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Army

 Organization

Found in 95 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Evening Standard articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/610
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the Standard (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Britain Rearms" on British naval, army and air strength; "What Japan Thinks of Us" on the Japanese racial attitude to the British and Americans, Japan's naval strength and US policy concerning the Sino-Japanese War; "The League [of Nations] is not Dead Yet" on the power of the dictatorships in Europe, a defence of the League, and asserting the need for Britain and France to show...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Cabinet: Foreign affairs., 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/27
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers on various subjects including: the declaration of London and its effect on Great Britain's "belligerent rights" and neutral shipping; the Russian fishing zone; Japanese affairs including tariff negotiations, the treaty of commerce and navigation, and an alliance with Great Britain; bulletins from [James] Bryce [British ambassador to the United States] on tariff relations between Canada and the United States; budget arrangements in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and the United...
Dates: 1911
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Papers 1 - 19., 14 Jan 1929 - 30 Jan 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/227
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: [1st] Lord Peel, Secretary of State for India, on Indian contributions to the home effective charges of the British army and the political situation in India; Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later Lord Swinton], President of the Board of Trade, on the trade outlook and economic situation including details of various industries, exports and colonial trade; Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 14 Jan 1929 - 30 Jan 1929
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 81 to 100., 10 Mar 1928 - 28 Mar 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/194
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: Sir Austen Chamberlain, Foreign Secretary, on the League of Nations and disarmament, negotiations with the Nanking [China] government and relations between Canada and Japan; Sir Douglas Hogg [later 1st Lord Hailsham], Attorney-General on the prerogative of the Crown; Leo Amery, Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, on subjects including a Zionist loan, compensation claims in the Irish Free State, and the amendment of...
Dates: 10 Mar 1928 - 28 Mar 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 131 - 150., 25 Apr 1928 - 04 May 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/197
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: 1st] Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] Secretary of State for India, on the Indian contribution to the home effective charges of the British army; Sir William Joynson-Hicks [later Lord Brentford] Home Secretary on subjects including a draft treaty of arbitration with the United States, a dog racing bill and land purchase in Northern Ireland; William Bridgeman, First Lord of the Admiralty, on a treaty with the United...
Dates: 25 Apr 1928 - 04 May 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 221 to 245., Aug 1927 - Oct 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/162
Scope and Contents Includes papers on various subjects by various individuals including: Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later Lord Swinton], President of the Board of Trade, on the trade outlook and poor economic situation including details of various industries, exports and colonial trade; Sir Austen Chamberlain, Foreign Secretary, on a pact between France and the United States and the effect of the resignation of [1st] Lord Cecil [of Chelwood]; Chamberlain, HM Office of Works...
Dates: Aug 1927 - Oct 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration., 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Gordon Wilson and Paul Beards (Private Secretaries, War Office) on South African war graves; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (6); R A Butler [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Harold Macmillan [later Lord Stockton, Minister of Housing and Local Government]; Duncan Sandys [Minister of Supply] (2); Christopher Soames [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister]; John Colville [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on subjects...
Dates: 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War and Air, 1918 - 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16
Scope and Contents The War and Air papers contain correspondence, minutes, printed material and other papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Secretary of State for War and Air, positions he held concurrently from January 1919 to February 1921 (he continued as Secretary of State for Air while Secretary of State for the Colonies until April 1921). The papers have been divided into correspondence, WSC's outgoing minutes, and subject-based files and are arranged...
Dates: 1918 - 1921
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: War and Air: Cabinet papers., 06 Jan 1920 - 18 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/54
Scope and Contents Includes papers and memoranda prepared by: WSC; Rear-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes; Brigadier-General Arthur Turner, British Baltic Military Mission; Harold Williams; Major-General Sir Percy Radcliffe, Director of Military Operations; Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Harington, Commander of the Army of the Black Sea; and other War and Air officials.Also includes notes and minutes by WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War],...
Dates: 06 Jan 1920 - 18 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 17 which has been removed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence, 22 Feb 1919 - 31 Mar 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/5
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Rear-Admiral Richard Webb [Assistant High Commissioner to Turkey]; David Lloyd George; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on matters discussed at the Paris [France] Peace Conference, including his assessment of figures such as [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France] (11); Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard offering to resign as Chief of Air Staff on health grounds...
Dates: 22 Feb 1919 - 31 Mar 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence., 30 Dec 1920 - 15 Nov 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/72
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; Raiberti [French Minister of War]; "Charly" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh, Under-Secretary of State for Air]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] (5); Sir Graham Greene (3); Major-General Sir Alfred Knox (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Harington [Commander of the Army of the Black Sea]; Herbert Samuel [High Commissioner, Palestine]; Boris...
Dates: 30 Dec 1920 - 15 Nov 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence and papers on Russian policy and the Paris [France] Peace Conference (collected together for use in "The Aftermath" [published as Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"])., 15 Feb 1919 - 15 Dec 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/21
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: David Lloyd George (2); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff].Also includes War Cabinet and Cabinet memoranda prepared by WSC.Subjects covered: possible negotiations with the Bolsheviks; British assistance to the anti-Bolshevik forces; the effect of war with the Bolsheviks on the political situation in Britain.

