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Army

 Organization

Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Official: Cabinet: Foreign affairs., 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/27
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers on various subjects including: the declaration of London and its effect on Great Britain's "belligerent rights" and neutral shipping; the Russian fishing zone; Japanese affairs including tariff negotiations, the treaty of commerce and navigation, and an alliance with Great Britain; bulletins from [James] Bryce [British ambassador to the United States] on tariff relations between Canada and the United States; budget arrangements in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and the United...
Dates: 1911
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh [WSC's Private Secretary] (3); Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); [Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (4); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; David Lloyd George; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; General Sir Herbert Plumer, Commander-in-Chief,...
Dates: 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/50
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General J Bagratouni [Chief of the Armenian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference]; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary] (4); Major-General George Jeffreys; Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Aneurin Williams MP; Major Patrick Malone; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Philip Kerr [later 11th Lord Lothian, Secretary to the Prime Minister]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial...
Dates: 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/40
Scope and Contents Also includes notes from Sinclair to WSC.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as Gregori Alexinsky, Vladimir Bourtsev, Piotr Rutenberg, Simon Petliura, General Anton Denikin, Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, Prince Lvov, and Carol Yaroshinsky, the situation in the Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Bessarabia, north Russia, Petrograd [later Leningrad and St Petersburg], Siberia, and Poland, atrocities against Jews in south...
Dates: 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/41
Scope and Contents Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including the Ukrainian delegation in Paris, Finnish and Polish intervention, figures such as General Carl Mannerheim, General Anton Denikin, and Boris Savinkov, the military situation, Russian finances, differences between the Russians in Paris, the attitude of the Baltic states to Bolshevism, and French policy; general Anglo-French tensions.Also includes cuttings from French newspapers; a French Foreign Office...
Dates: 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/35
Scope and Contents Also includes a note from Major-General Percy Radcliffe [Director of Military Operations, War Office].Subjects covered by the file include: congratulations on WSC's appointment; Greek claims in Turkey; French policy towards Syria, the rest of Europe, and the Bolsheviks; internal French politics and [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France]; matters concerning Germany, including German colonies in Africa; matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia,...
Dates: 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/36
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of letters from General Tasker Bliss [United States Commissioner, Paris Peace Conference] on China and Japan, and General Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Danzig [later Gdansk, Poland], Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Italy, Lithuania and the Baltic states, Turkey, Germany, Hungary, and Fiume [later Rijeka, Yugoslavia]; Spears' interest in becoming...
Dates: 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/37
Scope and Contents Also includes alleged copies of telegrams concerning the start of World War I passed to Spears by the Serbian delegation in Paris.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Lithuania and the Baltic states, Fiume [later Rijeka, Yugoslavia], Persia [later Iran], Hungary and Austria; matters concerning Russia, including Sergei Sazonov's role, recognising Admiral Alexander Kolchak's government, support for Generals...
Dates: 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/42A-B
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from General Charles Mangin and Boris Savinkov.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, Savinkov, Gregori Alexinsky, Generals Carl Mannerheim and Joseph Pilsudsky [Chief of the Polish state], and Carol Yaroshinsky, tensions between Kolchak and Denikin, Russo-Polish relations, banking, the Ukraine, French views, German influence, agriculture within...
Dates: 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/38
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from Generals Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris] and Tscherbatchev, and Mary Spears; note from WSC to 1st Lord Curzon [Lord President of Council].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including supplies for the Bolsheviks, figures such as Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, and Simon Petliura, Bolshevik activity in Afghanistan, the...
Dates: 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 02 Jan 1920 - 31 Jan 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/63
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Nikolai Tchaikovsky and General Henrys, Head of the French Military Mission in Poland; notes of interviews with Ukrainian political figures; resolution signed by Marshal Ferdinand Foch; cutting from French newspaper and a letter from Vera Tchaikovsky about her meeting with Spears.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the situation in Siberia, the Ukraine and the Caucasus, and general assessments of...
Dates: 02 Jan 1920 - 31 Jan 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 01 Feb 1920 - 11 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/64
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Major-General Tom Bridges on war memorials in Belgium; copy letters from Sinclair to some of those mentioned above and to General Edward Buat, Chief of French General Staff; copy of a report from General Janin, Head of the French Military Mission in Siberia [Russia]; cutting from French newspaper; soft-bound collection of documents on Russia.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the role of various...
