the Air Force and Navy; the effect of victory in Libya on Italy and Turkey; landing tanks; the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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  • Subject: Soviet Union X

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Air warfare 15
Armed forces 15
Germany 14
United States (nation) 14
Military equipment 13

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.