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Army

 Organization

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: African, Mediterranean, and Middle East theatres, 1939-43: proofs of contemporary despatches and reports, to be published as supplements to the London Gazette, and a copy of a pamphlet on the New Zealand Division in Egypt and Libya in 1942, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1942 - 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/246
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1942 - 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: weekly resumes., 30 May 1940 - 01 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/5
Scope and Contents

Printed reviews of the naval, military and air situation, including: the evacuation of Dunkirk [France]; minelaying and minesweeping; Scandinavia; Italy; the Balkans; air defence; air attacks on Germany and Britain; losses of shipping; the Western Front; the Mediterranean; the North Sea; enemy naval intelligence; the French fleet; Africa; the German and Italian Air Forces.

Dates: 30 May 1940 - 01 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: weekly resumes., 01 Aug 1940 - 03 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/6
Scope and Contents

Printed reviews of the naval, military and air situation, including: home waters; the Mediterranean; attacks on shipping; enemy shipping; minelaying; minesweeping; Germany; the Middle East; Africa; air defence; air attacks on Germany and Italy; enemy intelligence; the Balkans; home security; economic warfare; Italy; the North Sea; the United States; the Soviet Union.

Dates: 01 Aug 1940 - 03 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: weekly resumes., 14 Nov 1940 - 26 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/8
Scope and Contents

Printed reviews of the naval, military and air situation, including: home waters; the Mediterranean; enemy intelligence; shipping losses; enemy shipping; minelaying and minesweeping; Germany; the Balkans; the Middle East; air attacks on enemy territory; air attacks on Britain; Italy; Africa; air intelligence; home security.

Dates: 14 Nov 1940 - 26 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/455A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland], on WSC visiting Aberdeen and accepting its Freedom (4); Thomas Loveday, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol, on various University matters; Hugh, [7th] Lord Sefton [earlier Lord Molyneux] offering WSC membership of the Buck's Club; Sir Patrick Hannon sending confidence in WSC's leadership from the Constitutional Club and the Early Closing Association (2); Sir George Mitcheson offering WSC the presidency of...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/146A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Also includes copy of Hansard containing the text of WSC's speech and others in the debate on production, supply and manpower. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6331-8.Hansard copy of the debate on the conduct of Robert Boothby (28 January) including...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/177A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Source material includes correspondence from: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] (5), Charles Hendriks, Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal], William Beveridge, Ernest Bevin [Minister of Labour and National Service] and notes from Eric Seal...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/246/29-101
Scope and Contents Page proofs for a supplement to the London Gazette entitled "Operations in East Africa, November 1940 - July 1941", reprinting contemporary despatches and reports by General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief in the Middle East (21 May 1942), Lieutenant-General Sir William Platt, on the operations in Eritrea and Abyssinia [Ethiopia] (11 September 1941) and Lieutenant-General Sir Alan Cunningham on East Africa Force Operations (6 June 1941 and 22 July 1941) with various appendices and...
Dates: 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), Aug 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/246/141-156
Scope and Contents "Revised" page proofs of a supplement to the London Gazette entitled "Operations in the Middle East, 5 July 1941 - 31 October 1941" reprinting a contemporary despatch by General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief the Middle East Forces (8 March 1942), on Syria and Palestine, Cyprus, Iran [Persia], Turkey, co-operative planning with India, East Africa, Sudan, the Western Desert, Tobruk [Libya], and Egypt, and administrative matters, with appendices including communications from...
Dates: Aug 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), Jul 1946 - Aug 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/246/167-182
Scope and Contents

Page proofs for a supplement of the London Gazette entitled "Operations in North West Africa 8th November 1942 to 13th May 1943" reprinting a contemporary despatch by Lieutenant-General [Kenneth] Anderson, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, 1st Army, (7 June 1943) with later War Office preface and footnotes. [annotated].

