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Army

 Organization

Found in 25 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary., 1925 - 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/202
Scope and Contents Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "The German Splendour" on WSC's visits to Germany in 1906 and 1906 to see Kaiser Wilhelm II and the manoeuvres of the German army. Includes WSC's observations on the strength of the German army and navy compared to British forces, on German artillery, and military techniques (which are compared to those used at the Battle of Omdurman).Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "Consistency in Politics" which includes: observations on the...
Dates: 1925 - 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence, A-E, and correspondence on the Life magazine serialisation, of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1948 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (4); Brigadier Hugh Harlock [Australian Army Representative in the United Kingdom] on accounts of the Australian Army's part in the war; William Deakin (2); Robert Mason (Foreign Office); George Crosfield; Count Edmund Carton de Wiart (2); Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium]; Olive Muir (4); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] thanking WSC for mentioning him; Robert Marshall [Private...
Dates: Mar 1948 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 131 - 150., 25 Apr 1928 - 04 May 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/197
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: 1st] Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] Secretary of State for India, on the Indian contribution to the home effective charges of the British army; Sir William Joynson-Hicks [later Lord Brentford] Home Secretary on subjects including a draft treaty of arbitration with the United States, a dog racing bill and land purchase in Northern Ireland; William Bridgeman, First Lord of the Admiralty, on a treaty with the United...
Dates: 25 Apr 1928 - 04 May 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 201 to 220., Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/161
Scope and Contents Includes papers on various subjects by various individuals including: Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later Lord Swinton], President of the Board of Trade, on the position of the heavy steel industry; the report of a committee on the representation of the British government in the dominions including notes on the situations in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the Irish Free State; a report on affairs in the Soviet Union; the Committee of Imperial Defence...
Dates: Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh [WSC's Private Secretary] (3); Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); [Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (4); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; David Lloyd George; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; General Sir Herbert Plumer, Commander-in-Chief,...
Dates: 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 01 May 1920 - 29 Jun 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/47A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies] (3); David Lloyd George; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); George Kidston [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Republic of Finland]; 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V] (6); Aubrey Herbert MP; Sir Percy Cox [High Commissioner, Mesopotamia, later Iraq]; Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Lieutenant-General Sir...
Dates: 01 May 1920 - 29 Jun 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 20 Oct 1919 - 31 Aug 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Nevil Macready [Commanded the Forces in Ireland]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (8); Cecil Battine; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); Sir Arthur Pearson (2); William O'Reilly [Acting High Commissioner, Vladivostok, Russia]; Arthur Murray [later 3rd Lord Elibank] (2); Sir Bernard Pares (2); 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (2); Major Noel Napier-Clavering (4); 1st...
Dates: 20 Oct 1919 - 31 Aug 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign., 01 Apr 1919 - 30 Apr 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Ian Hamilton refuting press allegations; Walter Roch on the Dardanelles [Turkey] Inquiry; Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (2); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on matters discussed at the Paris [France] Peace Conference (7); 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies]; Colonel James Blair [Chief, British Military Mission in Siberia]; 1st Lord Haldane...
Dates: 01 Apr 1919 - 30 Apr 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: telegrams on Ireland., 30 Jun 1920 - 01 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/59
Scope and Contents

Includes copies of telegrams from the Chief Secretary, Ireland [Sir Hamar Greenwood]; and from WSC to General Sir Nevil Macready [Commanded the Forces in Ireland] and Major-General Sir Hugh Jeudwine.Subjects include: regulations for British officers in Ireland, including carrying arms; Macready's absence from his post.

