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Found in 1960 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 13 Nov 1912

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/38-39
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [British Agent and Consul-General in Egypt], on naval forces in the Mediterranean. [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 13 Nov 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 29 Jul 1913

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/45-46
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Admiral Sir George Callaghan [Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet], on the forthcoming Naval Manoeuvres. [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 29 Jul 1913
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 18 Dec 1913

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/47-49
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the naval building programme, expressing his loyalty to Asquith, and his "conviction of your superior judgement and superior record on naval matters", and stating that he would go to all possible lengths to prevent disagreement in the Cabinet, but that "no reduction or postponement beyond the year of the four ships is possible to me". [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 18 Dec 1913
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 25 Dec 1913

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/50-52
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], urging him to support the naval building programme. [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 25 Dec 1913
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Dec 1913

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/53
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven], 1st Sea Lord, on paper by the Chancellor of the Exchequer [David Lloyd George] proposing a reduction in the naval building programme, stating that he could not remain responsible if the declared programme of four ships were cut down. [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 26 Dec 1913
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 10 Jan 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/5/54
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the Naval Estimates. [Manuscript copy in letter book].

Dates: 10 Jan 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 06 Sep 1911

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/47
Scope and Contents

Letter from Reginald McKenna [First Lord of the Admiralty] to WSC informing him that the Admiralty is making efforts to ensure the early delivery of coal because of the possibility of a coal strike. He thanks WSC for sending him a letter from J Freeth [see CHAR 12/12/46]. Signed manuscript.

Dates: 06 Sep 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 17 Nov 1914 - 21 Nov 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/62-63
Scope and Contents

Notes between James Masterton-Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] and Charles Walker [Principal Clerk, Admiralty], on the question of Russian decorations for submarine officers.

Dates: 17 Nov 1914 - 21 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Nov 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/64
Scope and Contents

Submission from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to King George V, reporting that the Emperor of Russia wished to confer the Order of St Vladimir (4th Class) on two British submarine commanders, Lieutenant-Commander Noel Laurence and Lieutenant-Commander Max Horton, for their skill in navigating their vessels into the Baltic, where they were now operating. WSC asks for the decorations to be approved, but not made public, to preserve secrecy. [Initialled by WSC and King George V].

Dates: 24 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 21 Mar 1915 - 23 Mar 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/65-67
Scope and Contents

Notes between Ronald Campbell, Foreign Office, James Masterton-Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] and Charles Walker [Principal Clerk, Admiralty], reporting that the Russian Ambassador had been told that King George V had approved the award of Russian decorations to the two submarine captains in the Baltic, and had been informed of the need for secrecy.

Dates: 21 Mar 1915 - 23 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Mar 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/69
Scope and Contents

Submission from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to King George V, reporting that Tsar Nicholas II of Russia wished to award decorations to Commander Max Horton and the crew of submarine E9, for sinking a German destroyer in the Baltic on 29 January [signed by WSC, and approved by the King].

Dates: 20 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 08 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/73-74
Scope and Contents

Draft letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Victor Augagneur [French Minister of Marine], on co-operation between the two departments, particularly on establishing personal communication between himself and Augagneur, and delaying a declaration of war against Austria until the French Fleet was in position at Malta, to help in the Adriatic. [Hand-written copy, unsigned].

Dates: 08 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 29 Sep 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/83
Scope and Contents

Letter from Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving approval for laying mines in the North Sea, after a conference on the attitude of the United States. Asquith urges WSC to start laying mines "without stinting, and if necessary on a Napoleonic scale". Includes covering note marked "Most Secret".

Dates: 29 Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Oct 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/84-86
Scope and Contents

Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving his views on the Ostend and Zeebrugge [Belgium] expeditions, particularly on the position at Nieuport, and also on Hood's wish to return to the Dover Patrol.

Dates: 30 Oct 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Nov 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/89-96
Scope and Contents

Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood (Hotel Crusader, Nieuport [Belgium]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the naval and military situation in France and Belgium, including: the use of Hood's ships at Nieuport; the placing of German guns along the shore; Hood's mining of the coastal waters; the chances of a Belgian advance; relations between the French and Belgians.

Dates: 05 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [Aug] 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/97
Scope and Contents

Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the importance of the part to be played by Norway, the Netherlands and Belgium in the naval war with Germany. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC].

Dates: [Aug] 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/98
Scope and Contents

Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the attitude of Portugal, explaining that the Admiralty saw relations with Spain as being more important. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC].

Dates: 05 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 31 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/117-119
Scope and Contents

Letter from 2nd Lord Selborne (Blackmoor, Liss, Hampshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], sending his congratulations on naval operations off Heligoland [Germany], and also commenting on the formation of the Naval Division for service in France and Belgium: Selborne suggests that they be given naval as well as military training, so that they could be used in the Fleet if required.

Dates: 31 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 23 Mar 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/44/122-124
Scope and Contents

Letter from Edwin Montagu [Financial Secretary to Treasury] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his proposal for a Minister of War Contracts or a civil Secretary of State for War, suggesting David Lloyd George for the post, and other staff for the proposed new department.

Dates: 23 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 11 Sep [1914]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/45/42-44
Scope and Contents

Admiralty minute on the need to change the policy of destroyer building, particularly increasing torpedo armament, and the size and speed of German ships relative to British destroyers.

Dates: 11 Sep [1914]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 31 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/46/82-84
Scope and Contents Letter from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on joint Anglo-French naval operations in the Mediterranean, including actions at Alexandretta [Iskenderun, Turkey], the Dardanelles, on the Syrian coast, and proposed land operations with French and British troops; also assuring WSC that the Austrian fleet would not leave the Adriatic. Includes forwarding note from WSC to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener...
Dates: 31 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/46/86-91
Scope and Contents

Letter from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly [1st Battle Squadron], on the loss of HMS Formidable, stating that Bayly's explanation was inadequate and unsatisfactory, and expressing their severe displeasure. Bayly is also criticised for his plan on the forcing of the Dardanelles and for his behaviour on his visits to the Admiralty. [Carbon].

Dates: Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/46/92-93
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Grand Duke Nicholas [Russian Minister of War], on Russia's request for naval action against Turkey to relieve pressure in the Caucasus, detailing plans for forcing the passage of the Dardanelles. [2 Hand-written drafts].

Dates: Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 04 Feb 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/47/3
Scope and Contents

Admiralty intercepted message, giving a German official communique declaring the waters around Great Britain and Ireland a war region, and warning that hostile merchant ships and possibly neutrals would be attacked.

Dates: 04 Feb 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), Feb 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/47/5
Scope and Contents

Admiralty note on policy towards ships carrying goods of presumed enemy destination, ownership or origin, following Germany's threat to attack merchant shipping. [Carbon].

Dates: Feb 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open