Dates: Jul 1946 - Aug 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/20/43-57
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to President [Franklin Roosevelt] outlining various plans and proposals concerning: attacking the German and Italian armies in Libya; French North Africa; Norway; British contributions to the Soviet war effort; defending Great Britain from a possible German invasion; placing United States forces in Northern Ireland [Ulster]; the command structure in the Middle East and the roles of the Air Force and Navy; the effect of victory in Libya on Italy and Turkey; landing tanks; the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 Jul 1942 - 28 Aug 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/6
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July and August 1942. Some written by WSC when in the Middle East.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet].Subjects covered by the...
Dates: 03 Jul 1942 - 28 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/10
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, December 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; Director of Movements [War Office, General Noel Holmes]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Chief Whip [James Stuart].Subjects covered by the minutes include:...
Dates: 01 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/68A/2
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC on subjects including infantry and tanks in the Western desert against Germans and Italians, prisoner-of-war figures and South African divisions.

Dates: 01 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/68A/59
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, asking how the retreat and escape of General Erwin Rommel's Italian troops affects "Acrobat" and also "Gymnast" and "Super-Gymnast" [codenames for an operation against Tripoli, Libya, the plans for the British occupation of North West Africa and a combined landing by British and United States forces].

Dates: 11 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/68B/109-110
Scope and Contents Telegrams from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, on redeployment of troops: Australians to move from Middle East to Far East; United States forces to Northern Ireland (codenamed "Magnet"), the Levant and Caspian Sea, and to Iceland for training; United States contribution to "Gymnast" [codename for the plans for the British occupation of North West Africa] will be "Super- Gymnast" [codename for a combined landing by British and United States forces], and...
Dates: 18 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/29
Scope and Contents Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC giving the latest details of the 8th Army in North Africa: enemy tanks and artillery engaged at Antelat [Libya] and Saunnu but without decisive result; general description and position of troops; intention of Lieutenant- General Neil Ritchie [Commander, 8th Army] to stabilise his position and launch an offensive; "Once again [General Erwin] Rommel [Commander, Afrika Corps] has made bold stroke ... The...
Dates: 24 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/33-34
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Commanders in Chief (Middle East) to WSC giving details of German and Allied army strengths at the beginning of "Crusader" [codename for British North African operation], including details of losses on both sides and reasons for Allied success.

Dates: 24 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 27 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/54
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC regarding the latest situation in North Africa, including the premature action at Benghazi [Libya], positions as known on the evening of 26 January, concern over the condition of 1st Armoured division and the conclusion that British armoured forces have failed to compete with the enemy satisfactorily.

Dates: 27 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 29 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/58
Scope and Contents Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC regarding the deterioration of the situation in North Africa, including: his fear that it will be necessary to temporarily evacuate Benghazi [Libya]; 7th Indian Infantry Brigade threatened with envelopment and withdrawn; demolitions ordered to be carried out in Benghazi; a report of action in progress about 20 miles north of Masus; admitting that the enemy has succeeded beyond his expectations and...
Dates: 29 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 29 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/64
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC regarding the latest situation in North Africa, including: the confusion of the situation around Benghazi [Libya] and details of recent fighting not yet received; 1st Armoured division attempted to move on Elabiar but the going was bad and the division is now back at Charubba; Lieutenant- General Neil Ritchie [Commander, 8th Army] aims to stabilise the position and collect forces for a counter-offensive.

Dates: 29 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/65/88-98
Scope and Contents Letter and reports by Randolph Churchill to WSC on the command structure and personalities in the Middle East, including Lieutenant- General Thomas Corbett, Chief of General Staff, Middle East, Richard Casey [Minister of State, Middle East], Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, RAF, Middle East], Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, Sir Miles Lampson [British Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner for the Sudan, later 1st Lord Killearn] and Michael Wright,...
Dates: 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/17-19
Scope and Contents

Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC advising all tanks unloaded; on Libyan Desert battle, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; morale good.

Dates: 02 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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  • Subject: North Africa (general region) X

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Air warfare 11
Military equipment 11
Armed forces 8
France 8
Western Europe 7

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.