Dates: 15 Feb 1919 - 15 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/45
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (3); "Reggie" [Brigadier-General Reginald Barnes] (2); 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary] (4); 1st Lord Islington [earlier John Dickson-Poynder] (2); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; David Lloyd George; Herbert Fisher [President of the Board of Education]; P Sabline (4), G Wolkov, A Soldatenkov, and Lieutenant-General N Yermolov (2) [Russian Embassy]; Colonel Walter Kirke [Deputy Director...
Dates: 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh [WSC's Private Secretary] (3); Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); [Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (4); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; David Lloyd George; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; General Sir Herbert Plumer, Commander-in-Chief,...
Dates: 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 01 May 1920 - 29 Jun 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/47A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies] (3); David Lloyd George; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); George Kidston [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Republic of Finland]; 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V] (6); Aubrey Herbert MP; Sir Percy Cox [High Commissioner, Mesopotamia, later Iraq]; Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Lieutenant-General Sir...
Dates: 01 May 1920 - 29 Jun 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 20 Oct 1919 - 31 Aug 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Nevil Macready [Commanded the Forces in Ireland]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (8); Cecil Battine; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); Sir Arthur Pearson (2); William O'Reilly [Acting High Commissioner, Vladivostok, Russia]; Arthur Murray [later 3rd Lord Elibank] (2); Sir Bernard Pares (2); 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (2); Major Noel Napier-Clavering (4); 1st...
Dates: 20 Oct 1919 - 31 Aug 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 02 Sep 1920 - 31 Oct 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/49
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Tomkinson; 1st Lord Inverforth [earlier Andrew Weir, Minister of Munitions] (2); 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V] (3); Major-General Sir Charles Harington [Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff]; Harold Williams; Lieutenant-General 10th Lord Cavan; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); P Sabline [Russian Embassy]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff]; General...
Dates: 02 Sep 1920 - 31 Oct 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 64 which is only available in 'sanitised' form under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/50
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General J Bagratouni [Chief of the Armenian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference]; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary] (4); Major-General George Jeffreys; Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Aneurin Williams MP; Major Patrick Malone; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Philip Kerr [later 11th Lord Lothian, Secretary to the Prime Minister]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial...
Dates: 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/40
Scope and Contents Also includes notes from Sinclair to WSC.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as Gregori Alexinsky, Vladimir Bourtsev, Piotr Rutenberg, Simon Petliura, General Anton Denikin, Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, Prince Lvov, and Carol Yaroshinsky, the situation in the Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Bessarabia, north Russia, Petrograd [later Leningrad and St Petersburg], Siberia, and Poland, atrocities against Jews in south...
Dates: 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/41
Scope and Contents Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including the Ukrainian delegation in Paris, Finnish and Polish intervention, figures such as General Carl Mannerheim, General Anton Denikin, and Boris Savinkov, the military situation, Russian finances, differences between the Russians in Paris, the attitude of the Baltic states to Bolshevism, and French policy; general Anglo-French tensions.Also includes cuttings from French newspapers; a French Foreign Office...
Dates: 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/35
Scope and Contents Also includes a note from Major-General Percy Radcliffe [Director of Military Operations, War Office].Subjects covered by the file include: congratulations on WSC's appointment; Greek claims in Turkey; French policy towards Syria, the rest of Europe, and the Bolsheviks; internal French politics and [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France]; matters concerning Germany, including German colonies in Africa; matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia,...
Dates: 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/36
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of letters from General Tasker Bliss [United States Commissioner, Paris Peace Conference] on China and Japan, and General Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Danzig [later Gdansk, Poland], Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Italy, Lithuania and the Baltic states, Turkey, Germany, Hungary, and Fiume [later Rijeka, Yugoslavia]; Spears' interest in becoming...
Dates: 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/37
Scope and Contents Also includes alleged copies of telegrams concerning the start of World War I passed to Spears by the Serbian delegation in Paris.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Lithuania and the Baltic states, Fiume [later Rijeka, Yugoslavia], Persia [later Iran], Hungary and Austria; matters concerning Russia, including Sergei Sazonov's role, recognising Admiral Alexander Kolchak's government, support for Generals...
Dates: 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/42A-B
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from General Charles Mangin and Boris Savinkov.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, Savinkov, Gregori Alexinsky, Generals Carl Mannerheim and Joseph Pilsudsky [Chief of the Polish state], and Carol Yaroshinsky, tensions between Kolchak and Denikin, Russo-Polish relations, banking, the Ukraine, French views, German influence, agriculture within...
Dates: 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], WSC and War Office officials., 12 Jul 1919 - Sep 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/39
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from Eduard Benes [Czechoslovak Minister of Foreign Affairs], Boris Savinkov, General William Bartholomew [Deputy Director of Military Intelligence] and Alexander Scott [Parliamentary Private Secretary to WSC].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including political figures such as Gregori Alexinsky, and allied behaviour in the Baltic provinces; matters concerning Persia [later Iran], Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Danzig...
Dates: 12 Jul 1919 - Sep 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Russia (nation) 59
Communism 58
Germany 38
Colonialism 27
France 25

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.