Dates: 01 Feb 1920 - 11 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], WSC and War Office officials., 12 Feb 1920 - 28 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/65
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Frank Rattigan [Charge d'Affaires in Romania]; Major-General Sir William Thwaites [Director of Military Intelligence, War Office] (2).Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the role of various anti-Bolsheviks in Paris, such as Boris Savinkov, the position of General Anton Denikin and the Ukraine, and the impact of the conflict on the Baltic states, Romania, and Japan; French public opinion of Alexandre...
Dates: 12 Feb 1920 - 28 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 2 which is only available in 'sanitised' form under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], WSC, the Director of Military Operations [Major-General Sir Percy Radcliffe] and War Office officials., 05 May 1920 - 28 Jun 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/67
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from General Peter Polovtsov (2); Major-General Francis Bingham [Chief of British section and President of Sub-Commission for Armaments and Material, Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control, Germany]; Rear-Admiral George Hope; Sir Basil Thomson, Director of Intelligence, on the French political police; and copies of papers from other Russian and French figures, such as Prince Troubetzkoi and Boris Savinkov; cuttings from French newspapers; French leaflet on...
Dates: 05 May 1920 - 28 Jun 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC, Major-General Sir Percy Radcliffe [Director of Military Operations] and War Office officials., 01 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/66
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from Boris Savinkov (3); General Yevgenii Miller; Nikolai Tchaikovsky; Neill Malcolm of the British Military Mission in Berlin [Germany], and copies of messages from other Russian figures, such as P Sabline and Anton Denikin, and French Generals Maurice Pelle and Nollet; a biography of Lenin; a French pamphlet on the Red Army, notes of a meeting of the Russo-German society in paris.Subjects include: French foreign policy concerning Russia and Turkey, particularly...
Dates: 01 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Kisch and War Office officials., 02 Jul 1920 - 30 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/68A-B
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Andre Lefevre [French Minister of War until December 1920] and his successor, Raiberti; and from Captain Lewis Gielgud and Sir Mansfeldt Findlay [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Norway]; copy of a declaration and a journal by the Ukrainian National Committee; bulletin from Russagent, the Russian anti-Bolshevik Press Agency in Paris; cutting from a French newspaper.Subjects include: matters...
Dates: 02 Jul 1920 - 30 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Major Gerald Geiger [Head] of the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 03 Jan 1921 - 14 Jan 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/75
Scope and Contents Also includes notes and minutes between WSC and Sinclair; correspondence from: Sophia Kolchak on her financial situation; Sir Herbert Creedy [Secretary, War Office]; Lieutenant-General Sir Alexander Godley [Military Secretary]; cutting from a French newspaper.Subjects include: Geiger's impressions of Raiberti [French Minister of War]; arrangements for WSC's visit to Paris; the activities of various Russians in Paris; the role of the Mission; French political changes; Geiger's position and...
Dates: 03 Jan 1921 - 14 Jan 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence, minutes, notes, and other papers., 31 Dec 1920 - 31 Jan 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/71
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colonel Walter Kirke [Deputy Director Military Operations]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] (4); Secretary to the Cabinet [Sir Maurice Hankey].Also includes minutes and notes from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; a map of Persia [later Iran]; WSC's notes on a visit to Paris [France] and talks with Alexandre Millerand...
Dates: 31 Dec 1920 - 31 Jan 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/51A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (and telegrams) from WSC to various individuals including: Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; 1st Lord Peel [Under-Secretary of State for War]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Sir Herbert Creedy; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Chief of the Air Staff [Air-Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Major-General Fabian Ware; [David Lloyd George]; Andrew Bonar Law [Lord Privy Seal]; Director of...
Dates: 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards., 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/133
Scope and Contents Hansard report of WSC's speech (11 May 1953) on foreign affairs, including Korea, Indo-China [later Vietnam], Egypt, the French military position, the European Defence Community, relations between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey, Israel and the new Soviet government. Also includes Philip Noel-Baker's reply. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8475 - 8485.Hansard report of WSC's replies (23 March 1954) on consultation between Britain and the United States over atomic weapons.Hansard report of...
Dates: 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.