Dates: 30 Jun 1920 - 01 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 May 1920 - 31 Aug 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/52A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals including: Quartermaster-General [Lieutenant-General Travers Clarke]; Jack Scott [Air Secretary and Private Secretary to WSC]; Sir James Stevenson [Surveyor-General of Supply]; Secretary [War Office, ?Sir Reginald Brade]; Military Secretary [Lieutenant-General Sir Philip Chetwode]; Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Major Lionel de Rothschild; Finance Member [Sir Archibald Williamson, later...
Dates: 01 May 1920 - 31 Aug 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 03 Jan 1921 - 11 Feb 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/73
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes from WSC to various individuals including: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Prime Minister [David Lloyd George]; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Secretary [War Office, Sir Herbert Creedy]; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff, Lieutenant-General Sir Philip Chetwode; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso,...
Dates: 03 Jan 1921 - 11 Feb 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Irish Convention and Irish conscription., 08 Mar 1918 - 11 Apr 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/36
Scope and Contents Includes papers and correspondence on the Irish convention, constitutional issues and compulsory military service in Ireland by: Henry Duke [later 1st Lord Merrivale] Chief Secretary for Ireland; [Thomas Molony] Lord Chief Justice for Ireland; David Lloyd George [Prime Minister]; Lord Robert Cecil [Assistant Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; and Sir Alfred Mond [First Commissioner of Works].Also includes manuscript notes by WSC on the establishment of parliaments in Ireland; two...
Dates: 08 Mar 1918 - 11 Apr 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G, many praising WSC's speeches and leadership., Sep 1939 - Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/394
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War] (5) including (2) on his role in the government; Maxine Elliott on her health (2); Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on honouring [Walter Richard] Sickert; Daisy Fellowes [earlier Daisy, Princesse de Broglie] (2); Sir Warren Fisher [Regional Commander for Civil Defence, North-West Region] criticising the conduct of the war; [Edward] FitzClarence [later 6th Lord Munster] on Randolph Churchill's time in the...
Dates: Sep 1939 - Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/67A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4); Reginald Maudling; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (7); Garry Allighan; Leo Amery (6); John Andrews; Michael Astor; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director, Conservative Research...
Dates: Jun 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 166-7 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about living individuals until 1 January 2024.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons., 1905

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/16
Scope and Contents

Manuscript notes and source material or speech on Army Reform Undated and unpublished.Manuscript notes for speech in the Budget Debate Undated and unpublished.Manuscript notes for speech on the Irish Question, 20 Feb Published Complete Speeches I, pp.421-428.Typescript of speech on Preferential Trading with the Colonies, 8 Mar 1905 Published Complete Speeches I, pp. 437-443, under the title "Imperial Preference".

Dates: 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Nov 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/27/58
Scope and Contents

Letter from Charles Hughes (35 Belfield Road, Didsbury, Manchester) to WSC enclosing a book by Hughes [not present] and referring to previous correspondence with WSC about organising a meeting in Manchester on army reform. Notes the changes in WSC's and Joseph Chamberlain's views since that time and asserts that WSC's political future depends on his attitude to the Irish question.

Dates: 25 Nov 1906
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Dec 1907

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/30/92-95
Scope and Contents Letter from Walter Runciman [later Lord Runciman] (West Denton Hall, Scotswood-on-Tyne, [Northumberland]) to WSC on: disruption by suffragettes of speeches by cabinet ministers; the Tories' split over Tariff Reform; the industrious campaigning of Richard Haldane [later Lord Haldane]; reaction to Haldane's army estimates and 2nd Lord Tweedmouth's naval estimates; the introduction of old age pensions and Labour Party criticism of them; the prospect of the miners' group adhering to the Labour...
Dates: 13 Dec 1907
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Apr 1912

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/56/78
Scope and Contents

Letter from Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] (Ewelme Down, Wallingford, [Berkshire]) to WSC on their forthcoming discussion of war plans. Hopes WSC will speak on the second reading of the Home Rule Bill.

Dates: 21 Apr 1912
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/20/43-57
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to President [Franklin Roosevelt] outlining various plans and proposals concerning: attacking the German and Italian armies in Libya; French North Africa; Norway; British contributions to the Soviet war effort; defending Great Britain from a possible German invasion; placing United States forces in Northern Ireland [Ulster]; the command structure in the Middle East and the roles of the Air Force and Navy; the effect of victory in Libya on Italy and Turkey; landing tanks; the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Oct 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54B/150-163
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt] President of the United States, detailing secret military plans, reorganisation of command, and projected course of the war: Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to attack Cyrenaica [Libya], then advance on Tripoli; invasion of Norway has been planned as a cover; reports of German preparation for invasion of Britain over North Sea; seeks introduction of American troops to Northern Ireland; command. structure between the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jan 1941 - 31 Jan 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/1
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, January 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Eric Seal [WSC's Principal Private Secretary]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant]; James Stuart [Chief Whip] and...
Dates: 01 Jan 1941 - 31 Jan 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open

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